North Kosovska Mitrovica
Location of the municipality of North Mitrovica within Kosovo
|District||District of Mitrovica|
|• Total||11 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||515 m (1,690 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,678/km2 (6,940/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
North Mitrovica, or North Kosovska Mitrovica (Albanian: Mitrovica e Veriut or Mitrovicë Veriore; Serbian: Северна Косовска Митровица / Severna Kosovska Mitrovica, known only as Ceвepнa Митровица / Severna Mitrovica), is a town and municipality located in Mitrovica District in Kosovo.[a] As of 2015, it has a population of 29,460 inhabitants. It covers an area of 11 km2 (4 sq mi).
North Mitrovica is a part of North Kosovo, a region with an ethnic Serb majority that functions largely autonomously from the remainder of ethnic Albanian-majority Kosovo. The municipality was established in 2013 after North Kosovo crisis, previously being the settlement of the city of Mitrovica, divided by the Ibar river.
The northern part of Mitrovica (listen (help·info); formerly "Kosovska Mitrovica") was commonly referred to as "North(ern) Kosovska Mitrovica" (Serbian: Северна Косовска Митровица/Severna Kosovska Mitrovica), however, as of late, the northern part is referred to as simply North Mitrovica (Albanian: Mitrovica e veriut; Serbian: Северна Митровица/Severna Mitrovica).
The city was officially part of Mitrovica, until its official separation in 2013. The separation came as a result of the North Kosovo crisis, following Kosovo's declaration of independence from Serbia in February 2008. The municipality was recognized by the Government of Kosovo in 2013 before the Kosovo local elections.
The city served as the de facto capital of the North Kosovo region which refused to work with the institutions of the Republic of Kosovo. Therefore, local Serbs formed the Assembly of Community of Municipalities, supported only by Serbia.
However, with the signing of the 2013 Brussels Agreement between the governments of Kosovo and Serbia, Serbia officially dropped its support for the assembly, agreeing to create a new Community of Serb Municipalities, an association of municipalities with Serb majority in Kosovo.
Its assembly will have no legislative authority and the judicial authorities will be integrated and operate within the Kosovo legal framework.
|Ethnic group||2015 est.|
Culture and education
North Mitrovica currently represents the most important political, cultural, educational and health centres for Serbs in Kosovo. It is the largest urban area in Kosovo where Serbs form the ethnic majority. The University of Pristina is located in the area, having relocated from Pristina to Mitrovica during the Kosovo War. In 2013, after November elections in Kosovo, North Mitrovica officially became a separate municipality.
The FK Trepča Sever and Rudar Kosovska Mitrovica are football clubs that are located in this part of the city. Currently FK Trepca plays in Serbian fourth-tier Morava Zone League while FK Rudar Kosovska Mitrovica plays in the fifth-tier Football First League of North Kosovo.
Trepča Mines factory
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 99 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 13 later withdrew their recognition.
- "North Mitrovica". osce.org. OSCE. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "2013 Elections in Kosovo: North Mitrovica, a separate municipality". KQZ-Ks.
- "2013 Kosovo Elections (Page 38): North Mitrovica" (PDF).
- "Community of Serb Municipalities in Kosovo to be formed". InSerbia News. November 2013.
- "Brussels Agreement 2013" (PDF).
Key number 10: 'The judicial authorities will be integrated and operate within the Kosovo legal framework ...
- "ESTIMATION of Kosovo population 2011" (PDF). ask.rks-gov.net. Government of Kosovo. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- osce.org. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe https://web.archive.org/web/20110606091415/http://www.osce.org/documents/html/pdftohtml/1208_en.pdf.html. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2017. Missing or empty
- "Official website". Retrieved 30 July 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to North Kosovska Mitrovica.|