Norman Blake (American musician)
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|Birth name||Norman L. Blake|
March 10, 1938 (age 80)|
Chattanooga, Tennessee, U.S.
|Genres||Bluegrass, folk, country|
|Instruments||Guitar, mandolin, six-string banjo, fiddle. dobro, banjo, viola|
|Labels||Rounder, Flying Fish, Takoma, Shanachie, Red House, Plectrafone/Western Jubilee|
|Associated acts||Johnny Cash, Kris Kristofferson|
Norman Blake (born March 10, 1938) is a traditional American stringed instrument artist and songwriter.
Blake was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and grew up in Sulphur Springs, Alabama. He listened to old-time and country music on the radio by the Carter Family, the Skillet Lickers, Roy Acuff, and the Monroe Brothers (Charlie and Bill Monroe). He learned guitar at age 11 or 12, then mandolin, dobro, and fiddle in his teens. When he was 16, he dropped out of school to play music professionally.
In the 1950s, Blake joined the Dixieland Drifters and performed on radio broadcasts, then joined the Lonesome Travelers. When he was drafted in 1961, he served as an Army radio operator in the Panama Canal. He started a popular band known as the Kobbe Mountaineers. A year later, while he was on leave, he recorded the album Twelve Shades of Bluegrass with the Lonesome Travelers.
Nashville and Johnny Cash
After being discharged from the Army, Blake moved to Nashville and became a studio musician. For ten years, he toured and recorded with country singer Johnny Cash and continued to play with Cash intermittently over the next thirty. He met Nancy Short, a cellist with a classical music background who was playing in a folk group. He was asked by Bob Dylan to play on the country-folk album Nashville Skyline, then became a member of the house band on Johnny Cash's TV show. Kris Kristofferson, one of the guests, hired Blake to tour with him. Blake recorded with folk singer Joan Baez and appeared on her hit song "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down". In 1971, he became a member of the bluegrass group Aero-plain, led by multi-instrumentalist John Hartford with fiddler Vassar Clements, but the band didn't last long.
In 1972, Blake recorded his first solo album, Back Home in Sulphur Springs (Rounder, 1972). Soon after his debut, he and Nancy recorded their first album, The Fields of November (Flying Fish, 1974), with Nancy on hillbilly cello. They married in 1975 and performed together for twenty years.
Most of the music that Norman Blake plays could be described as neo-traditionalist Americana folk and roots music (folk, bluegrass, country, blues), and many of the songs he plays are traditional, but he plays this acoustic type of music with a style, speed, and quality that has evolved and progressed in the modern age. Though probably best known for his fluid renditions of classic fiddle tunes transcribed for the guitar ("Fiddler's Dram/Whiskey Before Breakfast"), Blake has also written songs that have become bluegrass and folk standards, such as "Ginseng Sullivan", "Slow Train through Georgia", "Billy Gray", and "Church Street Blues".
Although known as one of the most prominent steel-string guitar flatpickers, Blake is a multi-instrumentalist and vocalist. Other instruments he plays include the mandolin, 6-string banjo, fiddle, dobro, banjo and viola. He is known for his loose, right-hand guitar technique, which arose out of his mandolin technique. Also well known is his devotion to 12-fret guitars, including Martin 00s, 000s, D18s, D28s, and Gibsons, like his 1929 12-fret Nick Lucas special.
Awards and honors
Norman and Nancy Blake received Grammy nominations in the Best Traditional Folk Recording category for Blind Dog, Just Gimme Somethin' I'm Used To, While Passing Along This Way, and The Hobo's Last Ride. In 1986 Norman Blake was chosen Best Multi-Instrumentalist by the readers of Frets magazine.
- Back Home in Sulphur Springs (Rounder, 1972)
- The Fields of November (Flying Fish, 1974)
- Old and New (Flying Fish, 1975)
- Norman Blake and Red Rector (Country, 1976)
- Whiskey Before Breakfast (Rounder, 1976)
- Live at McCabe's (Takoma, 1976)
- Norman Blake/Tut Taylor/Sam Bush/Butch Robins/Vassar Clements/David Holland/Jethro Burns (Flying Fish, 1976)
- Blackberry Blossom (Flying Fish, 1977)
- Directions (Takoma, 1978)
- Rising Fawn String Ensemble (Rounder, 1979)
- Full Moon on the Farm (Rounder, 1981)
- Original Underground Music from the Mysterious South (Rounder, 1983)
- Nashville Blues (Rounder, 1984)
- Lighthouse on the Shore (Rounder, 1985)
- Natasha's Waltz (Rounder, 1987)
- Slow Train Through Georgia (Rounder, 1987)
- Blake & Rice (Rounder, 1987)
- Blind Dog (Rounder, 1988)
- Norman Blake and Tony Rice 2 (Rounder, 1990)
- Just Gimme Somethin' I'm Used To (Shanachie, 1992)
- While Passing Along This Way (Shanachie, 1994)
- The Hobo's Last Ride (Shanachie, 1996)
- Chattanooga Sugar Babe (Shanachie, 1998)
- Be Ready Boys: Appalachia to Abilene (Plectrafone/Western Jubilee, 1999)
- Far Away, Down on a Georgia Farm (Shanachie, 1999)
- Flower from the Fields of Alabama (Shanachie, 2001)
- Meeting on Southern Soil (Red House, 2002)
- Old Ties (Rounder, 2002)
- The Morning Glory Ramblers (Plectrafone/Western Jubilee, 2004)
- Back Home in Sulphur Springs (Dualtone, 2006)
- Shacktown Road (Plectrafone/Western Jubilee, 2007)
- Look A-Yonder Comin' (State Archives of Florida, 2008)
- Rising Fawn Gathering (Plectrafone/Western Jubilee, 2009)
- Sleepy Eyed Joe (Rounder, 2009)
- Green Light on the Southern (Plectrafone/Western Jubilee, 2010)
- Wood, Wire & Words (Plectrafone/Western Jubilee, 2015)
- Brushwood Songs & Stories (Plectrafone/Western Jubilee, 2017)
- O Brother, Where Art Thou? (Mercury, 2000)
- Cold Mountain (DMZ/Columbia, 2003)
- Walk the Line (Wind-up, 2005)
- Inside Llewyn Davis (Nonesuch, 2013)
- Norman Blake's Guitar Techniques No. 1 (Homespun, 1990 VHS, 2003 DVD)
- Mandolin of Norman Blake (Homespun, 1992 VHS, 2005 DVD)
- My Dear Old Southern Home (Shanachie, 1994 VHS, 2003 DVD)
- Legends of Flatpicking Guitar (Vestapol, 1995 VHS, 2001 DVD)
- The Video Collection 1980–1995 (Vestapol, 1996 VHS, 2004 DVD)
- Great Guitar Lessons – Bluegrass Flatpicking (Homespun, 2000 VHS, 2006 DVD)
- Norman Blake's Guitar Techniques No. 2 (Homespun, 2001, 2003 DVD)
- "Norman & Nancy Blake - The old-fashioned way". No Depression. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- Stone, Steven (12 December 2003). "Norman Blake". Vintage Guitar. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- Stambler, Irwin; Stambler, Lyndon (2001). Folk and blues : the encyclopedia (1 ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0312200579.
- Wolff, Kurt. "Norman Blake | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
- CD liner notes from The Fields of November, Flying Fish Records, 1992
-  Archived September 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.