Adele performing at her An Evening with Adele concert tour, January 2009.
|Born||Adele Laurie Blue Adkins
5 May 1988
Tottenham, London, England
|Net worth||£50 million|
|Partner(s)||Simon Konecki (2011–present)|
|Years active||2006–2012, 2015-present|
Adele Laurie Blue Adkins, MBE (//; born 5 May 1988) is a British singer and songwriter. Graduating from the BRIT School for Performing Arts and Technology in 2006, Adele was given a recording contract by XL Recordings after a friend posted her demo on Myspace the same year. In 2007, she received the Brit Awards "Critics' Choice" award and won the BBC Sound of 2008. Her debut album, 19, was released in 2008 to commercial and critical success. It is certified four times platinum in the UK, and double platinum in the U.S. An appearance she made on Saturday Night Live in late 2008 boosted her career in the U.S. At the 51st Annual Grammy Awards, Adele received the awards for Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.
Adele released her second studio album, 21, in early 2011. The album was well received critically and surpassed the success of her debut, earning the singer numerous awards in 2012, including a record-tying six Grammy Awards including Album of the Year; two Brit Awards; and three American Music Awards. The album has been certified 16 times platinum in the UK, and in the U.S. it has held the top position longer than any album since 1985, and is certified Diamond. The album has sold 30 million copies worldwide. She has sold an estimated 40 million albums and 50 million singles worldwide.
The success of 21 earned Adele numerous mentions in the Guinness Book of World Records. She is the first woman in the history of the Billboard Hot 100 to have three simultaneous top 10 singles as a lead artist, and the first female artist to simultaneously have two albums in the top five of the Billboard 200 and two singles in the top five of the Billboard Hot 100. 21 is the longest running number one album by a female solo artist in the history of the UK and U.S. Album Charts. In 2011 and 2012, Billboard named Adele Artist of the Year.
In 2012, Adele was listed at number five on VH1's 100 Greatest Women in Music, and Time magazine named her one of the most influential people in the world. In 2013, she received an Academy Award, a Grammy Award, and a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song for her song "Skyfall", which she wrote and composed for the James Bond film of the same name.
Adele was born on 5 May 1988 in Tottenham, London, the daughter of an English mother, Penny Adkins (born c. 1970) and a Welsh father, Mark Evans. Evans left when Adele was two, leaving her 20-year-old mother to raise her single-handedly. She began singing at age four and asserts that she became obsessed with voices. Growing up Adele spent most of her time singing rather than reading, stating the last book she read was Roald Dahl's Matilda when she was six years old. Adele has cited the Spice Girls as a major influence in regard to her love and passion for music, stating that "they made me what I am today".
Adele impersonated the Spice Girls at dinner parties as a young girl. She stated she was left "heartbroken" when her favourite Spice Girl, Geri Halliwell aka "Ginger Spice," left the group. To make her look like English R&B and urban contemporary singer Gabrielle, her mother made her an eye patch with sequins, which Adele later said was embarrassing. In 1997, at the age of nine, Adele and her mother, who by then had found work as a furniture maker and an adult-learning activities organiser, relocated to Brighton.
In 1999, two years later, she and her mother moved back to London; first to Brixton, and then to neighbouring district West Norwood, in south London. West Norwood is the subject for Adele's first record, "Hometown Glory", which she wrote and composed in 2004, when she was 16. After moving to south London, she became interested in R&B artists such as Aaliyah, Destiny's Child, and Mary J. Blige.
Adele says that one of the most defining moments in her life was when she watched Pink perform at Brixton Academy. She states: "It was the Missundaztood record, so I was about 13 or 14. I had never heard, being in the room, someone sing like that live [...] I remember sort of feeling like I was in a wind tunnel, her voice just hitting me. It was incredible."
In 2002, aged 14, Adele discovered Etta James and Ella Fitzgerald as she stumbled on the artists's CDs in the jazz section of her local music store. She was struck by their appearance on the album covers. Adele states she then "started listening to Etta James every night for an hour," and in the process was getting "to know my own voice." Adele graduated from the BRIT School for Performing Arts & Technology in Croydon in May 2006, where she was a classmate of Leona Lewis and Jessie J. Adele credits the school with nurturing her talent even though, at the time, she was more interested in going into A&R and hoped to launch other people's careers.
2006–10: Beginnings and 19
Four months after graduation, she published two songs on the fourth issue of the online arts publication PlatformsMagazine.com. She had recorded a three-song demo for a class project and given it to a friend. The friend posted the demo on Myspace, where it became very successful and led to a phone call from Richard Russell, boss of the music label XL Recordings. She doubted if the offer was real because the only record company she knew was Virgin Records, and she took a friend with her to the meeting.
Nick Huggett, at XL, recommended Adkins to manager Jonathan Dickins at September Management, and in June 2006, Dickins became her official representative. September was managing Jamie T at the time and this proved a major draw for Adele, a big fan of the British singer-songwriter. Huggett then signed Adele to XL in September 2006. Adele provided vocals for Jack Peñate's song, "My Yvonne," for his debut album, and it was during this session she first met producer Jim Abbiss, who would go on to produce both the majority of her debut album, 19, and tracks on 21. Adele's breakthrough song, "Hometown Glory", was released in October 2007. Adele supported Will Young at the 2007 MENCAP Little Noise Sessions, a charity concert at London's Union Chapel.
By 2008, Adele had become the headliner and performed an acoustic set, in which she was supported by Damien Rice. She became the first recipient of the Brit Awards Critics' Choice and was named the number-one predicted breakthrough act of 2008 in an annual BBC poll of music critics, Sound of 2008. The album 19, named for her age at the time she wrote and composed many of its songs, entered the British charts at number one. The Times Encyclopedia of Modern Music named 19 an "essential" blue-eyed soul recording. She released her second single, "Chasing Pavements", on 14 January 2008, two weeks ahead of her debut album, 19. The song reached number two on the UK Chart, and stayed there for four weeks. Adele was nominated for a 2008 Mercury Prize award for 19. She also won an Urban Music Award for "Best Jazz Act." She also received a Q Awards nomination in the category of Breakthrough Act and a Music of Black Origin nomination in the category of Best UK Female. In March 2008, Adele signed a deal with Columbia Records and XL Recordings for her foray into the United States. She embarked on a short North American tour in the same month, and 19 was released in the US in June. Billboard magazine stated of it: "Adele truly has potential to become among the most respected and inspiring international artists of her generation." The An Evening with Adele world tour began in May 2008 and ended in June 2009.
She later cancelled the 2008 US tour dates to be with a former boyfriend. She said in Nylon magazine in June 2009, "I'm like, 'I can't believe I did that.' It seems so ungrateful.... I was drinking far too much and that was kind of the basis of my relationship with this boy. I couldn't bear to be without him, so I was like, 'Well, OK, I'll just cancel my stuff then.'" By the middle of October 2008, Adele's attempt to break in America appeared to have failed. But then she was booked as the musical guest on the 18 October 2008 episode of NBC's Saturday Night Live. The episode, which included an expected appearance by then US vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin, earned the program its best ratings in 14 years with 17 million viewers. Adele performed "Chasing Pavements" and "Cold Shoulder," and the following day, 19 topped the iTunes charts and ranked at number five at Amazon.com while "Chasing Pavements" rose into the top 25. The album reached number 11 on the Billboard 200 as a result, a jump of 35 places over the previous week. In November 2008 Adele moved to Notting Hill after leaving her mother's house, a move that prompted her to give up drinking. The album was certified as gold in February 2009 by the Recording Industry Association of America. By July 2009, the album had sold 2.2 million copies worldwide.
In 2010, Adele received a Grammy nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "Hometown Glory." In April her song "My Same" entered the German Singles Chart after it had been performed by Lena Meyer-Landrut in the talent show contest Unser Star für Oslo, or Our Star for Oslo, in which the German entry to the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was determined. In late September, after being featured on The X Factor, Adele's version of Bob Dylan's "Make You Feel My Love" re-entered the UK singles chart at number 4. During the 2010 CMT Artists of the Year special, Adele performed a widely publicised duet of Lady Antebellum's "Need You Now" with Darius Rucker. This performance was later nominated for a CMT Music Award.
2011–13: 21 and worldwide recognition
Adele released her second studio album, 21, on 24 January 2011 in the UK and 22 February in the US. She said that the album was inspired by the breakup with her former partner. The album's sound is described as classic and contemporary country and roots music. The change in sound from her first album was the result of her bus driver playing contemporary music from Nashville when she was touring the American South, and the title reflected the growth she had experienced in the prior two years. Adele told Spin Magazine: "It was really exciting for me because I never grew up around [that music]." 21 hit number 1 in more than 26 countries, including the UK and the US.
An emotional performance of "Someone like You" at the 2011 BRIT Awards on 15 February propelled the song to number one in the UK. Her first album, 19, re-entered the UK album chart alongside 21, while first and second singles "Rolling in the Deep" and "Someone like You" were in the top 5 of the UK singles chart, making Adele the first living artist to achieve the feat of two top-five hits in both the Official Singles Chart and the Official Albums Chart simultaneously since the Beatles in 1964. Both songs topped the charts in multiple markets and broke numerous sales performance records. Following her performance of "Someone like You" at the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, it became Adele's second number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100. By December 2011, 21 sold over 3.4 million copies in the UK, and became the biggest-selling album of the 21st century, overtaking Amy Winehouse's Back to Black, with Adele becoming the first artist ever to sell three million albums in the UK in one calendar year. "Set Fire to the Rain" became Adele's third number one single on the Billboard Hot 100, as Adele became the first artist ever to have an album, 21, hold the number-one position on the Billboard 200 concurrently with three number one singles.
To promote the album, Adele embarked upon the "Adele Live" tour, which sold out its North American leg. In October 2011, Adele was forced to cancel two tours because of a vocal-cord haemorrhage. She released a statement saying she needed an extended period of rest in order to avoid permanent damage to her voice. In the first week of November 2011 Steven M. Zeitels director of the Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston performed laser microsurgery on Adele's vocal cords to remove a benign polyp.
A recording of her tour, Live at the Royal Albert Hall, was released in November 2011, debuting at number one in the US with 96,000 copies sold, the highest one-week tally for a music DVD in four years, becoming the best-selling music DVD of 2011. Adele is the first artist in Nielsen SoundScan history to have the year's number-one album (21), number-one single ("Rolling in the Deep"), and number-one music video. At the 2011 American Music Awards on 20 November, Adele won three awards; Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist, Favorite Adult Contemporary Artist, and Favorite Pop/Rock Album for 21. On 9 December, Billboard named Adele artist of the year, Billboard 200 Album of the year (21), and the Billboard Hot 100 Song of the year ("Rolling in the Deep"), becoming the first woman ever to top all three categories.
Following the throat microsurgery, she made her live comeback at the 2012 Grammy Awards in February. She won in all six categories for which she was nominated, making her the second female artist in Grammy history, after Beyoncé, to win that many categories in a single night. Following that success, 21 achieved the biggest weekly sales increase following a Grammy win since Nielsen SoundScan began tracking data in 1991. Adele received the BRIT Award for Best British Female Solo Artist, and British Album of the Year presented to her by George Michael. Following the Brit Awards, 21 reached number one for the 21st non-consecutive week in the UK. The album has sold over 4.5 million copies in the UK where it is the fourth best-selling album of all time. In October, the album passed the 4.5 million mark in the UK, and in November surpassed the 10 million mark in the US. Adele is the only artist or band in the last decade in the US to earn an RIAA Diamond certification for a one disc album in less than two years.
In October 2012, Adele confirmed that she had been writing, composing and recording the theme song for Skyfall, the twenty-third James Bond film. The song "Skyfall," written and composed in collaboration with producer Paul Epworth, was recorded at Abbey Road Studios, and features orchestrations by J. A. C. Redford. Adele stated recording "Skyfall" was "one of the proudest moments of my life." On 14 October, "Skyfall" rose to number 2 on the UK Singles Chart with sales of 92,000 copies bringing its overall sales to 176,000, and "Skyfall" entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 8, selling 261,000 copies in the United States in its first three days. This tied "Skyfall" with Duran Duran's "A View to a Kill" as the highest-charting James Bond theme song on the UK Singles Chart. "Skyfall" has sold more than two million copies worldwide and earned Adele the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song and the Academy Award for Best Original Song. In December 2012, Adele was named Billboard Artist of the Year, and 21 was named Album of the Year, making her the first artist to receive both accolades two years in a row. Adele was also named top female artist. The Associated Press named Adele Entertainer of the Year for 2012. The 2013 Grammy Awards saw Adele's live version of "Set Fire to the Rain" win the Grammy Award for Best Pop Solo Performance, bringing her total wins to nine.
2013–present: Hiatus and third studio album
On 3 April 2012, Adele confirmed that her third album would likely be at least two years away, stating, "I have to take time and live a little bit. There were a good two years between my first and second albums, so it'll be the same this time." She stated that she would continue writing and composing her own material. At the 2013 Grammy Awards, she confirmed that she was in the very early stages of her third album and was having meetings while staying in Los Angeles for the Oscars, despite previously denying reports. She also stated that she will most likely work with Paul Epworth again. Others since reported to be working with Adele on her new album include Kid Harpoon, James Ford, Damon Albarn, Phil Collins, Ryan Tedder and Diane Warren.
In September 2013, Wiz Khalifa confirmed that he and Adele had collaborated on a song for his upcoming fifth studio album, Blacc Hollywood, though the collaboration did not make the final track listing. In January 2014, Adele received her tenth Grammy Award with "Skyfall" winning Best Song Written for Visual Media at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards. On the eve of her 26th birthday in May 2014, Adele posted a cryptic message via her Twitter account which prompted media discussion about her next album. The message, "Bye bye 25... See you again later in the year," was interpreted by outlets including the Daily Mail and Capital FM as meaning that her next album would be titled 25 and released later in the year. In 2014, Adele was nominated for nine World Music Awards. In early August, Paul Moss suggested that an album would be released in 2014 or 2015. However, in the October 2014 accounts filed with Companies House by XL Recordings, they ruled out a 2014 release.
On 27 August 2015, Billboard reported that Adele's label XL is planning her third studio for a release in November. Danger Mouse has contributed a single while Tobias Jesso Jr. has written a track and Ryan Tedder is "back in the mix after producing and co-writing " Rumour Has It" on 21."
It was reported in January 2012 that Adele was dating charity entrepreneur and Old Etonian Simon Konecki since the summer of 2011, when she met him. In June 2012, Adele announced that she and Konecki were expecting a baby. Their son Angelo was born on 19 October 2012. Adele and Konecki brought a privacy case against a UK-based photo agency that published paparazzi images of their son taken during family outings in 2013. Lawyers working on their behalf accepted damages from the company in July 2014.
Adele was criticized by celebrities such as Karl Lagerfeld and Joan Rivers for her weight, but has gained the support of many others, by stating that she is happy with her weight and would only change if it affected her health or sex life. In a 2009 interview, Adele stated: "I like looking nice, but I always put comfort over fashion. I don’t find thin girls attractive; be happy and healthy. I’ve never had a problem with the way I look. I’d rather have lunch with my friends than go to a gym."
Politically, Adele is a supporter of the Labour Party, stating in 2011 that she was a "Labour girl through and through." In May 2011, she reportedly expressed views on taxation that were counter to those of the party. Following the success of her first album, Adele bought a flat in Notting Hill, London in 2009. In February 2012, Adele and Konecki moved into a £7-million, ten-bedroom mansion set in 25 acres of the English countryside in West Sussex. Born in Tottenham, she supports her local Premier League football club Tottenham Hotspur.
|Problems playing these files? See media help.|
Initially, critics suggested that her vocals were more developed and intriguing than her songwriting, a sentiment with which Adele agreed. Adele has stated: "I taught myself how to sing by listening to Ella Fitzgerald for acrobatics and scales, Etta James for passion and Roberta Flack for control." Adele's first album is of the soul genre, with lyrics describing heartbreak and relationship. Her success occurred simultaneously with several other British female soul singers, with the British press dubbing her a new Amy Winehouse. This was described as a third British Musical Invasion of the US. However, Adele called the comparisons between her and other female soul singers lazy, noting "we're a gender, not a genre". AllMusic wrote that "Adele is simply too magical to compare her to anyone."
Adele has stated that her biggest musical influence is Etta James. She has also stated that growing up, she listened to the Spice Girls, The Cure, Dusty Springfield, Celine Dion, Annie Lennox, and Pink. She also claims that her mother, who is very close to her, exposed her to the music of Lauryn Hill, Mary J. Blige, and Alicia Keys, all of whom inspired her as well. One of Adele's earliest influences was British soul artist Gabrielle, who Adele has admired since the age of five, performing as the Hackney born star with an eye-patch in a school talent contest.
Following the release of her debut album 19, Kanye West and Beyoncé were among the artists vocal in their praise of her music. Beyoncé cited Adele as one of the influences for her fourth album, 4. Madonna expressed a desire to collaborate with Adele, commenting; "I think she's brilliant, I love her". When asked about how one composes soul music, singer Patti LaBelle explained: "I believe that you first of all have to have soul. You could be white, black - it doesn't matter - straight or gay. You can compose from your soul. And if it's your soul - like Adele - she's a beautiful big ole white woman, okay? Now, she does have that soul and she composes and she does it all."
Celine Dion performed "Rolling in the Deep" at her show at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, after telling the crowd, "I love Adele so much. She's amazing." J. J. Burnel of The Stranglers is also a fan, stating; "She had me riveted... Of course she's huge and normally that would turn me off because it's too commercial. But I was seriously impressed". Dave Grohl of Foo Fighters and Nirvana fame has repeatedly praised Adele in interviews. Former Guns N' Roses guitarist Slash stated; "She's great. She's a shot in the arm for this industry. She writes her own music that's not at all contrived. And she's managed to sell loads of records which makes her a great example to the younger artists."
Stevie Nicks, the vocalist of Fleetwood Mac, spoke of Adele during one of the band's concerts; "She's a fantastic songwriter... I told her 'you're going to be me in 40 years, you're going to still be up onstage doing what you're doing because of your songwriting'." In 2015, Pharrell Williams praised Adele's songwriting ability during an interview at the Cannes Lions festival, stating: "I just think she is a masterful writer, if you listen to her album, it lives and breathes."
Awards and achievements
At the 51st Annual Grammy Awards in 2009, Adele won awards in the categories of Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. She was also nominated in the categories of Record of the Year and Song of the Year. That same year, Adele was also nominated for three Brit Awards in the categories of Best British Female, Best British Single and Best British Breakthrough Act. Then British Prime Minister Gordon Brown sent a thank-you letter to Adele that stated "with the troubles that the country's in financially, you're a light at the end of the tunnel."
With 21 non-consecutive weeks at number 1 in the US, Adele broke the record for the longest number-1 album by a woman in Billboard history, beating the record formerly held by Whitney Houston's soundtrack The Bodyguard. 21 spent its 23rd week at number one in March 2012, making it the longest-running album at number one since 1985 and it became the fourth best-selling album of the past 10 years in the United States.
In February 2012, Adele was listed at number five on VH1′s 100 Greatest Women In Music. In April 2012, American magazine Time named Adele one of the 100 most influential people in the world. People named her one of 2012 Most Beautiful at Every Age. On 30 April 2012, a tribute to Adele was held at New York City's (Le) Poisson Rouge called Broadway Sings Adele, starring various Broadway actors such as Matt Doyle. In July 2012, Adele was listed at number six in Forbes list of the world's highest-paid celebrities under the age of 30, having earned £23 million ($35 million) between May 2011 and May 2012.
On the week ending 3 March 2012, Adele became the first solo female artist to have three singles in the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100 at the same time, and the first female artist to have two albums in the top 5 of the Billboard 200 and two singles in the top 5 of the Billboard Hot 100 simultaneously. Adele topped the 2012 Sunday Times Rich List of musicians in the UK under 30 and made the Top 10 of Billboard magazine's "Top 40 Money Makers". Billboard also announced the same day that Adele's "Rolling in the Deep" is the biggest crossover hit of the past 25 years, topping pop, adult pop and adult contemporary charts and that Adele is one of four female artists to have an album chart at number one for more than 13 weeks (the other three artists being Judy Garland, Carole King, and Whitney Houston). On 6 March, 21 reached 30 non-consecutive weeks at number one on the Australian ARIA Chart, making it the longest-running number one album in Australia in the 21st century, and the second longest-running number one ever.
At the 2012 Ivor Novello Awards in May, Adele was named Songwriter of the Year, and "Rolling in the Deep" won the award for Most Performed Work of 2011. At the 2012 BMI Awards held in London in October, Adele won Song of the Year (for "Rolling in the Deep") in recognition of the song being the most played on US television and radio in 2011.
In 2013, Adele won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for the James Bond theme "Skyfall". This is the first James Bond song to win and only the fifth to be nominated (after "For Your Eyes Only" (1981), "Nobody Does It Better" (1977) (from The Spy Who Loved Me), "Live and Let Die" (1973), and "The Look of Love" (1967) (from the original Casino Royale)). "Skyfall" won the Brit Award for Best British Single at the 2013 BRIT Awards.
In June 2013, Adele was awarded an Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the Queen's Birthday Honours list for services to music, and she received the award from Prince Charles at Buckingham Palace on 19 December 2013. In February 2013, she was assessed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the United Kingdom by Woman's Hour on BBC Radio 4.
Adele has performed in numerous charity concerts throughout her career. In July and November 2008, Adele performed at the Keep a Child Alive Black Ball in London and New York City respectively. On 17 September 2009, Adele performed at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, for the VH1 Divas event, a concert to raise money for the Save The Music Foundation charity. On 6 December, Adele opened with a 40-minute set at John Mayer's 2nd Annual Holiday Charity Revue held at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles, California. In 2011, Adele gave a free concert for Pride London, a registered charity which arranges LGBT events in London.
Adele has been a major contributor to MusiCares, a charity organization founded by the Grammys for musicians in need. In February 2009, Adele performed at the 2009 MusiCares charity concert in Los Angeles. In 2011 and 2012, Adele donated autographed items for auctions to support MusiCares.
When on tour, Adele requires all backstage visitors to donate a minimum charitable contribution of $20 for the UK charity SANDS, an organization dedicated to "supporting anyone affected by the death of a baby and promoting research to reduce the loss of babies' lives". During the UK and European leg of her Adele Live tour she collected $13,000 for the charity.
- Honorific nicknames in popular music
- List of Billboard Social 50 number-one artists
- Billboard Music Award
- List of artists who reached number one in the United States
- "Adele tops young rich list - again - and Sam Smith joins top 20". Newsbeat. BBC. April 23, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- Cairns, Dan (1 February 2009). "Blue-eyed soul: Encyclopedia of Modern Music". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 16 June 2011.
- "Adele: New Record is 'Quite Different'". Spin. 2 November 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- Frehsée, Nicole (22 January 2009), "Meet Adele, the U.K.'s Newest Soul Star," Rolling Stone. (1070):26
- "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- "Recording Industry Association of America". RIAA. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Grammys 2009: Selected winners". BBC News. 9 February 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Adele: New Record is 'Quite Different'". Spin Magazine. 2 November 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Adele to Release '21' Sophomore Album in February". Billboard. 2 November 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "British soul singer Adele preps summer U.S. tour". Los Angeles Times. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Grammy Awards 2012: Adele wins six awards tying with Beyoncé for most trophies won in one night". Daily Telegraph (London). 13 February 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Caulfield, Keith (29 February 2012). "Adele's '21': Longest-Running No. 1 Album Since 'Purple Rain'". Billboard. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- Keith Caulfield (27 Nov 2012). "Adele's '21' Hits 10 Million in U.S. Sales". Billboard. Retrieved 29 November 2012
- Forde, Eamonn (9 July 2014). "From Robin Thicke to Mariah and Mick: five blockbuster albums that bombed". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- Brandle, Lars (16 July 2014). "Adele's Next Album and World Tour Confirmed? 'No Truth' in New Rumor". Billboard. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
- "Our Beloved Adele The Legendary Singer!". Arash. Beach-news.com. 29 December 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- Kaufman, Gil (14 September 2011). "Adele, Lady Gaga, Justin Bieber Land New Guinness Records". MTV. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Trust, Gary (23 February 2012). "Analysis: How Adele Scored Two Titles Each in the Hot 100 & Billboard 200's Top Five". Billboard. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "CBBC – Newsround – Adele makes music history again with album chart record". BBC News. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele breaks Houston's chart record". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 23 February 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Caulfield, Keith (13 January 2015). "Billboard's Artists of the Year: 1981-2014" (23 June 2015). Billboard.
- Graham, Mark (13 February 2012). "The 100 Greatest Women In Music". VH1. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Pink (19 April 2012). "Adele – 2012 Time 100: The Most Influential People in the World". Time. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- "2013 Oscars Nominees". oscars. January 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- Patterson, Sylvia (27 January 2008). "Mad about the girl". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Haines, Chris. "Adele's Welsh father Mark Evans reveals his heartache over 'letting down' six-time Grammy Awards winner – Wales News – News". WalesOnline. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Van, Jonathan. "Adele: One and Only – Magazine". Vogue. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Grammy-nominated Adele taking fame in stride". The Baltimore Sun. 15 January 2009.
- Otiji, Adaora (15 January 2009). "Singing Stronger Every Day: Adele". Express Night Out. Washington Post. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Adele: 'I have all the say; I have power over everything I do'". Daily Mail (London). 15 July 2015.
- Walker, Marie. "Adele: I Love the Spice Girls!". Now Magazine. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- "Chasing Adele". Minneapolis Star Tribune. Retrieved 15 January 2009.
- "Adele: Geri Halliwell broke my heart". Now Magazine. Retrieved 3 February 2015
- Matt Doeden (2013). "Adele: Soul Music’s Magical Voice." p. 32. Twenty-First Century Books
- Husband, Stuart (25 April 2008). "Adele: young soul rebel". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Sylvia Patterson (27 January 2008). "Interview: Adele Atkins, singer". The Observer (London). Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- Heawood, Sophie (28 December 2007). "Adele-ation starts here". The Times (London).
- Newman, Melinda (1 February 2009). "Amy Who? Now, Adele's the One With the Buzz". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "ADELE: Up close and personal". Bluesandsoul.com. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Adele – Defining Moments". Spinner. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele Says Hearing Pink Sing Changed Her Life". Socialite Life. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Youngs, Ian (4 January 2008). "Soul singers top new talent list". BBC News. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- Collis, Clark (19 December 2008), "Spotlight on... Adele." Entertainment Weekly. (1026):62
- "Interview: Adele—Singer and Songwriter—Blogcritics Music". Blogcritics.org. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Platform 04". Platformsmagazine.com. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Billboard presents: Adele". Link.brightcove.com. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Interview with Jonathan Dickins". HitQuarters. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- Jones, Damian (6 April 2009). "Peñate collaborates with Adele". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Q&A: Adele's charity acoustic set BBC Radio 1". BBC News. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- "Adele hits the big time". ITN. 12 November 2008.[dead link]
- Youngs, Ian (4 January 2008). "Entertainment | Sound of 2008: Adele". BBC News. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele Wins Brits Critics Choice Award". Billboard.com. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Cairns, Dan (1 February 2009). "Blue-eyed soul: Encyclopedia of Modern Music The Times". London. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "This Week's Releases: 21 January 2008". NME. 21 January 2008.
- Jade Wright (23 July 2008). "Views & Blogs—Columnists—Echo columnists—Last Shadow Puppets tipped for Nationwide Mercury music prize". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Winners for 6th Annual Urban Music Awards 2008 Announced". Urban Music Awards. 16 November 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Duffy nominated for Q awards double Wales Online". 3 September 2008.
- "Estelle And Leona Lewis Lead 2008 Mobo Nominations". Gigwise. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Adele Inks U.S. Deal With Columbia". Billboard. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Singles. Billboard. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "The Richmond Times Dispatch". 23 October 2008.[dead link]
- Reed, James (12 January 2009). "'19' going on superstar". The Boston Globe.
- "Saturday Night Live Season 34 Josh Brolin/Adele". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Adele enjoys an "SNL" bump". Newsday. 20 October 2008.
- "AC/DC Debuts At No. 1 With 784,000". Billboard. 29 October 2008.
- "Adele Explains Booze & Love Meltdown". Contactmusic. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Perry's Platinum Pucker". RIAA. 23 March 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Adele 'puts career on hold for dog". Digital Spy. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "TWO-TIME GRAMMY AWARD WINNER ADELE TO PERFORM ON CBS INTERACTIVE MUSIC GROUP'S "LIVE ON LETTERMAN" WEBCAST SERIES" (Press release). CBS. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- Klier, Marcus (2 February 2010). "Live: First heat in Germany". ESCToday. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Musicline.de – Chartverfolgung – Adele – My Same" (in German). Media Control Charts. 21 February 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Oasis, Radiohead and Adele set for chart re-entries thanks to 'The X Factor'?". NME. 29 September 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Adele and Darius Rucker perform Need You Now on CMT Artists of the Year". Kncifm.radio.com. 16 January 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "2011 CMT Music Awards Nominees Revealed". Country Music Television. 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- Levine, Nick (2 November 2010). "Adele announces second album details". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on 5 November 2010. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- Nick Clark (20 March 2012). "Adele surges past The Dark Side of the Moon on inexorable voyage to stardom". The Independent (London). Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "ChartArchive – Adele – 21". Chartstats.com. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Kaufman, Gil (16 March 2011). "Lupe Fiasco's Lasers Blasts To Top Of Billboard 200". MTV. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Adele's 'Someone Like You' Tops UK Singles Chart | Adele | News | MTV UK". Mtv.co.uk. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Sean Michaels (22 February 2011). "Adele matches the Beatles in latest chart success". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele's 'Someone Like You' Soars To No. 1 On Hot 100". Billboard. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Jones, Alan (4 December 2011). "Official Album Chart analysis: Olly Murs becomes 10th X-Factor No.1". Music Week. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Adele's album is century's biggest". MSN.co.uk. 5 December 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
- Smirke, Richard (7 September 2011). "Adele Makes U.K. Chart History: First Artist To Sell 3 Million Albums In Same Year". Billboard.biz. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "07/09/2011 – Adele breaks Official Charts history with 3 million album sales". Official Charts Company. 7 September 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Adele Makes Billboard History After 'Set Fire To The Rain' Tops US Chart". Capital FM. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Jones, Anthony (15 December 2010). "Adele Announces European Tour In Support Of "21"". All Headline News. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
- Benjy Eisen (4 October 2011). "Adele Cancels U.S. Tour Due to Illness". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Colapinto, John (4 March 2013), "Giving Voice : A Surgeon Pioneers Methods to Help Singers Sing Again", The New Yorker: 48 to 57
- "Adele: 'Throat Operation Was a Success'". Capital FM. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "MGH: Adele To Make Full Recovery After Vocal Surgery « CBS Boston". Boston.cbslocal.com. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele's New DVD "Live at the Royal Albert Hall" Is Best-Selling Music Video of 2011 – Music News – ABC News Radio". Abcnewsradioonline.com. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Week Ending Dec. 4, 2011. Albums: Headed for a Triple Crown". Yahoo! Music.
- "Adele and Taylor Swift rule at American Music Awards". BBC News. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Keith Caulfield (9 December 2011). "The Year in Pop: Adele Makes History". Billboard. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Sinha, Piya (10 December 2011). "Adele makes Billboard history, named 2011 top artist". Reuters. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele to make comeback at Grammys after throat surgery". Newsbeat. BBC. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Grammy Awards 2012: Adele wins six awards tying with Beyoncé for most trophies won in one night". The Daily Telegraph (London). 13 February 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "Adele's '21' Earns Biggest Sales Gain In SoundScan History". Billboard. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Kaufman, Gil (22 February 2012). "Adele Breaks Record By Selling 730,000 After Grammys – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV.com. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Brit Awards 2012: List of winners". BBC News. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Matthew Perpetua (12 January 2012). "Adele, Coldplay Lead BRIT Award Nominations | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele overtakes Michael Jackson in all-time biggest selling albums cha". Theofficialcharts.com. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele overtakes Oasis to become the fourth biggest selling album of all-time". 29 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "RIAA – Adele Earns RIAA Diamond for "21"". 28 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Gein, Paul (28 November 2012). "Chart Watch Extra: Adele Tops 10 Million". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- "Adele confirms Skyfall Bond theme song" BBC Newsbeat, retrieved 1 October 2012
- "Adele to sing theme to new James Bond film Skyfall", ITV.com, retrieved 1 October 2012
- "Skyfall sheet". Adele Official Twitter. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "SKYFALL OFFICIAL THEME SONG NEWS RELEASE TO COINCIDE WITH BOND'S 50TH ANNIVERSARY". 007.com. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "Adele's 'Skyfall' Not a Lock for U.K. No. 1". Billboard. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "Swedish House Mafia deny Adele a Number 1 single for a second week". The Official Charts Company. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- "Adele Sets New Record For US Album Sales". Sky News. British Sky Broadcasting. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "The 70th Annual Golden Globe Awards, Winners List". HFPA. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- "Adele Skyfall wins best song Oscar". BBC News. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Adele named Billboard top artist of 2012". BBC News. 16 December 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Adele Named AP Entertainer of the Year". Billboard. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- "Grammys: Adele Wins Best Pop Solo Performance". Sky News. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- Kaufman, Gil (3 April 2012) "Adele To Release New Single This Year". MTV. Retrieved 19 October 2012
- "Adele Talks New Music in Los Angeles". Billboard. 19 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Adele says she'll record a new album when she 'has something to sing about'". NME. 2 March 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Adele back in the studio recording the follow-up to '21'?". NME. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "Adele, Phil Collins Working on New Music Together". Billboard. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Adele is working on a new album and she's sounding 'even better than before'". Cosmopolitan UK. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "Interview: William Orbit". m-magazine. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Myers, Justin (18 January 2014). "21 things to get excited about in 2014". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Wiz Khalifa scraps his collaboration with Adele". NME. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "56th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees". Grammy. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Leyfield, James (5 May 2014). "Adele drops biggest hint yet she is to release a third album imminently". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "Adele Teases New Album '25' On Twitter". Capital FM. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "World Music Awards Nominations 2014". Awards & Winners. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- Frank, Alex (11 September 2014). "Waiting for New Albums From Rihanna, Adele, Frank Ocean, and Robyn". Vogue. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- Buttterly, Amelia (10 October 2014). "No new Adele album in 2014, according to XL's accounts". Newsbeat (BBC). Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Rayne, Naja (August 27, 2015). "Adele's New Album Due Out in November": Report". People. Time Inc. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
- "Adele Is Pregnant!". Us Weekly. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
- Adele (29 June 2012). "I've got some news...". Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele pregnant with first child". Belfast Telegraph. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Malec, Brett (26 June 2013). "Adele's Baby Boy Angelo: See Photos of His Adorable Face!". E!. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Adele’s son gets payout in privacy case". The Guardian (London). 23 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Singer Adele wins damages over paparazzi photos of son". BBC News. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Marcus, Stephanie (9 February 2012). "Adele Responds To Karl Lagerfeld's 'Fat' Remark". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- Johnson, Zach (31 March 2013). "Joan Rivers Calls Adele 'Chubby,' Says the Singer Should 'Lose Weight'". Us Weekly. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- Johnson, Zach (9 November 2012). "Adele: 'I Would Only Lose Weight If It Affected My Health or Sex Life'". Us Weekly. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- "Adele slams David Cameron as a Wally". Daily Mirror (29 May 2011) (London). 5 May 2015.
- Fitzpatrick, Rob (25 May 2011). "Adele's tax grievances won't resonate with fans". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "A home triumph for gifted Adele: From dingy flat to £7M mansion for music megastar". Daily Mail. Retrieved 13 July 2012
- Smart, Gordon (13 January 2011). "Adele: Harry Redknapp, P Diddy and Sarah Palin... I've made a fool of myself in front of them all". The Sun (London). Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Murphy, John (24 January 2011). "Adele: 21 Review". MusicOMH. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Despite four Grammy nominations, Adele is figuring out how to be herself Westworld 21 January 2009".
- "Adele Bio". Myplay.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Pool, Hannah (11 December 2008). "Adele Guardian Interview". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "ADELE: Up close and personal". Bluesandsoul.com. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- "Hot 100: Adele on the Spice Girls". Billboard. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- Matt Doeden (2013). "Adele: Soul Music’s Magical Voice". p. 72. Twenty-First Century Books,
- "The Highlighter presents – Musical Influences: Adele". Nyunews.com. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- Patterson, Sylvia (27 January 2008). "Mad about the girl". The Observer. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Providing soundtrack to our lives: Annie Lennox feted by Tutu, Elton, Adele". Sunday Herald. Retrieved 12 November 2014
- "Adele – Defining Moments". Spinner. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "Adele Says Hearing Pink Sing Changed Her Life". Socialite Life. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- Toure (28 April 2011). "Adele Opens Up About Her Inspirations, Looks and Stage Fright: Pop's biggest voice of 2011 runs on cigarettes, red wine and high-octane heartbreak". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- Newkey-Burden, Chas (2011). Adele: The Biography. John Blake Publishing. ISBN 9781843588627. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Beyonce inspired by Adele and Florence And The Machine on new album '4'". NME. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Student Workshop: The History of Women in Soul". YouTube. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Greenwald, David (12 June 2012). "Celine Dion Covers Adele at Vegas Show". Billboard. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- Lindsay, Matthew. "We Got Corrupted". Mojo. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "Foo Fighters' Dave Grohl: 'I'm glad we're competing with Adele at Grammys'". NME. 8 February 2012.
- Halperin, Shirley (10 February 2012). "Grammys 2012: Dave Grohl and Butch Vig Reflect on Nirvana, Adele and the State of the Music Business (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Slash: 'Adele is a shot in the arm for music". NME. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Stevie Nicks dedicates 'Landslide' to Adele on opening night of Fleetwood Mac's UK tour". NME. 1 June 2015.
- "CANNES LIONS: 'Without a doubt Adele': Pharrell Williams says British singer is the main artist is the world 'getting it right'". Daily Mail. 23 June 2015.
- Music (9 February 2009). "Grammy Awards 2009: The full list of winners". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Nominations for the 51st Grammy Awards". USA Today. 4 February 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Best British breakthrough act". BBC News. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- "Prime Minister Thanks Adele For Keeping Britain Happy In Dark Times". Contact Music. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Chart Watch Extra: Top Albums Of Last 10 Years". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Crookes, Del (19 April 2012). "Newsbeat – Adele joins Time's 100 most influential people in world". Newsbeat. BBC. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Karen J. Quan (20 April 2012). "2012 Most Beautiful at Every Age – Adele". People. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- "Matt Doyle, Christina Sajous & More Set for Broadway Sings Adele at Le Poisson Rouge". broadway.com. 14 March 2012.
- Brant, Emma (13 July 2012). "Adele joins Forbes celebrity rich list of under 30s". Newsbeat. BBC. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Adele, Cheryl Cole, JLS and Jessie J make Sunday Times’ Rich List". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Information Not Found". Billboard. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Music's Top 40 Money Makers 2012". Billboard. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele's 21 breaks Australian chart record". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Adele wins Ivor Novello Awards double". BBC News. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "Adele wins Song of the Year at BMI Awards". BBC News. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Oscar Nominations 2013: Adele's 'Skyfall', 'Les Miserables' And Daniel Day-Lewis Lead British Hopes". The Huffington Post. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- Furness, Hannah (10 January 2013). "Oscars 2013: Adele nomination saves total Skyfall snub". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "Brit Awards: Emeli Sande gets four nominations". BBC News. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- Bull, Sarah (19 December 2013). "Someone Like One! Adele accepts her MBE from Prince Charles with crown studded fingernails". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Birthday Honours: Adele joins Blackadder stars on list". BBC News. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "BBC Radio 4, Woman's Hour Power list". Woman's Hour. BBC Radio 4. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Adele Keep A Child Alive's 5th Annual Black Ball at Hammerstein Ballroom – arrivals New York City, USA".
- "Stars Who Give Back".
- "Adele and Jack Penate attends the Black Ball UK in aid of 'Keep A Child Alive' HIV/AIDS charity".
- Liwanag, Punch (20 September 2009). "VH-1 Divas returns with new batch". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- "Adele, Leona Lewis and Kelly Clarkson for VH1 'Divas'". NME. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "NOKIA Theatre L.A. LIVE". NOKIA Theatre L.A. LIVE. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.[dead link]
- "Adele Celebrates Gay Pride By Performing At Heaven In London « Music News, Reviews, and Gossip on Idolator.com". Idolator.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Stars make a beautiful noise for Neil Diamond at MusiCares Gala". Los Angeles Times. 7 February 2009.
- "GRAMMY Charity Black Friday Sale Continues Through Dec. 5".
- "Place Your Bids". The GRAMMYs. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Even Adele's Tour Rider Is A Tear-Jerker". Jezebel. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adele (singer).|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Adele|
- Official website
- Adele on Twitter
- Adele at the Internet Movie Database
- Adele collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Adele at MTV
|Awards and achievements|
|Grammy Award for Best New Artist
Zac Brown Band
Jack White and Alicia Keys
"Another Way to Die", 2008
|James Bond title artist