Prime Minister of Romania

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Prime Minister of Romania
Flag of the Prime Minister of Romania.svg
Standard of the Prime Minister of Romania
Dacian Cioloş 2012-05-10.jpg
Dacian Cioloș

since 17 November 2015
Residence Victoria Palace
Appointer President of Romania
Term length No fixed term
Inaugural holder Barbu Catargiu
Formation 22 January 1862
Salary 15,108 lei (2015)[1]
Coat of arms of Romania
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The Prime Minister of Romania (Romanian: Prim-ministrul României) is the head of the Government of Romania. Initially, the office was styled President of the Council of Ministers (Romanian: Președintele Consiliului de Miniștri), when the term "Government" included more than the Cabinet, and the Cabinet was called The Council of Ministers (Consiliul de Miniștri). The title was officially changed to Prime Minister during the communist regime.[when?]

Prime Minister Dacian Cioloș, an independent, took over the position on 17 November 2015 after the resignation of Victor Ponta on 4 November 2015 following the Colectiv nightclub fire and the ensuing large street protests.[2]


One of the roles of the President of the Republic is to designate a candidate for the office of Prime Minister. The President must consult with the party that has the majority in the Parliament or, if no such majority exists, with the parties represented in Parliament.[3]

Once designated, the candidate assembles a proposal for the governing program and the cabinet. The proposal must be approved by the Parliament within ten days, through a vote of confidence process. Both the program and the cabinet membership are debated by the Parliament in a joint session of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The proposal is accepted only if a majority of all Deputies and Senators approves.[3]

Once the vote of confidence is obtained, the candidate becomes the Prime Minister and all cabinet members become Ministers. The Prime Minister, the Ministers, and other members of the Government take an oath before the President, as stipulated under Article 82 of the Constitution. The Government as a whole and each of its members exercise their mandate from the date of the oath.[4]


The Prime Minister directs Government actions and co-ordinates the activities of its members. He submits to the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate reports and statements on Government policy, to be debated.[5] The President cannot dismiss the Prime Minister, but the Parliament can withdraw its support through a vote of no-confidence.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "VICTOR PONTA A DEMISIONAT". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Constitution of Romania". Retrieved 20 November 2014.  |section= ignored (help)
  4. ^ "Constitution of Romania". Retrieved 20 November 2014.  |section= ignored (help)
  5. ^ a b "Constitution of Romania". Retrieved 20 November 2014.  |section= ignored (help)
  • Nicolae C. Nicolescu, Șefii de stat și de guvern ai României (1859–2003), Editura Meronia, Bucharest, 2003
  • Stelian Neagoe, Istoria guvernelor României de la începuturi - 1859 până în zilele noastre - 1995, Editura Machiavelli, Bucharest, 1995

External links[edit]