Minuscule 157

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Minuscule 157
New Testament manuscript
NameUrbino-Vaticanus Gr. 2
Now atVatican Library
Size18.6 cm by 13.6 cm
Handbeautifully written
Notefull marginalia

Minuscule 157 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 207 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on vellum. According to the colophon it is dated to the year 1122.[2] Formerly date was wrongly deciphered as 1128? (Gregory, Thompson). It has complex contents and full marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 325 parchment leaves (size 18.6 cm by 13.6 cm).[2] The text is written in one column per page, in 22 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose tables are given before each Gospel (tables of contents), numbers at the margin of the text, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is no division[clarification needed] according to the Eusebian Canons though the Eusebian Canon tables are placed at the beginning.[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, prolegomena, lectionary equipment, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, ornaments and pictures in vermilion and gold. The Gospel of John is preceded by portrait of John evangelist with Prochorus.[3]

It has the famous Jerusalem Colophon ("copied and corrected from the ancient manuscripts of Jerusalem preserved on the Holy Mountain") at the end of each of the Gospel. It is very beautifully written.[4]


Although the manuscript was made for the Emperor its text is not the standard Byzantine but a mixture of text-types with strong the Alexandrian element. Its readings often agree with Codex Bezae, with some affinities to Diatessaron, and to Marcion's text of Luke (see Gospel of Marcion).[5]

Hermann von Soden lists it as Is (along with codices 235, 245, 291, 713, 1012). Aland placed it in Category III.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kx in Luke 1; in Luke 10 it is mixed with some relationship to the Alexandrian text; in Luke 20 it has the Alexandrian text.[7]

In Matthew 6:13 it has unusual ending of the Lord's Prayer:

ὅτι σοῦ ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία καὶ ἡ δύναμις καὶ ἡ δόξα, τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας. ἀμήν (For thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory, of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit for ever. Amen.)

This ending is found in only two other manuscripts: 225 and 418.

In Matthew 13:15 it reads: Ἰωσῆ (Joses), the reading is supported by the manuscripts: 118 700* 1071 syrh cobomss

It does not include texts of Matthew 16:2b–3[8] and Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11).


It was written in 1122 for John Porphyrogenitus (1118-1143). The manuscript belonged to the Ducal Library at Urbino, and was brought to the Rome by Pope Clement VII (1523-1534).[4]

In 1788 Andreas Birch made a facsimile. According to Birch it is the most important manuscript of the New Testament, except Codex Vaticanus. It was examined by Scholz, collated by Hoskier. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3] Scrivener noted that this codex is often in agreement with codices: Vaticanus, Bezae, Regius, 69, 106, and especially with 1.[4]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Urbinas gr. 2), at Rome.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 53.
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 56.
  3. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 160.
  4. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 214.
  5. ^ Helmut Koester, Introduction to the New Testament, New York: Walter de Gruyter 1995, p. 31.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 56. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 61.

Further reading[edit]

  • Herman C. Hoskier, "Evan. 157", JTS XIV (1913), pp. 78–116, 242-293, 359-384.
  • B. H. Streeter, "Codices 157, 1071 and the Caesarean Text", in Lake F/S (London, 1937), pp. 149–150.
  • Edward Maunde Thompson, An Introduction to Greek and Latin Paleography, p. 246, 248 (plate 68).

External links[edit]