Morton C. Hunter

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Morton Craig Hunter
GenMCHunter.jpg
Morton Craig Hunter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869
Preceded by Ralph Hill
Succeeded by William S. Holman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Preceded by Daniel W. Voorhees
Succeeded by Milton S. Robinson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 8th district
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879
Preceded by James N. Tyner
Succeeded by Abraham J. Hostetler
Personal details
Born (1825-02-05)February 5, 1825
Versailles, Indiana
Died October 25, 1896(1896-10-25) (aged 71)
Bloomington, Indiana
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1862-1865
Rank Union Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brevet Brigadier General
Commands 82nd Indiana Infantry
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps
Battles/wars American Civil War

Morton Craig Hunter (February 5, 1825 – October 25, 1896) was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War who later became a U.S. Representative from Indiana.

Biography[edit]

Morton Hunter was born in Versailles, Indiana and knew the hardships of growing up in a pioneer home. His father John Hunter was a soldier in the War of 1812 and his Scottish immigrant grandfather served in the Revolutionary war. Morton Hunter graduated from the law department of Indiana University at Bloomington in 1849.[1]

After graduating he immediately married and practiced law in Bloomington. In 1858 he was elected to represent Monroe County in the State house of representatives.

In the summer of 1862 in response to Lincoln's call for volunteers, he organized the 82nd Indiana Infantry. On August 27, 1862 he was commissioned a colonel by Governor Oliver Morton. At the Battle of Chickamauga when Confederate Gen. Longstreet routed the right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, Hunter on his own initiative was the first officer to form a new position on Horseshoe ridge that was to become the line that saved the army from destruction. His commanding officer John Connell wrote of Hunter's stubborn resistance on that ridge "which truly and most fortunately changed the fortunes of that disastrous day, and saved the army from worse than defeat.". In the Battle of Missionary Ridge Hunter's 82nd and the 99th Ohio were the first two regiments to attack Bragg's center with orders to halt after taking the Confederate line below Missionary ridge. Not content to be subjected to murderous fire from the high ground, the attacking units charged the ridge, and Hunter's 82nd was the first of his division to gain the summit and occupy the confederate works. The initiative of his and Ohio units collapsing Bragg's center was the pivotal moment of the battle. For his gallantry that day, Hunter received the commendation of his commanders. He was later promoted to command his regiment's brigade (First Brigade, Third Division, Fourteenth Army Corps) under Gen. George Thomas and led his unit on Sherman's March to the Sea. At the end of the war he received a brevet commission as a brigadier general of volunteers. He was honorably discharged June 24, 1865.[2]

Hunter was elected as a Republican to the Fortieth Congress (March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869).

Hunter was elected to the Forty-third, Forty-fourth, and Forty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1879).

After leaving office he operated a quarry in the Indiana limestone district.

He died in Bloomington, Indiana, October 25, 1896 and was interred in Rose Hill Cemetery.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Indiana. Commission for the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Park (1901). Indiana at Chickamauga, 1863-1900: Report of Indiana Commissioners. W. B. Burford. p. 234. 
  2. ^ p 235-236, Indiana at Chickamauga

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ralph Hill
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 3rd congressional district

1867-1869
Succeeded by
William S. Holman
Preceded by
Daniel W. Voorhees
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 6th congressional district

1873-1875
Succeeded by
Milton S. Robinson
Preceded by
James N. Tyner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 8th congressional district

1875-1879
Succeeded by
Abraham J. Hostetler