North Carolina's congressional districts

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This image shows the current NC Congressional districts, which were struck down on January 9, 2018 by a federal court.[1][2] Due to a stay on the decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, these districts were used in the 2018 midterm elections pending appeal.

North Carolina is currently divided into 13 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives. After the 2000 Census, the number of North Carolina's seats was increased from 12 to 13 due to the state's increase in population.

Constitutionality of the 2010 redistricting[edit]

On February 5, 2016, a three-judge panel of U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina judges ruled that the 1st and 12th districts' boundaries were unconstitutional and required new maps to be drawn by the legislature to be used for the 2016 election.[3] On May 22, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Cooper v. Harris, agreed that the 1st and 12th congressional district boundaries were unlawful racial gerrymanders, the latest in a series of cases dating back to 1993 by different parties challenging various configurations of those districts since their first creation.[4][5]

On January 9, 2018 a federal court struck down North Carolina's congressional map, declaring it unconstitutionally gerrymandered to favor Republican candidates. The court ordered that the North Carolina General Assembly must redraw the district maps prior to the 2018 Congressional Elections.[6] On January 18, 2018, the United States Supreme Court stayed the federal court order pending review by the Court.[7] On June 27, 2019, the US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that federal courts are powerless to hear challenges to redistricting, that partisan gerrymandering is a political question that the federal courts have no place to rule on.[8]

Constitutionality of the 2017 redistricting[edit]

On September 3, 2019 a three-judge panel in a 357 page ruling unanimously threw out the Republican-led state legislature drawn [9] 2017 enacted maps, which were drawn to replace the 2011 maps which were also ruled unconstitutional and thrown out on racial grounds.[10] The court ruled that the state House and state Senate districts maps were such an extreme partisan gerrymander that they violated the state constitution. In the ruling the state legislature was ordered by the court to:

Immediately start drawing new maps, the court demanded that they be drawn based on criteria like population, contiguity, and county lines. Districts must be drawn without "partisan considerations and election results data," and done so in plain view, a pointed departure from the closed-door processes the ruling eschews."At a minimum, that would require all map drawing to occur at public hearings, with any relevant computer screen visible to legislators and public observers," New maps must be completed in two weeks, the judges said. The court also said it reserved the right to move the 2020 primary election if needed.[11]

If the ruling holds, it would ensure a fairly elected legislature in time for redistricting at the congressional level in 2021, which has also faced controversy as a partisan gerrymander. The Supreme Court opted to leave the current congressional map in place in a ruling this summer.[12]

Current districts and representatives[edit]

List of members of the North Carolinian United States House delegation, their terms, their district boundaries, and the districts' political rating according to the CPVI. The delegation has a total of 13 members, with 10 Republicans, and 3 Democrats.

District Representative Party CPVI Incumbency District map
1st GK Butterfield, Official photo 116th Congress.jpg
G. K. Butterfield
D D+17 July 20, 2004 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 1 (since 2017).tif
2nd George Holding.jpg
George Holding
R R+7 January 3, 2013 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 2 (since 2017).tif
3rd

Greg Murphy

R R+12 February 10, 2019 - present North Carolina US Congressional District 3 (since 2017).tif
4th David Price, 115th Congress official photo (cropped).jpg
David Price
D D+17 January 3, 1997 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 4 (since 2017).tif
5th Virginia Foxx official photo.jpg
Virginia Foxx
R R+10 January 3, 2005 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 5 (since 2017).tif
6th Walker Official Photo 2017.jpg
Mark Walker
R R+9 January 3, 2015 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 6 (since 2017).tif
7th David Rouzer official photo.jpg
David Rouzer
R R+9 January 3, 2015 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 7 (since 2017).tif
8th Richard Hudson official congressional photo.jpg
Richard Hudson
R R+8 January 3, 2013 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 8 (since 2017).tif
9th

Dan Bishop

R R+8 September 10, 2019 - present North Carolina US Congressional District 9 (since 2017).tif
10th Patrick McHenry, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Patrick McHenry
R R+12 January 3, 2005 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 10 (since 2017).tif
11th Mark Meadows, Official Portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Mark Meadows
R R+14 January 3, 2013 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 11 (since 2017).tif
12th Alma Adams official portrait.jpg
Alma Adams
D D+18 November 12, 2014 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 12 (since 2017).tif
13th Ted Budd official congressional photo.jpg
Ted Budd
R R+6 January 3, 2017 – present North Carolina US Congressional District 13 (since 2017).tif

Historical and present district boundaries[edit]

Table of United States congressional district boundary maps in the State of North Carolina, presented chronologically.[13] All redistricting events that took place in North Carolina between 1973 and 2013 are shown, congressional composition is listed on the right.

Year Statewide map Charlotte highlight Congressional Composition
1973–1982 United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina, 1973 – 1982.tif United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina (metro highlight), 1973 – 1982.tif 1973–75: 7 Democrats, 4 Republicans

1975–77: 9 Democrats, 2 Republicans

1977–79: 9 Democrats, 2 Republicans

1979–81: 9 Democrats, 2 Republicans

1981–83: 7 Democrats, 4 Republicans

1983–1992 United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina, 1983 – 1992.tif United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina (metro highlight), 1983 – 1992.tif 1983–85: 9 Democrats, 2 Republicans

1985–87: 6 Democrats, 5 Republicans

1987–89: 8 Democrats, 3 Republicans

1989–91: 8 Democrats, 3 Republicans

1991–93: 7 Democrats, 4 Republicans

1993–1998 United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina, 1993 – 1998.tif United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina (metro highlight), 1993 – 1998.tif 1993–95: 8 Democrats, 4 Republicans

1995–97: 4 Democrats, 8 Republicans

1997–99: 6 Democrats, 6 Republicans

1999–2000 United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina, 1999 – 2000.tif United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina (metro highlight), 1999 – 2000.tif 1999–2001: 5 Democrats, 7 Republicans
2001–2002 United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina, 2001 – 2002.tif United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina (metro highlight), 2001 – 2002.tif 2001–03: 5 Democrats, 7 Republicans
2003–2013 United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina, 2003 – 2013.tif United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina (metro highlight), 2003 – 2013.tif 2003–05: 6 Democrats, 7 Republicans

2005–07: 6 Democrats, 7 Republicans

2007–09: 7 Democrats, 6 Republicans

2009–11: 8 Democrats, 5 Republicans

2011–13: 7 Democrats, 6 Republicans

2013–2016 United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina, since 2013.tif United States Congressional Districts in North Carolina (metro highlight), since 2013.tif 2013–15: 4 Democrats, 9 Republicans

2015–16: 3 Democrats, 10 Republicans

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ncleg.net/representation/Content/Plans/PlanPage_DB_2016.asp?Plan=2016_Contingent_Congressional_Plan_-_Corrected&Body=Congress
  2. ^ Blinder, Alan (2018). "North Carolina Congressional Map Ruled Unconstitutionally Gerrymandered". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/politics-government/article58760423.html
  4. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-court-voters-idUSKBN18I1SG?il=0
  5. ^ http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2017/05/in_cooper_v_harris_the_supreme_court_strikes_a_blow_against_racial_redistricting.html
  6. ^ Blinder, Alan (2018). "North Carolina Congressional Map Ruled Unconstitutionally Gerrymandered". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Supreme Court Blocks Redrawing of North Carolina Congressional Maps". Reuters. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  8. ^ Liptak, Adam. "Supreme Court Says Constitution Does Not Bar Partisan Gerrymandering". The New York Times. A.G. Sulzberger. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Common Cause v. Representative David R Lewis, et al. Judgement" (PDF). CommonCause.org. 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  10. ^ Doran, Will (3 September 2019). "After maps struck down in NC gerrymandering lawsuit, top Republican leader won't appeal". Herald Sun. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  11. ^ Timm, Jane C. (4 September 2019). "North Carolina judges slam GOP gerrymandering in stinging ruling, reject district maps". NBC News. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  12. ^ Chapman, Matthew (3 September 2019). "North Carolina court strikes down state house districts as unconstitutional gerrymander". Raw Story. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Digital Boundary Definitions of United States Congressional Districts, 1789–2012". Retrieved 18 October 2014.

External links[edit]