North Carolina's congressional districts
North Carolina is currently divided into 13 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives. After the 2000 Census, the number of North Carolina's seats was increased from 12 to 13 due to the state's increase in population.
Constitutionality of the 2010 redistricting
On February 2016, a three-judge panel of U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina judges ruled that the 1st and 12th districts' boundaries were unconstitutional and required new maps to be drawn by the legislature to be used for the 2016 election. On 22 May 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Cooper v. Harris, agreed that the 1st and 12th congressional district boundaries were unlawful racial gerrymanders, the latest in a series of cases dating back to 1993 by different parties challenging various configurations of those districts since their first creation.
In January 2018 a federal court struck down North Carolina's congressional map, declaring it unconstitutionally gerrymandered to favor Republican candidates. The court ordered that the North Carolina General Assembly must redraw the district maps prior to the 2018 congressional elections. However, the United States Supreme Court stayed the federal court order pending review, and in June 2019, the Supreme Court ruled in Rucho v. Common Cause, by a 5–4 vote, that partisan gerrymandering is a "political question" that the federal courts have no place to rule on.
Constitutionality of the 2017 redistricting
On 3 September 2019 a three-judge panel in a 357 page ruling unanimously threw out the Republican-led state legislature drawn 2017 enacted maps, which were drawn to replace the 2011 maps which were also ruled unconstitutional and thrown out on racial grounds. The court ruled that the state House and state Senate districts maps were such an extreme partisan gerrymander that they violated the state constitution. In the ruling the state legislature was ordered by the court to:
Immediately start drawing new maps, the court demanded that they be drawn based on criteria like population, contiguity, and county lines. Districts must be drawn without "partisan considerations and election results data," and done so in plain view, a pointed departure from the closed-door processes the ruling eschews. "At a minimum, that would require all map drawing to occur at public hearings, with any relevant computer screen visible to legislators and public observers," New maps must be completed in two weeks, the judges said. The court also said it reserved the right to move the 2020 primary election if needed.
If the ruling holds, it would ensure a fairly elected legislature in time for redistricting at the congressional level in 2021, which has also faced controversy as a partisan gerrymander. The Supreme Court opted to leave the current congressional map in place in a ruling this summer.
In October 2019, a panel of three judges ruled that the current map is an unfair partisan gerrymander and must be redrawn.
On 15 November 2019 the North Carolina General Assembly passed a bill that drew new districts that are to be used for the upcoming 2020 election. The 2nd and 6th districts were drawn to be more favorable to Democrats under the new proposal.
On 2 December 2019 a three-judge panel ruled that newly Republican-drawn congressional district maps completed in November 2019 will stand for federal elections in 2020. The maps allowed to stay in place on 2 December 2019 will only be used once. After the 2020 United States Census the congressional districts will be redrawn again in 2021.
Current districts and representatives
List of members of the North Carolinian United States House delegation, their terms, their district boundaries, and the districts' political rating according to the CPVI. The delegation has a total of 13 members, with 10 Republicans, and 3 Democrats. These districts reflect the 2016 proposal which was used in the 2016 and 2018 elections. New districts drawn and passed by the North Carolina General Assembly will be used for the upcoming 2020 elections.
G. K. Butterfield
|Democratic||D+17||20 July 2004 – present|
|Republican||R+7||3 January 2013 – present|
|3rd||Republican||R+12||17 September 2019 – present|
|Democratic||D+17||3 January 1997 – present|
|Republican||R+10||3 January 2005 – present|
|Republican||R+9||3 January 2015 – present|
|Republican||R+9||3 January 2015 – present|
|Republican||R+8||3 January 2013 – present|
|9th||Republican||R+8||17 September 2019 – present|
|Republican||R+12||3 January 2005 – present|
|11th||Vacant||R+14||Since March 30, 2020|
|Democratic||D+18||4 November 2014 – present|
|Republican||R+6||3 January 2017 – present|
Historical and present district boundaries
Table of United States congressional district boundary maps in the State of North Carolina, presented chronologically. All redistricting events that took place in North Carolina between 1973 and 2013 are shown, congressional composition is listed on the right.
- List of United States congressional districts
- North Carolina Democratic Party
- North Carolina Republican Party
- Shaw v. Reno
- Blythe, Anne (5 February 2016). "Federal court invalidates maps of two NC congressional districts". The Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on 29 September 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- "Supreme Court tosses Republican-drawn North Carolina voting districts". Reuters. 22 May 2017. Archived from the original on 22 May 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
- Stern, Mark Joseph (22 May 2017). "In Cooper v. Harris, the Supreme Court strikes a blow against racial redistricting". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on 29 October 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
- Blinder, Alan (2018). "North Carolina Congressional Map Ruled Unconstitutionally Gerrymandered". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- "Supreme Court Blocks Redrawing of North Carolina Congressional Maps". Reuters. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- Liptak, Adam. "Supreme Court Says Constitution Does Not Bar Partisan Gerrymandering". The New York Times. A.G. Sulzberger. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- "Common Cause v. Representative David R Lewis, et al. Judgement" (PDF). CommonCause.org. 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- Doran, Will (3 September 2019). "After maps struck down in NC gerrymandering lawsuit, top Republican leader won't appeal". Herald Sun. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
- Timm, Jane C. (4 September 2019). "North Carolina judges slam GOP gerrymandering in stinging ruling, reject district maps". NBC News. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- Chapman, Matthew (3 September 2019). "North Carolina court strikes down state house districts as unconstitutional gerrymander". Raw Story. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
- Williams, Pete (28 August 2019). "Court throws out North Carolina's congressional district maps". NBC News. Archived from the original on 29 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- "House Bill 1029 / SL 2019-249 (2019-2020 Session) - North Carolina General Assembly". www.ncleg.gov.
- Timm, Jane C. (2 December 2019). "In blow to North Carolina Democrats, court rules new GOP-drawn voting maps can be used for 2020". NBC News. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
- email@example.com, Kyle Perrotti. "Meadows officially resigns". The Mountaineer. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- "Digital Boundary Definitions of United States Congressional Districts, 1789–2012". Retrieved 18 October 2014.