Muadh ibn Jabal

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Muadh ibn Jabal
Shrine of Muadh ibn Jabal, Jordan 08.JPG
Shrine of Muadh ibn Jabal
Born 603
Medina, Saudi Arabia
Died 639
North Shuna, Jordan
Known for Sahabi, Islamic scholar

Muadh ibn Jabal (Arabic: مُعاذ ابن جبل‎; 603 – 639) was a Sahaba (companion) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[1][2] Muadh was an Ansar of Banu Khazraj and compiled the Quran with five companions while Muhammad was still alive.[1] He was known as the one with a lot of knowledge.[3] He was called by Muhammad "the one who will lead the scholars into Paradise."[4][1]

Biography[edit]

Era of Muhammad[edit]

He accepted Islam before the Second pledge at al-Aqabah. Nevertheless, he was one of those who took the pledge.[4]

Muhammad sent Mu'adh as the governor of Yemen to collect zakat. When Muhammad sent Mu'adh to Yemen to teach its people about Islam, he personally bade farewell to him, walking for some distance alongside him, as he set out to leave the city. It is said that Muhammad informed him that on his return to Medina, he would perhaps see only his Masjid and grave. Upon hearing this, Mu'adh began to cry.

After Muhammad[edit]

When Mu'adh returned to Medina, the Khalifah (head of state) was Abu Bakr. He eventually accompanied Usamah ibn Zayd on the Shami expedition, dying there in 18 Anno Hegirae, due to a plague.[4][5]

Legacy[edit]

The college for the study of Shariah law, at Mosul University in Iraq, is named after him.[6]

Sayings[edit]

Al-Bayhaqi narrated in Shu`ab al-Iman (1:392 #512-513), and so did al-Tabarani, that Mu`adh ibn Jabal narrated that Muhammad said: "The People of Paradise will not regret except one thing alone: the hour that passed them by and in which they made no remembrance of Allah." Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-Haythami in Majma al-Zawa'id (10:74) said that its narrators are all trustworthy (thiqat), while Suyuti declared it hasan in his Jami` al-Saghir (#7701).

Ibn al-Jawzi recorded in Siffatu Safwah that Mu'adh advised his son, "My son! Pray the prayer of he who is just about to leave and imagine that you might not be able to pray ever again. Know that the believer dies between two good deeds; one that he performed and one that he intended to perform later on."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Az-Zirakli 2002.
  2. ^ Ph.D, Coeli Fitzpatrick; Walker, Adam Hani (25 April 2014). "Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God [2 volumes]". ABC-CLIO – via Google Books.
  3. ^ http://www.islamicencyclopedia.org/islamic-pedia-topic.php?id=53
  4. ^ a b c Islamiat for students
  5. ^ Islam Beliefs and Practices
  6. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Archive of Islamic State Administrative Documents (cont.)".

Bibliography[edit]

  • Az-Zirakli, Khairuddin (2002). Al-A'lām (in Arabic). 7 (15 ed.). Beirut: Dar el-Ilm Lilmalayin. pp. 258–9.