Al-Bayhaqi

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Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn al-Bayhaqi
Title Imam al-Bayhaqi
Born Ramadan 384 AH / October 994
Bayhaq, now Sabzevar, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran
Died 10 Jumadi al-Awwal, 458 AH/ 9 April 1066 (aged 72)
Nishapur, now Khorasan, Iran
Era Islamic golden age
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Shafi'i[1]
Creed Ash'ari [2][3][4][5]
Main interest(s) Hadith, Shafi'i fiqh
Notable work(s) Sunan al-Kubra, Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat

Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn Ibn 'Alī ibn Mūsa al-Khosrojerdi al-Bayhaqi (Arabic) , البيهقي also known as Imām al-Bayhaqi was born 994 CE/384 AH in the small town of Khosrowjerd near Sabzevar, then known as Bayhaq, in Khurasan.[8] During his lifetime, he became a famous Sunni hadith expert, following the Shafi'i school in fiqh and the Ash'ari school of Islamic theology.[2][3][4]

Biography[edit]

Al-Bayhaqi's full name is أحمد بن الحسين بن علي بن موسى الخراساني البيهقي المشهور بالبيهقي.

Al-Bayhaqi was a scholar of fiqh of the Shafi'i school of thought, as well as of that of hadith. He studied fiqh under Abū al-Fatḥ Nāṣir ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn Muḥammad al-Naysaburi as well as Abul Hasan Hankari. He also studied hadith under Hakim al-Nishaburi, Abu Mansur Al-Baghdadi and others, and was al-Nishaburi's foremost pupil. He died in 1066 CE.[citation needed]

Works[edit]

Bayhaqi was a prominent author in his time, having authored more than one thousand volumes according to Al-Dhahabi.[9] Among the most well-known books authored by him are:

  • Al-Sunan al-Kubra, commonly known as Sunan al-Bayhaqi
  • Ma`arifa al-Sunan wa al-Athar (sometimes referred to as Al-Sunan al-Wusta[10])
  • Bayan Khata Man Akhta`a `Ala al-Shafi`i (The Exposition of the Error of Those who have Attributed Error to al-Shafi`i)
  • Al-Mabsut, a book on Shafi`i Law
  • Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat (The Divine Names and Attributes)
  • Al-I`tiqad `ala Madhhab al-Salaf Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama`a
  • Dala'il al-Nubuwwah (The Signs of Prophethood)
  • Shu`ab al-Iman (The branches of faith)
  • Al-Da`awat al-Kabir (The Major Book of Supplications)
  • Al-Zuhd al-Kabir (The Major Book of Asceticism)

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.C. Brown, Jonathan (2014). Misquoting Muhammad: The Challenge and Choices of Interpreting the Prophet's Legacy. Oneworld Publications. p. 105. ISBN 978-1780744209.
  2. ^ a b Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  3. ^ a b Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch., eds. (1960). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 90-04-08114-3.
  4. ^ a b Holtzman, Livnat. "Does God Really Laugh?" - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185.
  5. ^ Brown, Jonathan (2013). The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon (Islamic History and Civilization). Brill. p. 219. ISBN 9004158391.
  6. ^ Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam, By Scott C. Lucas, pg. 98
  7. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=RwPnCAAAQBAJ&pg=PA197&lpg=PA197&dq=abu+mansur+al+baghdadi+teacher+of+al+bayhaqi&source=bl&ots=fsSctRrQGT&sig=Ex3dJvQCPQ3GADkfYFcOhT82Aes&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjni_Xlq-DOAhUOgx4KHYVYATMQ6AEIKDAC#v=onepage&q=abu%20mansur%20al%20baghdadi%20teacher%20of%20al%20bayhaqi&f=false
  8. ^ Imam Bayhaqi
  9. ^ "The Classification of Hadith, by Dr. Suhaib Hassan". Archived from the original on 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2009-07-22.
  10. ^ http://baladmhwir.blogspot.com/2013/02/wer-ist-shaykh-al-islam-al-hafiz-abu.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)