Nordhausen (district)

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Nordhausen
District
Coat of arms of Nordhausen
Coat of arms
Thuringia NDH.svg
Country Germany
StateThuringia
CapitalNordhausen
Government
 • District admin.Matthias Jendricke (SPD)
Area
 • Total713.92 km2 (275.65 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total84,697
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationNDH
Websitewww.landratsamt-nordhausen.de

Nordhausen is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise): Harz and Mansfeld-Südharz in Saxony-Anhalt; Kyffhäuserkreis and Eichsfeld in Thuringia; and Göttingen and Goslar in Lower Saxony.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1815, when the Prussian province of Saxony was created. The area of Lohra-Clettenberg (the former dukedom County Hohnstein) and the previously free imperial city of Nordhausen were thereafter administrated together. In 1882-3 Nordhausen left the district, which led to its renaming as the Kreis Grafschaft Hohenstein (district county of Hohenstein) in 1888. After World War II the name reverted to Landkreis Nordhausen, and in 1950 the city of Nordhausen was reincorporated into the district. In the administrative reform of 1952 several municipalities changed districts: a number were transferred from the district of Sangerhausen to that of Nordhausen, while others were transferred from Nordhausen to the districts of Worbis, Wernigerode, Sondershausen, and Sangerhausen.

Geography[edit]

The district is located in the southern foothills of the Harz mountains. The highest point is the Große Ehrenberg, with an elevation of 635.3 m above sea level. The main river in the district is the Zorge. To the south lie the Dün, Hainleite, and Windleite ranges of hills.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The checkered red-silver part of the coat of arms is derived from the coat of arms of the County of Hohenstein, the historical territory to which the district belonged. The broken tree trunk symbolizes the destruction of the city of Nordhausen during World War II, while the new branch growing into the golden area stands for the city's reconstruction and its bright new future.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Verwaltungsgemeinschaft-free towns and municipalities
  1. Bleicherode
  2. Ellrich
  3. Heringen
  4. Nordhausen
  1. Etzelsrode
  2. Friedrichsthal
  3. Görsbach
  4. Harztor
  5. Hohenstein
  6. Kehmstedt
  7. Kleinbodungen
  8. Kraja
  9. Lipprechterode
  10. Niedergebra
  11. Sollstedt
  12. Urbach
  13. Werther
Verwaltungsgemeinschaft

1. Hainleite

  1. Großlohra
  2. Hainrode
  3. Kleinfurra
  4. Nohra
  5. Wipperdorf
  6. Wolkramshausen1
1seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft;2town

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, Gemeinschaftsfreie Gemeinde, erfüllende/beauftragende Gemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaft/Mitgliedsgemeinden in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′N 10°45′E / 51.5°N 10.75°E / 51.5; 10.75