Mircea Geoană

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Mircea Geoană
Mircea Geoană 2022.jpg
Geoană in 2022
Deputy Secretary General of NATO
Assumed office
17 July 2019
Secretary GeneralJens Stoltenberg
Preceded byRose Gottemoeller
President of the Senate of Romania
In office
19 December 2008 – 23 November 2011
Preceded byIlie Sârbu
Succeeded byPetru Filip (Acting)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
28 December 2000 – 28 December 2004
Prime MinisterAdrian Năstase
Eugen Bejinariu
Preceded byPetre Roman
Succeeded byMihai Răzvan Ungureanu
President of the Social Democratic Party
In office
2005–2010
Preceded byAdrian Năstase
Succeeded byVictor Ponta
Personal details
Born
Dan Mircea Geoană

(1958-07-14) 14 July 1958 (age 63)
Bucharest, Romanian People's Republic
Political partyRomanian Social Party (2015–2018)[1][2]
Other political
affiliations
Social Democratic Party (2001–2011; 2012–2014)[3][4]
Independent (2011–2012; 2014–2015)
Spouse(s)Mihaela Geoană
Alma materPolytechnic University of Bucharest
École nationale d'administration
University of Bucharest
Harvard University
Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website

Dan Mircea Geoană (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmirt͡ʃe̯a ˈd͡ʒe̯o̯anə]; born 14 July 1958 in Bucharest, Romania)[5] is a Romanian politician and former ambassador who served as president of the upper chamber of the Romanian Parliament, the Senate from 20 December 2008 until he was revoked on 23 November 2011. From 21 April 2005 until 21 February 2010, he was the head of the Social Democratic Party (PSD, Romanian: Partidul Social Democrat), Romania's largest political party to this day.[6] Furthermore, he was the candidate of the party for the position of President of Romania in the 2009 presidential election which he narrowly lost to Traian Băsescu.

He was dismissed from PSD on 22 November 2011 but rejoined the party in late 2012. Now he is the acting president and founder of P.S.RO, the Social Romanian Party founded in April 2015. Additionally, he was also the president of Aspen Institute Romania, which is an apolitical and non-profit organisation.

On 17 July 2019, he was appointed deputy secretary general of NATO, replacing Rose Gottemoeller.[7][8]

History[edit]

From 28 December 2000 to 28 December 2004, Geoană was the Foreign Minister of Romania, as part of the PSD government of Adrian Năstase. After the Romanian legislative elections of 2004, he was replaced by Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu from the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA).

In 2001, Geoană was the chairman of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. In 2004, during the local elections in Romania, he ran for Mayor of Bucharest, but lost to incumbent mayor Traian Băsescu of the Democratic Party (PD) right in the first round.

A career diplomat, from 1996 to 2000 Geoană served as Romania's ambassador to the United States. At the time, he was the youngest ambassador in Romania's diplomatic corps.

Considered a young reformer[citation needed], Geoană was elected president of the party on 25 April 2005 by delegates at a PSD Party Congress held in Bucharest. His victory represented a surprise defeat for the former president and founder of the PSD Ion Iliescu, who was expected to defeat Geoană easily. Geoană's win was attributed by the media to last minute backroom dealing by party leaders opposed to Iliescu as well as to public gaffes made by Iliescu at the Party Congress, including using the term comrades when referring to his fellow party colleagues.

At the PSD Congress on 10 December 2006, Geoană was re-elected as party President, with his platform, "Social Romania", defeating Sorin Oprescu's.

On 3 December 2009, candidates in the second round, Băsescu and Geoană met in a televised debate that marked the final confrontation of the campaign. The event was held at the Palace of the Parliament. The debate started with a presentation of arguments that Băsescu and Geoană tried in turn to explain why Romanians should vote for them. The candidate of the PSD+PC Alliance said he came up with a project to develop the country and has demonstrated that he can unite the Romanians and keep "a constructive tone and a positive approach." He discussed the three pillars that he sustains: redefining the way that Romania is working, agriculture, and developing the working field. Geoană specified that his alliance with the liberals, initialed in Timișoara, is sincere and not based on political interests. He expressed hope that Băsescu will not use in the debate means and personal attacks, "like the way in which he designed the campaign, which was based on lies and personal attacks on the family."

In turn, Băsescu said that the presidency is a privilege and a "huge obligation" which marked him every day in the five-year term when he was president of Romania. His speech was focused on supporting the accelerated reform of the state in which the "voice of Romanians must be heard". The head of state proposed "a government of politicians for politicians". Băsescu spoke about the Social Democrats (PSD), whom he accused that they do not understand the country's priorities, and are instead interested in acquiring political privileges. The candidate supported by the Liberal Democrats (PDL) recalled the possibility of the return to power of former communist government officials and Iliescu should Geoană win the presidential election. Additionally, Băsescu promised that it would immediately pass Romanians outcome of the referendum of 22 November to reduce the number of MPs and creating a unicameral parliament, which he never did. The two candidates' approaches were often strewn during the three hours of debate with personal attacks and mutual accusations. The President stated that the support structure of Geoană's campaign was linked to television stations owned by Sorin Ovidiu Vântu and Dan Voiculescu, and supported by Dinu Patriciu's public interventions. The two presidential candidates swore with the hand on a Bible provided by Robert Turcescu, the moderator of the debate. While Geoană vowed he had not promised any benefits to Patriciu, Vântu, and Voiculescu, Băsescu vowed that he "never punched a child in the plexus or in the face".

On 22 November 2011, after refusing to step down as the President of the Senate of Romania following the request of the PSD leadership, he was ousted as member of the party, losing the confidence of his colleagues in the Executive National Council of PSD where his dismissal was voted 50 to 5 while 3 abstained. In the following days he will have to step down as President of the Upper House of the Romanian Parliament as he no longer has the support of a party group in the Senate.[9] The following day he was revoked by the senators in the plenary meeting with 112 votes for, 2 against and 5 abstentions. He remains an independent senator. He was readmitted into the party banks in Autumn 2012, after a reconciliation with the PSD leadership.

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Mihaela Geoană, Former President of the Romanian Red Cross from 2007 to 2015. They have two children together: a daughter, Maria and a son, Alexandru Ion.

Electoral history[edit]

Mayor of Bucharest[edit]

Election Affiliation First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2004 PSD 225,774
29.74%
 2nd 

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Affiliation First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2009 PSD
(supported by PC)
3,027,838
31.15%
 2nd  5,205,760
49.66%
 2nd 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Postelnicu, Valentina. "Mircea Geoană anunţă înfiinţarea Partidului Social Românesc (PSR)". Mediafax (in Romanian).
  2. ^ "Liviu Dragnea anunță un nou partid. Ce s-a ales din partidele înființate de Victor Ponta, Mircea Geoana, Teodor Meleșcanu, Gabriel Oprea și Marian Vanghelie". 19 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Liviu Dragnea anunță un nou partid. Ce s-a ales din partidele înființate de Victor Ponta, Mircea Geoana, Teodor Meleșcanu, Gabriel Oprea și Marian Vanghelie". 19 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Ponta i-a EXCLUS din PSD pe Geoană, Vanghelie și Șova. Vanghelie: "Mi-a fost greață. N-am văzut așa execuții nici la Partidul Comunist". Șova: "Accept"". 27 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Biography" (in Romanian). personal website. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  6. ^ "Geoană, fostul şef al PSD, s-a relaxat la miezul nopţii cu o îngheţată" (in Romanian). www.gandul.info. 21 February 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  7. ^ "NATO Secretary General appoints Mircea Geoană as next Deputy Secretary General". NATO.int. 17 July 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2019. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has decided to appoint Mircea Geoană from Romania as the next Deputy Secretary General. He will replace Rose Gottemoeller from the United States, who took up her position in October 2016.
  8. ^ Bănilă, Nicoleta (17 July 2019). "NATO appoints Romanian ex-foreign minister Mircea Geoana as deputy secretary general". SeeNews: Business Intelligence for Southeast Europe. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Mircea Geoană, exclus din PSD". Libertatea. 22 November 2011.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Foreign Affairs
2000–2004
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Romanian Senate
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by President of the Social Democratic Party
2005–2010
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by Deputy Secretary General of NATO
2019–present
Incumbent