Mubarak Ali Khan (Nawab of Bengal)

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Mubarak Ali Khan
Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (Nawab of Bengal)
Mutamid ul-Mulk (Guardian of the country)
Mubarak ud-Daulah (Auspicious of the state)
Firuz Jang (Victor in war)
Mubaraq ud-Daulah.jpg
Reign 21 March 1770 – 6 September 1793
Coronation 26 March 1770 (12 years old)
Predecessor Ashraf Ali Khan
Successor Baber Ali Khan
Born 1759 (Probably)
Died 6 September 1793
Issue 12 sons and 15 daughters
Dynasty Najafi
Father Mir Ja'afar
Mother Babbu Begum
Religion Islam

Sayyid Mubarak Ali Khan (1759 – 6 September 1793), better known as Mubarak ud-Daulah (spelled also as: Mubarak ud-Daula), was the Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. He was the son of Mir Jafar and Babbu Begum.

He ascended the throne on 21 March 1770 after his half-brother, Ashraf Ali Khan's death on 10 March 1770. Mubarak Ali Khan was succeeded by his son, Babar Ali Khan after his death on 6 September 1793.

Life[edit]

Early years[edit]

Mubarak ud-Daula Nawab of Murshidabad

Nawab Nazim Mubarak Ali Khan, better known as Mubarak ud-Daulah was the son of Mir Jafar by Babbu Begum. He succeeded his half brother, Ashraf Ali Khan, at the age of 12 years, after Ashraf Ali Khan's death on 24 March 1770. Warren Hastings appointed Mubarak ud-Daulah's stepmother, Munny Begum, his guardian though, his mother Babbu Begum was alive. The reason that why the guardianship was not given Babbu Begum has never been satisfactorily explained.[citation needed]

Later years[edit]

Nawab Nazim Mubarak ud-Daulah (enthroned) with his son, Baber Ali Khan in the Nawab's Durbar with British Resident, Sir John Hadley. Inscribed on the back in ink and pencil is: 'Nabob's Durbar and reception of the English Resident at Morshedabad'.

In 1790, the Queen of the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, asked, through Lord Cornwallis, for one of Nawab Mubarak ud-Daulah's daughters in marriage with her son. The Nawab rejected the offer in the following terms, in a letter to Lord Cornwallis:

Please request the Queen to pass over the matter. I cannot, by any means, accede to the proposal. there are many obstacles in the matter. Moreover, there is a longstanding usage in my family, that our daughters can never be given in marriage to any one other than Sayyids. If I act contrary to this, my family custom, I shall be ruined. At all events, my mother and I cannot accept the offer.
—Nawab Nazim Mubarak ud-Daulah of Bengal

Although, the Nawab, then had 13 daughters, and to some extent regarded himself as a servant of the Emperor, he, for family reasons, did not allow the marriage of one of the 13 with even such an honourable prince as the Prince of Delhi.

Death and succession[edit]

Nawab Nazim Mubarak ud-Daulah died on 6 September 1793. He was succeeded by his son, Baber Ali Khan after his death.

Marriage[edit]

Principal wives[edit]

The following are the principal wives of Nawab Nazim Mubarak Ali Khan:

Name Marriage Place Marriage Date Parent/Other Other names Birth Birth Place Death Death Place Burial Place Notes
(Unknown) Murshidabad Fort November 1770 Father: Muhammad Fazl Ali Khan Bahadur
Uncle: Sayyid Muhammad Reza Khan (Naib Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa)
N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
Faiz-un-nisa Walida Begum N.A. N.A. Father: Fazlullah Khan
Mother: Nadira Begum
Maternal Grandfather: Mirza Hafizullah Khan
N.A. 1756 N.A. 30 December 1820 Murshidabad Jafarganj Cemetery She was a Gaddinashin Begum.
Jahan Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
Amir-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

Mut‘ah wives[edit]

The following are the mut‘ah wives of Nawab Nazim Mubarak Ali Khan:

Name Other names Death Death Place
Sharaf-un-nisa Khanum N.A. Before December 1833 Murshidabad
Mubarak-un-nisa Khanum Nawab Bai N.A. N.A.
Lutf-un-nisa Khanum N.A. N.A. N.A.
Bunnu Khanum N.A. N.A. N.A.
Brij Mahal Bakhsh N.A. N.A. N.A.
Adda Kunwar N.A. 14 April 1838 Murshidabad

Children[edit]

The following is the list of the children of Nawab Nazim Mubarak Ali Khan:

Name Other names Birth Birth Place Death Death Place Spouse Mother Sex
Sayyid Baber Ali Khan Bahadur N.A. N.A. N.A. 28 April 1810 N.A. Babbu Begum Sahiba and 1 more. Faiz-un-nisa Begum Boy
Sayyid Abdul Qasim Khan Bahadur Mir Mungli N.A. N.A. 30 September 1830 Murshidabad Izzat-un-nisa,
Guhan,
Sultan Qajah Sari,
and
Mul Jan
Sharaf-un-nisa Boy
Sayyid Husain Ali Khan Bahadur Mukram ul-Mulk
Iftiqar ud-Daulah
Firuz Jang
N.A. N.A. 31 August 1810 Murshidabad N.A. Nawab Bai Boy
Mir Mehndi N.A. N.A. N.A. February 1826 Murshidabad N.A. Lutf-un-nisa Khanum Boy
Sayyid Tamiz Abidin Ali Khan Bahadur Najam ul-Mulk
Roshan ud-Daulah
Nasir Jang
N.A. N.A. 9 September 1840 Rajabazar Deori, Murshidabad (Unknown) (Unknown) Boy
Sayyid Mir Muhammad Ali Khan Bahadur N.A. N.A. N.A. Before 20 June 1827 (Unknown) (Unknown) Mubarak-un-nisa Khanum Boy
Sayyid Zainal-Abidin Ali Khan Bahadur N.A. N.A. N.A. February 1826 Murshidabad (Unknown) Sharaf-un-nisa Boy
Sayyid Abdul Husain Ali Khan Bahadur N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Lutf-un-nisa Khanum Boy
Sayyid Zulfikar Ali Khan Bahadur Nawab Jan
Zulfikar ud-Daulah
N.A. N.A. 12 November 1840 Murshidabad (Unknown) Nawab Bai Boy
Sayyid Nasir-ud-din Haidar Khan Bahadur N.A. N.A. N.A. 23 May 1821 Murshidabad N.A. (Unknown) Boy
Sayyid Ali Reza Khan Bahadur Maulvi Sahib N.A. N.A. June 1813 Murshidabad N.A. (Unknown) Boy
Sayyid Ahmed Ali Khan Bahadur Mir Mughal Sahib N.A. N.A. June 1816 Murshidabad N.A. (Unknown) Boy
Zinat-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Sharaf-un-nisa Khanum Girl
Hayat-un-nisa Begum Sahiba Rabia Begum N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. (Unknown) Girl
Mubarak-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. Before 5 May 1827 Murshidabad N.A. Faiz-un-nisa Walida Begum Girl
Badr-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. 13 September 1856 Dacca N.A. Faiz-un-nisa Walida Begum Girl
Lutf-un-nisa Begum Sahiba Sahibzadi Begum N.A. N.A. 18 August 1846 Murshidabad N.A. Faiz-un-nisa Walida Begum Girl
Said-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. (Unknown) Girl
Dudur-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. (Unknown) Girl
Afzal-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Lutf-un-nisa Khanum Girl
Fakhr-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. (Unknown) Girl
Rahim-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. 17 December 1844 Murshidabad N.A. Lutf-un-nisa Khanum Girl
Jigri-Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. 13 January 1859 Murshidabad N.A. Mubarak-un-nisa Khanum Girl
Saleh-un-nisa Begum Sahiba Moti Begum N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Amin ul-Mulk, Sarfaraz ud-Daulah, Sayyid Daud Ali Khan Bahadur, son of Mumtaz ud-Daulah, Sayyid Abdul Qasim Khan Bahadur, bu his wife, Moti Begum. Faiz-un-nisa Walida Begum Girl
Nur-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. 25 June 1846 Murshidabad N.A. (Unknown) Girl
Umdat-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. mursidabad. 10 November 1842 (rajmahal,jharkhand) Sayyid Talib Husain khan Bahadur, son of Mumtaz-ud-Daulah, Sayyid Abdul Qasim Khan Bahadur of Raj Mahal (Royal Palace). Brij Mahal Bakhsh Girl
Wahid-un-nisa Begum Sahiba N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Girl

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Mubarak Ali Khan (Nawab of Bengal)
Born: 1759 Died: September 6, 1793
Preceded by
Ashraf Ali Khan
Nawab of Bengal
21 March 1770 – 6 September 1793
Succeeded by
Baber Ali Khan