Norman Blake (American musician)
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|Birth name||Norman Blake|
|Born||March 10, 1938 (age 78)
|Genres||Bluegrass, folk, country|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, violin, mandolin, dobro, banjo, mandocello|
|Labels||Rounder, Flying Fish, Takoma, Shanachie, Red House, Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee Recording Co.|
Norman Blake (born March 10, 1938, Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States) is an American instrumentalist, vocalist, and songwriter. In a career spanning more than 60 years Blake has played in a number of folk and country groups. He is considered one of the leading figures in the bluegrass revival of the 1970s and is still active today, playing concert dates and making albums with his wife Nancy Blake.
When he was one year old, his family moved to Sulphur Springs, Alabama where he was raised.
Norman Blake quit school at age 16 to play mandolin in a band. His first band, The Dixieland Drifters, played the Tennessee Barndance on WNOX Radio in Knoxville, TN. A disc was issued on the B.B. label in June, 1958 (The Trot c/w Walk Easy). Later, they went to WDOD Radio, and from there to WROM-TV in Rome, GA where they stayed until 1956. Norman then worked with banjoist Bob Johnson as The Lonesome Travellers. They joined with Walter Forbes in making two records for RCA. In 1959, Norman left those groups to go with Hylo Brown and the Timberliners, although he continued as a duet with Bob Johnson in making several guest appearances on WSM's Grand Ole Opry.
At that time, Norman was drafted and stationed in the Panama Canal as a radio operator. There he formed the Fort Kobbe Mountaineers, a bluegrass band in which Norman played the fiddle and mandolin. They were voted Best Instrumental Group of the Caribbean Command, with Norman voted Best Instrumentalist.
Upon returning to the United States, Norman taught guitar and played the fiddle in a country and western dance band three or four nights a week. He also made frequent trips to Nashville to play sessions and, for a time, played as a member of June Carter's road group.
In 1969, Norman moved to Nashville to do the Johnny Cash Summer TV show. Along with country and western sessions, Norman recorded with Bob Dylan on The Nashville Skyline album. He was a member of Kris Kristofferson's first road group, playing guitar and dobro, and did a seasonal tour with Joan Baez, playing mandolin, guitar, and dobro; Norman recorded with both groups. He left Kristofferson to join and record with John Hartford's Aereoplane Band. After that band dissolved, Norman toured with John Hartford as his accompanist for 1 1/2 years, during which time he recorded his first solo album, Home in Sulphur Springs. He also received a gold record for his participation on the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band's legendary, Will the Circle be Unbroken album.
In the ensuing years, Norman and his wife Nancy Blake have toured extensively, playing to larger and more dedicated audiences. Again, Frets Magazine Readers Poll Awards voted Norman first place, this time in the category of Best Multi-Instrumentalist of 1986. Since 1989, the Blake's have received four Grammy nominations in the "Best Traditional Folk Recording of the Year" category for their projects, Blind Dog, their Shanachie debut Just Gimme Somethin' I'm Used To, and Shanachie releases While Passing Along This Way and The Hobo's Last Ride.
Although known as one of the most prominent acoustic guitar flatpickers, Norman Blake is a multi-instrumentalist and vocalist. Other instruments he plays include the mandolin, 6-string banjo, fiddle, dobro, banjo and viola. He is known for his loose right hand guitar technique, which arose out of his mandolin technique. Also well known is his devotion to 12 fret guitars, including Martin 00s, 000s, D18s, D28s, and, most recently, Gibsons, like his 1929 12 fret Nick Lucas special.
Blake is best known for his work with John Hartford, Tony Rice, and his wife, Nancy Blake. He has played backup for Johnny Cash, June Carter, Bob Dylan, Steve Earle, Kris Kristofferson, Ralph Stanley, and Joan Baez. Blake also played on the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band album, Will the Circle Be Unbroken, for which he received a Gold Record..
Blake is listed in the credits of the Bob Dylan album Nashville Skyline and the Johnny Cash album Orange Blossom Special. He was featured on the Steve Earle comeback album Train A' Comin' and on the multi-platinum O Brother Where Art Thou? soundtrack, which ignited new interest in old time music and won a Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 2002. Blake participated in the "Down from the Mountain" tour which resulted. Blake also played on the 2007 album Raising Sand by Robert Plant and Alison Krauss, which won five Grammy Awards.
Most of the music that Norman Blake plays could be described as neo-traditionalist Americana folk and roots music (folk, bluegrass, country, blues), and many of the songs he plays are traditional, but he plays this acoustic type of music with a style, speed, and quality that has evolved and progressed in the modern age. Though probably best known for his fluid renditions of classic fiddle tunes transcribed for the guitar (Fiddler's Dram / Whiskey Before Breakfast), Blake has also written songs that have become bluegrass and folk standards, such as "Ginseng Sullivan" from Back Home in Sulphur Springs, "Slow Train through Georgia", "Billy Gray," and "Church Street Blues".
- Back Home in Sulphur Springs (Rounder, 1972)
- The Fields of November (Flying Fish, 1974)
- Old and New (Flying Fish, 1975)
- Norman Blake/Tut Taylor/Sam Bush/Butch Robins/Vassar Clements/David Holland/Jethro Burns (Flying Fish, 1976)
- Live at McCabe's (Takoma, 1976)
- Norman Blake and Red Rector (Country, 1976)
- Whiskey Before Breakfast (Rounder, 1976)
- Blackberry Blossom (Flying Fish, 1977)
- Directions (Takoma, 1978)
- Rising Fawn String Ensemble (Rounder, 1979)
- Full Moon on the Farm (Rounder, 1981)
- Original Underground Music from the Mysterious South (Rounder, 1983)
- Nashville Blues (Rounder, 1984)
- Lighthouse on the Shore (Rounder, 1985)
- The Norman & Nancy Blake Compact Disc (Rounder, 1986)
- Natasha's Waltz (Rounder, 1987)
- Slow Train through Georgia (Rounder, 1987)
- Blake & Rice (Rounder, 1987)
- Blind Dog (Rounder, 1988)
- Norman Blake and Tony Rice 2 (Rounder, 1990)
- The Fields of November/Old and New (Flying Fish, 1992)
- Just Gimme Somethin' I'm Used To (Shanachie, 1992)
- While Passing Along This Way (Shanachie, 1994)
- The Hobo's Last Ride (Shanachie, 1996)
- Chattanooga Sugar Babe (Shanachie, 1998)
- Be Ready Boys: Appalachia to Abilene - with Rich O'Brien (Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee, 1999)
- Far Away, Down on a Georgia Farm (Shanachie, 1999)
- Flower From the Fields of Alabama (Shanachie, 2001)
- Old Ties (Rounder, 2002)
- Meeting on Southern Soil (Red House, 2002)
- The Morning Glory Ramblers (Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee, 2004)
- Back Home in Sulphur Springs [Norman & Nancy Blake] (Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee, 2006)
- Shacktown Road (Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee, 2007)
- Look A-Yonder Comin' (State Archives of Florida, 2008) (A bluegrass compilation featuring Norman and Nancy Blake)
- Rising Fawn Gathering (Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee, 2009)
- Sleepy Eyed Joe (2009)
- Green Light on the Southern (Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee, 2010)
- "Wood, Wire & Words" (Plectrafone Records/Western Jubilee, 2015)
Blake appears on the following soundtracks as either musician or arranger:
- O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000) (Mercury 088170)
- Cold Mountain (2003) (DMZ / Columbia 86843)
- Walk the Line (2005) (Wind-Up Records)
- Inside Llewyn Davis (2013) (Nonesuch Records)
- Norman Blake's Guitar Techniques No. 1 (Homespun, 1990 VHS, 2003 DVD)
- Mandolin of Norman Blake (Homespun, 1992 VHS, 2005 DVD)
- My Dear Old Southern Home (Shanachie, 1994 VHS, 2003 DVD)
- Legends of Flatpicking Guitar (Vestapol, 1995 VHS, 2001 DVD)
- The Video Collection 1980–1995 (Vestapol, 1996 VHS, 2004 DVD)
- Great Guitar Lessons – Bluegrass Flatpicking (Homespun, 2000 VHS, 2006 DVD)
- Norman Blake's Guitar Techniques No. 2 (Homespun, 2001, 2003 DVD)
-  Archived October 31, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Stambler, Irwin The Encyclopedia of Folk, Country & Western Music, second edition (St. Martins Press New York, 1983) p 50.
-  Archived September 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- CD notes from The Fields of November, Flying Fish Records FF 70064, 1992
-  Archived January 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.