Nicholas O'Conor

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Sir Nicholas O'Conor
Nicholas Roderick O'Conor.jpg
Born
Nicholas Roderick O'Conor

3 July 1843
Died19 February 1908
OccupationDiplomat, Ambassador
Spouse(s)Minna Margaret Hope-Scott
ChildrenFearga, Muriel, Eileen
Parent(s)Patrick. A. C. O'Conor and Jane O'Conor (nee Ffrench)

Sir Nicholas Roderick O'Conor GCB GCMG PC (Irish: Nioclás Ruairí Ó Conchobhair Donn 1843 – 19 March 1908) was an Anglo-Irish diplomat. When he died, Sir Nicholas was the British Ambassador to Turkey.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born, the youngest of three sons, to Patrick A. C. O'Conor and Jane French, into a cadet branch of the Catholic O'Conor Don family of County Roscommon. He was raised on his family estate Dun Dermot on the Roscommon-County Galway border. He was educated at Stonyhurst College.

Career[edit]

Nicholas Roderick O'Conor. Russia, Saint-Petersburg, 1895-1898

O'Conor entered the diplomatic service in 1866. In his early years, he was attached to the Embassy in Berlin, achieving the rank of Third Secretary in 1870. He served as Secretary at the Hague, Madrid. Rio de Janeiro, and Paris. He was trained in the diplomatic service by Richard Lyons, 1st Viscount Lyons,[2] and was a member of the Tory-sympathetic 'Lyons School' of British diplomacy.[3] He was Secretary and Chargé d'Affaires at Peking and Washington, Political Agent and Consul-General in Bulgaria.[4]

Head of Mission[edit]

O'Conor's first ministerial appointment was at the British Legation at Peking.[1]

  • 1892: In Seoul, O'Conor was the British Minister to the Empire of Korea.[5]
  • 1895: In St. Petersburg, he was Ambassador of His Britannic Majesty in the Imperial court of the Russian Czar.[6]
  • 1898: In Constantinople, he was Ambassador to the Court of the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

In 1896, O'Conor was made a Privy Counsellor.

O'Conor died in Constantinople following hemorrhage of the stomach. He was the first British Ambassador to die in post in Turkey since Sir Edward Barton, Ambassador of Queen Elizabeth I to Sultan Mehmet III, died in 1598 at the Panagia Apsinthiotissa (now in Cyprus).[7]

Family[edit]

He was married to Minna Margaret Hope-Scott, daughter of James Robert Hope-Scott, Q.C. (1812–1873) and Lady Victoria Hope-Scott (1840–1870). They had three daughters:

His eldest daughter Fearga Victoria Mary O'Conor (b. 1892, d. 22 Mar 1969) married Rear-Admiral Malcolm Raphael Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Scott, son of Hon. Joseph Constable-Maxwell-Scott and Mary Monica Hope-Scott, on 6 September 1918. She died on 22 March 1969. They had three children. 1. Sir Michael Fergus Constable-Maxwell-Scott, 13th Bt. of the Constable Maxwell-Scott baronets (b. 23 Jul 1921, d. 29 Nov 1989) 2. Elizabeth Mary Constable-Maxwell-Scott (b. 28 May 1924, d. 1991) 3. Ian Malcolm Constable-Maxwell-Scott (b. 18 July 1927, d. 27 November 1993)

His second daughter, Muriel Margaret Minna O'Conor (b. 1894) married Charles Joseph Nevile, son of Ralph Henry Christopher Nevile, on 21 April 1919.

In 1918, at the Brompton Oratory, his youngest daughter Eileen Winifred Madeleine O'Conor (1897-1963) married Prince Matyla Ghyka (1881–1965) of Romania.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sir Nicholas O'Conor Dead," New York Times. 20 March 1908.
  2. ^ Otte, T. G. (2011). The Foreign Office Mind: The Making of British Foreign Policy: 1865 – 1914. pp. 138–139.
  3. ^ Otte, T. G. (2011). The Foreign Office Mind: The Making of British Foreign Policy: 1865 – 1914. pp. 155–156.
  4. ^ Obituary, Roscommon People, March, 1908
  5. ^ Korean Mission to the Conference on the Limitation of Armament, Washington, D.C., 1921-1922. (1922). Korea's Appeal, p. 32., p. 32, at Google Books
  6. ^ "Turkey and the Powers," New York Times. 13 October 1895.
  7. ^ "Obituary: Death of Sir Nicholas O'Conor". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 20 March 1908. p. 13.
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Frank Lascelles
British Ambassador to Russia
1896 – 1898
Succeeded by
Charles Stewart Scott
Preceded by
Philip Currie
Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
1898 – 1908
Succeeded by
Sir George Head Barclay