Sibte Hassan

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Syed Sibt-e-Hasan (Urdu: سید سبط حسن) (31 July 1916 – 20 April 1986) was an eminent scholar, journalist and political activist of Pakistan. He is regarded as one of the pioneers of Socialism and Marxism in Pakistan, as well as the moving spirit behind the Progressive Writers Association.[1][2]


Sibte Hassan was born on 31 July 1916 in kushaha, Ambari, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.[1][3] During his college days he had Amarnath Jha and Firaq Gorakhpuri as teachers, both who would end up as some of India's greatest intellectuals and recipients of the Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award in the country.[4] He graduated from Aligarh Muslim University. For higher studies, he went to Columbia University, US. In 1942, Sibte Hasan joined the Communist Party of India. After partition of India, he migrated to Lahore, Pakistan in 1948. He also served as editor of noted journals including; Naya Adab and Lail-o-Nehar. He died of a heart attack on 20 April 1986 in New Delhi while returning from a conference in India. He was buried in Karachi. His most remarkable work is Musa Se Marx Tak.[1]


  • Musa se Marx tak

For many decades, Musa se Marx Tak was the fundamental guiding texts for the activists and students of the leftist politics of Pakistan. [5]

In Pakistan Main Tehzeeb ka Irtiqa, Hassan wrote on the history of Pakistani people and the country's material and economic basis. It was unlike the history that eulogises rulers and kings.[6]

  • Inqilaab-e-Iran
  • Naveed-e-Fikr
  • Afkaar-e-Taza

This is a book consisting of critical essays on various personalities and answers to critics on various ideas.

  • Adab aur Roshan Khayali
  • Sukhan dar Sukhan
  • The Battle of Ideas in Pakistan
  • Bhagat Singh Aur Us Ky Sathi
  • Marx Aur Mashriq

In this book, he analysed the analysis of Marx and Engels on the eastern traditions and formation of society.


  1. ^ a b c Raza Naeem (31 July 2016). "100 years with Sibte Hassan: Understanding the life and legacy of Sibte Hassan". The News International (newspaper). Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  2. ^ "A steadfast progressive". Dawn (newspaper). 6 April 2005. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  3. ^ Pakistan Chronicle, Aqeel Abbas Jafri, Virsa / Fazlee Sons, Karachi Pakistan, 2010, page 595
  4. ^ Raza Naeem, "Firaq Gorakhpuri as Connoisseur of Beauty", The Friday Times. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  5. ^ "From Moses To Marx - A Tribute To The Great Sibte Hassan". 12 August 2009. Archived from the original on 9 September 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  6. ^ Muhammad Shahzad (20 November 2016). "Faiz festival: Tribute paid to Sibte Hassan". The Express Tribune (newspaper). Retrieved 22 February 2018.