Najibabad

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Najibabad
Town
Najibabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Najibabad
Najibabad
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Najibabad is located in India
Najibabad
Najibabad
Najibabad (India)
Coordinates: 29°38′N 78°20′E / 29.63°N 78.33°E / 29.63; 78.33Coordinates: 29°38′N 78°20′E / 29.63°N 78.33°E / 29.63; 78.33
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictBijnor
Government
 • Type
  • MLA: Shri Tasleem (BSP)
  • Chairman: Mohammad Moujjam Khan
Elevation
295 m (968 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total88,535
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
246763
Telephone code01341
Vehicle registrationUP-20

Najibabad is a town and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It has a railway junction and is one of the administrative blocks of the Bijnor district. It is well connected to all major cities of India by roadways via NH 119 and NH 74 respectively and also by various trains.

Geography[edit]

Najibabad is located at 29°38′N 78°20′E / 29.63°N 78.33°E / 29.63; 78.33.[2] It has an average elevation of 295.5 metres (1014 feet).

People's representative[edit]

The current Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) from Najibabad is Tasleem Ahmed . The current Municipal board chairman is Mohammad Moazzam Khan.[3] Najibabad is part of Nagina parliamentary constituency, and current Member of Parliament is Yashwant Singh (BJP).

History[edit]

Nawab Najib-ud-Daula, also known as Najib Khan was a noted Rohilla Muslim warrior and serviceman of both the Mughal Empire and the Durrani empire, Nawab Najib-ud- Daula was a noted Rohilla tribal chief in 18th century Rohilkhand, who in the 1740s founded the city of Najibabad in Bijnor district, India where he established the present day city of Najibabad, a state of Najibabad independent from Rohilla tribes, and received the title, "Nawab Najib-ud-Daulla". From 1757 to 1770 he was governor of Saharanpur, ruling over Dehradun.Many architectural relics of the period of Rohilla he oversaw remain in Najibabad, which he founded at the height of his career as a Mughal minister. He succeed Safdarjung as Grand Wazir of the Mughal Empire and was a devoted serviceman of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II later in his career he was known as Nawab Najib-ud-Doula.[4]

According to George Foster ("A Journey from Bengal to England", 1790):

Najibuddaulah, who built this town, saw that its situation would facilitate the commerce of Kashmir, which having been diverted from its former channel of Lahore and Delhi, by the inroads of Sicques [Sikhs], Maharattas and Afgans, took course through the mountains at the head of the Punjab, and was introduced into the Rohilla (country) through the Lall Dong Pass. This inducement, with the desire of establishing a mart for the Hindoos of the adjacent mountains, probably influenced the choice of this spot, which otherwise is not favourable for the site of a capital town being low, and surrounded by swampy grounds…. since the death of its founder, Najibabad had fallen from its former importance and seems now chiefly upheld by the languishing trade of Kashmir.”[5]

After the death of Najib-u-Daula, he was succeeded by his son Zabita Khan. His cemetery is still in present day Najibabad.

In Najibabad, there was a fort of great Sultana Daku or "The Sultan Bandit". The fort is still situated in Najibabad.

Najibabad city also known as "GATEWAY OF HIMALAYAS" and "shehro ka shehar".[citation needed]

Najibabad is also the native place of the illustrious Sahu Jain family - brothers Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain and Shreyans Prasad Jain and their nephew Sahu Ramesh Chandra Jain were born here. The descendants of the Sahu Jain family own the Times Group and its parent company, Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. That runs the world's largest selling newspaper.[citation needed]

Forts and monuments[edit]

Najibabad has four sites protected by the Archaeological Survey of India :[6]

  • Cemetery of Nawab Najib-ud-Daula
  • Pathargarh Fort built by Najib-ud-Daula (Famous by Sultana Daku ka Qila)
  • Portion of the old Rohilla Palace (called is Thanna)
  • Tomb of Nawab Najib-ud-Daula

Other historical sites include:

  • Jama Masjid
  • Mordhaj also known as Munawar Jar with lofty mound Called chaar minar
  • Nanhe Miya Ground in Pai bagh street
  • Shah Vilayat Dargah (Mubarakpur, Kalheri)
  • Kamal Shah Dargah(kalheri)

Industries[edit]

The main Industries of the city are:

  • Mansarovar Bottling Company
  • Thums up factory
  • Alamdar saw mills Pvt Ltd.
  • Chandra Kaththa Industries Ltd.
  • Mansarovar Paper Mills Ltd.
  • Badri-Kedar Paper mills ltd.
  • Indian oil, HP, Bharat Petroleum Depot.
  • JMK International Industries
  • Kohinoor Bangle Store.
  • Kohinoor Shopping Complex.
  • National Shoes Company

Najibabad also has an All India Radio centre. The town is an important trade centre for timber, sugar and grain. There are manufacturing units which deal with metal, shoes, blankets, shawls and cotton

Demographics[edit]

In 1901, Najibabad had a population of 19,568. Even today, several architectural remains of Rohilla magnificence can be found within the city

The Najibabad Nagar Palika Parishad has a population of 88,535 of which 46,372 are males while 42,163 are females as per the report released by Census India 2011.

The population of Children with age of 0-6 is 12697 which is 14.34% of the total population of Najibabad (NPP). In Najibabad Nagar Palika Parishad, Female Sex Ratio is of 909 against the state average of 912. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Najibabad is around 879 compared to Uttar Pradesh state average of 902. The literacy rate of Najibabad city is 67.46% lower than the state average of 67.68%. In Najibabad, Male literacy is around 71.12% while the female literacy rate is 63.45%.

Education[edit]

Najibabad has a number of schools & Colleges. The colleges in the city include:

  • M.D.S Inter College (U.P Board)
  • Murti Devi Kanya Inter College(U.P. Board)
  • Imperial International School (C.B.S.E affiliated School)
  • Islamic vision school (IVS)
  • Krist Jayanti School.(C.B.S.E)
  • Gurukul International School (C.B.S.E)
  • Walia Globle Academy (C.B.S.E)
  • Moolchand Public school (C.B.S.E )
  • Chandra shekhar ITI.
  • Najibabad Private ITI.
  • St. Mary's School.(I.C.S.E)
  • Modern Public School (C.B.S.E)
  • R.R Morarka Public SChool(C.B.S.E).
  • Acharya R.N.Kela Inter College (U.P.Board)
  • Qasmiya Inter College (U.P. Education Board)
  • Government Inter College "GIC" (U.P Board)
  • Shri Guru Ram Rai Public School(C.B.S.E)
  • Shreya Public School(C.B.S.E)
  • iqra international school(c.b.s.c.)

Degree Colleges:

  • North India College of Higher education
  • Sahu Jain Degree College
  • SSD College of Higher education
  • Rama Jain Degree College
  • Najibabad Degree College
  • North India Group of Law
  • Grater Valley group of institute

Engineering Colleges

  • North India Institute of Technology
  • Institute of Information Technology & Science
  • Indian Institute Of Distance Education And Learning
  • Aisha paramedical college

Villages Under Vikas Khand/Tahsil Najibabad[edit]

kiratpur, mahavatpur billoch[sultana ka kila], Sahanpur, Jalalabad, Sikandarpur basi, Guniyapur, Gajraula Paimar, mirampur bega, Himayoupur Iddu, Sabhachandpur Mohan urf Makhwara, Padarathpur, Issepur, Sikroda, Lalpur, Samipur, Chandanpura, Badiya, Rajpur Nawada, Raipur, Jogirampuri, kawariwala urf hakimpur qazi Kalanpur Buzurg Urf Bahupura & Mouzam pur tulsi urf(Garhi)dhanora(Adarsh nagar) (Subhash nagar), Bashirpur, Najibabad, Nangla Ubbhan (Ubbhanwala) & Sheikhpurgaru (Himalayan colony), Shahnawaz Pur (Alias Kharampur) & Alawalpur Nenu, Bhaguwala, Mandawli Shakarpuri, Jwali lala (jwali Khurd), Rasoolpur Said(Saidpuri). And other Villages

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Najibabad
  3. ^ Public Representative - MLA Archived 5 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine Bijnor district Official website.
  4. ^ History of Najibabad, About Najibabad blogspot, 10 November 2012.
  5. ^ Mehra, Priya Ravish, "'Rafoogari' of Najibabad", Textile Society of America Symposium Proceedings, 456, pp. 260–268
  6. ^ List of Monuments - Agra Circle, Uttar Pradesh Archaeological Survey of India website.

External links[edit]