Mohiuddin Qadri Zore

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Syed Mohiuddin Qadri Zore
Born
Syed Mohiuddin Qadri Zore

(1905-12-25)25 December 1905
Hyderabad, India
DiedSeptember 1962
Srinagar, Kashmir
NationalityIndian
Known forUrdu Scholar

Syed Mohiuddin Qadri Zore (December 1905 – September 1962)[1] was an accomplished writer, scholar, poet, literary critic, historian, and social reformer. He is best known for his pursuit of the rejuvenation of Urdu language and literature, writing 61 books in his lifetime, generating a major foundation of the Urdu literature now taught in all schools throughout India. Recognized as the first Urdu linguist, his writing ranged from short stories to novels to poetry, social commentary, scholarly criticism, and linguistic analysis.[2] Along with his written legacy, one of his greatest contributions to revitalizing Urdu was his establishment of the organization Idare Adabiyaat e Urdu (also known as 'Aiwan-e-Urdu') dedicated to the recovery, restoration, and digitalization of aging and disentegrating texts, books, and manuscripts, which are used in research of the ancient language.[3] He also helped to found the Abdul Kalam Azad Oriental Research Institute, and a still-published Urdu magazine, known as Sabras.[2]

Biography[edit]

Syed Mohiuddin Qadri Zore was born in Hyderabad, India in December 1905. He completed his early education there, attending Madrasa-e-Darool Uloom City School, followed by further studies at Usmania College, where he obtained an M.A. with distinction in Linguistic Sciences in 1927.[2]

Due to his exemplary performance as a student, he was sent to London, England on a fellowship by the ruler of Hyderabad in 1929, where he completed his Ph.D in Linguistic Sciences. He continued his study of linguistics in Paris in 1930 for some time before returning to India.[2]

Upon his return, Zore served as Principal of the Chaderghat Government Degree College, head of the Urdu department at Osmania University,[4] and head of the Urdu Department and Dean of Faculty at Jammu and Kashmir University.[2]

Zore wrote many articles and books on Urdu language and literature, including Tillsm-e-Khayaal, Sayr-e-Golconda and Golconda ke Heeray. His poetry includes Hubbe Tarang,gulzaar-e-Ibrahim and Dakkani Adab ki Tareekh. In addition, Kulliyate Mohammad Quli Qutb Shah (1940), Hayat-e-Mir Muhammad Momin (1941), Dastane-adab Hyderabad (1951), Tazkira makhtutat Urdu Vols. II and III (1951 and 1957), Talib-o-mohni (1957), Maani sukhan (1958), are notable contributions among his works as well. Hindustani Lisaniat (1932), "the Languages of India", throws light on the interesting aspects of the evolution of the Indo-European group of languages.[5][6] His English composition, Hindustani Phonetics, is a significant work on linguistics.[citation needed]

Kuliyat-eMuhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the manuscript was edited and published with a preface by Mohiuddin, Qadri Zore in 1940 A.D. The Kuliyat contains a number of poems written by the Sultan on the occasion of ceremonies and festivals such as Idd-ut-Fittar, Milad-un-Nabi, Mirag and Basant. It is these poems which are valuable for the study of the cultural life of the people of Golconda.[7]

Zore was married to Tahniath Unnisa begum, daughter of Nawab Raffat Yaar Jang of Hyderabad, India, and she was the first female Sahiba-e-Dewaan Naatgo Urdu female poet. The most famous of her three books is Sabro Shukar. They had nine children, including four daughters and five sons. Zore died in September, 1962 at Srinagar, Kashmir, and is buried at Khaniyar Shareef there.

His family still lives in their ancestral house, Tahniath Manzil, at Hyderabad, beside the Idare Adabiyat-e-Urdu. Idare Adabiyat-e-Urdu (since 25 June 1931)[5] is a center for Urdu learning, museum and library built on land donated by Zore's wife. He had four daughters and five sons(Taqiuddin Qadri,Safiuddin Qadri Rafiuddin Qadri). Among all, his oldest daughter Tahzeeb Zore who was known to inherit his major scholarly potential was Masters in Linguistic sciences and topped in Arabic Language in Osmania University and soon became a Lecturer at Osmania University in 1960. She got married on 7 May 1961 to Dr. Yahya Ali Ahmed Farooqui son of Dr. Zore's colleague Lateef Ahmed Farooqui, Professor of Linguistic division - Persian at Osmania University, Hyderabad and moved to Pakistan in 1964. Likewise, his second daughter Towquir Zore was married to Major Abdul Qayum in Pakistani Army. His youngest daughter Tasneem Zore was graduated in Architectural sciences and was married to an Architect, a British citizen and was moved to England. Dr. Zore's sons stayed in Hyderabad and remain affiliated with his scholarly legacy and work.

Selected works[edit]

  • Jawahar Sukhan [8]
  • Hindustani Lisaniyaat 1932 [9]
  • Nawab Aziz yaar Jang Bahadur Aziz 1935 [10]
  • Muraqqa Sukhan 1935 [11]
  • Muraqqa Sukhan Hyderabad Ke Pachchees Mumtaz Shoray Urdu 1935 [12]
  • Tilassami Taqdeer (Ek Neem Tareekhi Afsana)[13]
  • Golkunde Ke Heere 1937 [14]
  • Fin Insha Pardaazi [15]
  • Gaarsa Dataasi[16]
  • Kulliyat Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah 1940 [17]
  • Sultan Mohammad Qali Qutb Shah 1940
  • Shaad Iqbal 1942
  • Sair-E-Golkunda (Edition-3) 1942
  • Sarguzasht Hatim 1944[18]
  • Gaarsaan Datasi Aur Uske Hum Asar Bhi Khawabaan 1961 [19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Legend of Bhagmati is the Monument's Raison D'etre". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 25 October 2001. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Maurice, Matusowitz (10 March 2012). "Syed Mohiuddin Qadri, 'Zore'- MA, PhD". PR Log. PR Log. Archived from the original (Press Release) on 10 April 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Juma Al Majid Centre to digitise Hyderabad's old Books and manuscripts". YaHind. 2006. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  4. ^ Leonard, Karen Isaksen (2007). Locating Home: India's Hyderabadis Abroad. Stanford University Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-8047-5442-2.
  5. ^ a b Zahur-ud-Din (1985). Development of Urdu language and literature in the Jammu Region. Gulshan Publishers. p. 28. OCLC 12553970.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ K. K. KUSUMAN (1991). "SOUTH INDIAN HISTORY CONGRESS". The Cultural Life of the People of Golconda. Archived from the original on 7 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  8. ^ Sayyid Mohi Uddin Qadri Zore. Jawahar Sukhan. Hyderabad: Matba Auhad Afreen.
  9. ^ Hindustani Lisaniyaat. Hyderabad: Shamsul Islam Press. 1932.
  10. ^ Sayyid MohiUddin Qadri Zore (1935). Mata Sukhan Yaani Intikhab Kalaam Nawab Aziz yaar Jang Bahadur Aziz. Hyderabad: Azam Steam Press.
  11. ^ Muraqqa Sukhan. Hyderabad: Ajam Steam Press. 1935.
  12. ^ Muraqqa Sukhan Hyderabad Ke Pachchees Mumtaz Shoray Urdu. Hyderabad: Ajam Steam Press. 1935.
  13. ^ Tilassami Taqdeer (Ek Neem Tareekhi Afsana). Hyderabad: Maktaba Abr Aheemiya Machine Press. 1937.
  14. ^ Golkunde Ke Heere. Hyderabad: Abr Aheemiya Machine Press. 1937.
  15. ^ Fin Insha Pardaazi. Hyderabad: Azam Steam Press. 1935.
  16. ^ Gaarsa Dataasi. Hyderabad: Sab Ras Kitab Ghar. 1941.
  17. ^ Kulliyat Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah.
  18. ^ Sar Guzasht Hatim. Hyderabad: Azam Steam Press. 1944.
  19. ^ Gaarsaan Datasi Aur Uske Hum Asar Bhi Khawabaan. Hyderabad: Sab Ras Kitab Ghar. 1961.