2017 Norwegian parliamentary election

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2017 Norwegian parliamentary election

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All 169 seats in the Storting
85 seats are needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Jonas Gahr Støre undated.jpg Erna Solberg, Wesenberg, 2011 (1).jpg SivJensen2428 2E jpg DF0000062823.jpg
Leader Jonas Gahr Støre Erna Solberg Siv Jensen
Party Labour Conservative Progress
Last election 55 seats, 30.8% 48 seats, 26.8% 29 seats, 16.3%
Seats won 49 45 27
Seat change Decrease 6 Decrease 3 Decrease 2
Popular vote 800,949 732,897 444,683
Percentage 27.4% 25.0% 15.2%
Swing Decrease 3.4% Decrease 1.8% Decrease 1.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  04Hedmark, Trygve Magnus S. Vedum (3290479026).jpg Audun Lysbakken jamstalldhetsminister Norge.jpg Trine Skei Grande - 2010-04-10 at 11-17-01.jpg
Leader Trygve Slagsvold Vedum Audun Lysbakken Trine Skei Grande
Party Centre Socialist Left Liberal
Last election 10 seats, 5.5% 7 seats, 4.1% 9 seats, 5.2%
Seats won 19 11 8
Seat change Increase 9 Increase 4 Decrease 1
Popular vote 302,017 176,222 127,911
Percentage 10.3% 6.0% 4.4%
Swing Increase 4.8% Increase 1.9% Decrease 0.8%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Knut Arild Hareide (KrF).JPG Rasmus Hansson, Une Aina Bastholm (2016) portrait.jpg Bjørnar Moxnes 2016.jpg
Leader Knut Arild Hareide Rasmus Hansson
Une Aina Bastholm
Bjørnar Moxnes
Party Christian Democratic Green Red
Last election 10 seats, 5.6% 1 seat, 2.8% 0 seats, 1.1%
Seats won 8 1 1
Seat change Decrease 2 Steady Increase 1
Popular vote 122,797 94,788 70,522
Percentage 4.2% 3.2% 2.4%
Swing Decrease 1.4% Increase 0.4% Increase 1.3%

Norwegian General Election 2017.svg
Most voted party by county (left) and municipality (right)

Prime Minister before election

Erna Solberg

Elected Prime Minister

Erna Solberg

A parliamentary election was held in Norway on 11 September 2017 to elect all 169 members of the unicameral Norwegian Parliament, the Storting. The non-socialist parties retained a reduced majority of 88 seats, allowing Prime Minister Erna Solberg's Conservative-Progress coalition to remain in government.[1][2] The Liberal Party joined the coalition in January 2018 but it remained a minority cabinet until the Christian Democratic Party joined the coalition in 2019. The three largest centre-left parties won 79 seats. The Green Party retained its single seat, while the Red Party won its first ever seat.

Previous election[edit]

The last parliamentary elections in Norway were held on 9 September 2013. The outcome was a victory for the Conservatives and their populist right-wing allies. The Conservative Party, led by Erna Solberg, and the right-wing populist Progress Party formed a two-party minority government, with Solberg as Prime Minister. The two parties received confidence and supply from two centrist parties, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

The election used party-list proportional representation in nineteen multi-member constituencies, one for each of the counties of Norway.

The number of members to be returned from each constituency varies between 4 and 19. To determine the apportionment of the 169 seats amongst the 19 counties, a two-tier formula is used, based on population and geographic size. Each inhabitant counts one point, while each square kilometer counts 1.8 points.[4]

150 of the seats are regular district seats. These are awarded based on the election results in each county, and are unaffected by results in other counties. Nineteen of the seats (one for each county) are leveling seats, awarded to parties who win fewer seats than their share of the national popular vote otherwise entitles them to. A modification of the Sainte-Lague method, where the first quotient for each party is calculated using a divisor of 1.4 instead of 1, is used to allocate both the constituency and leveling seats. A party must win 4% of the popular vote in order to win compensation seats, but may still win district seats even if it fails to reach this threshold. The system for apportioning seats is biased in favour of rural areas since the area of the county is a factor, but the system of compensation seats reduces the effect this has on final party strength.[5]


According to the Norwegian constitution, parliamentary elections must be held every four years. The Norwegian parliament may not be dissolved before such a four-year term has ended, a rather rare trait of a political system found in few, if any democracies besides Norway and the USA.

On 22 April 2016, the Norwegian government announced that the date of the election is set to be Monday, 11 September 2017.[6] Additionally, each municipal council may vote to extend voting by one day, by also opening the polling stations on Sunday, 10 September.

Participating parties[edit]

Eight political parties were represented in the Norwegian parliament prior to the election, all of whom went on to contest the 2017 election.

Additionally, the far-left Red Party led by Bjørnar Moxnes secured its first seat via a direct mandate in Oslo district. It had failed to secure representation in previous elections. The party is officially Communist in orientation and is a successor to the Red Electoral Alliance, which had previously won a seat in the 1993 election.

Opinion polling[edit]

Seat predictions[edit]


e • d Summary of the 11 September 2017 Norwegian parliamentary election results
Norway Storting 2017.svg
Party Votes Seats
# % ± # ±
Labour Party (Ap) 800,949 27.37 -3.5 49 -6
Conservative Party (H) 732,897 25.04 -1.8 45 -3
Progress Party (FrP) 444,683 15.19 -1.2 27 -2
Centre Party (Sp) 302,017 10.32 +4.8 19 +9
Socialist Left Party (SV) 176,222 6.02 +1.9 11 +4
Liberal Party (V) 127,911 4.37 -0.8 8 -1
Christian Democratic Party (KrF) 122,797 4.20 -1.4 8 -2
Green Party (MDG) 94,788 3.24 +0.4 1 0
Red Party (R) 70,522 2.41 +1.3 1 +1
Pensioners' Party (PP) 12,855 0.44 +0.0 0 +0
Health Party 10,337 0.35 new 0 new
The Christians (PDK) 8,700 0.30 -0.3 0 +0
Capitalist Party 5,599 0.19 new 0 new
Democrats in Norway (DEM) 3,830 0.1 +0.1 0 +0
Pirate Party 3,356 0.1 -0.2 0 +0
The Alliance 3,311 0.1 new 0 new
Coastal Party (KP) 2,467 0.1 +0.0 0 +0
Nordmøre List 2,135 0.1 new 0 new
Feminist Initiative (FI) 696 0.0 new 0 new
Communist Party of Norway (NKP) 309 0.0 +0.0 0 +0
Norway Party 151 0.0 new 0 new
Party of Values 151 0.0 new 0 new
Society Party 104 0.0 +0.0 0 +0
Northern Assembly 59 0.0 new 0 new
Totals 2,945,352 100.0 169 ±0
Blank and invalid votes 23,681 0.8 +0.2
Registered voters/turnout 3,765,245 78.2 -0.1
Source: valgresultat.no
Popular vote
Seat distribution
The disproportionality in the 2017 election was 3.29 according to the Gallagher Index


Results by municipality[edit]

Government formation and aftermath[edit]

Prime Minister Solberg set out to form a governing coalition between the Conservative Party, Progress Party, Liberal Party, and the Christian Democrats. In late-September 2017, the Christian Democrats left coalition talks due to the inclusion of the Progress Party.[14]

On 14 January 2018, a government was formed by the Conservative Party, the Progress Party and the Liberal Party.[15]

The Christian Democrats voted at a party conference to join Solberg's government on 2 November 2018 and on 16 January 2019, Solberg's Conservatives struck a deal with the Christian Democratic Party. This marked the first time since 1985 that Norway would be getting a majority government representing right-wing parties in the Storting.[16][17]

On 20 January 2020, the Progress Party decided to withdraw from the government due to a decision by Solberg to repatriate a woman linked to Islamic State and her children back to Norway. Solberg said that she would continue to head a minority government and the other parties in the coalition (Liberal Party, Christian Democrats) said they would also continue to serve in it.[18][19][20]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ "Valgresultat.no". Valgresultat.no. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
  2. ^ "Valgresultat for Norge – Valg 2017". Nrk.no. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
  3. ^ "Drømmen om en bred borgerlig regjering er knust | BA". Ba.no. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
  4. ^ "The main features of the Norwegian electoral system". Dagbladet. Retrieved November 29, 2009.
  5. ^ "Rødgrønt flertall uansett valgordning". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). September 28, 2009.
  6. ^ moderniseringsdepartementet, Kommunal- og (22 April 2016). "Valgdagen blir 11. september 2017". Regjeringen.no.
  7. ^ "Høyre og konservatismen - Høyre". Hoyre.no. 2008-11-25. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
  8. ^ Allern 2010, p. 26: "The Norwegian Progress Party is...traditionally characterised as a borderline case of the extreme or radical right (Ignazi 1992: 13–15; Kitschelt 1995: 121; Ignazi 2003: 157), and Mudde (2007:19) characterises FrP as a non-radical populist party"; see also: p.212.
  9. ^ Widfeldt 2014, p. 83: "The academic literature is not unanimous in classifying FrP as an extreme right party. Cas Mudde, in his book from 2007, argues that FrP does not belong to the populist radical right family... Instead, he classifies FrP as a "neoliberal populist party". Other writers, however, do place FrP in the same category...even if they in some cases do so with qualifications"; see also: p.16.
  10. ^ "Forskere: Frp er høyrepopulistisk", Verdens Gang (NTB), 14.09.2013. "- Ja, de er høyrepopulister. Men sammenlignet med andre slike partier i Europa er de en moderat utgave og har sterkere innslag av liberalkonservative strømninger, sier Jupskås." ("Yes, they are right-wing populists. But compared to similar parties in Europe, they are a moderate version, and have stronger elements of liberal-conservative currents, Jupskås (Anders Ravik Jupskås, lecturer Department of Political Science, University of Oslo) says.")
  11. ^ "Høyre og Frp frir til konservativt Sp - Aftenposten". Aftenposten.no. 2013-04-05. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
  12. ^ "KrF og Venstre må holde sammen - Venstre". Venstre.no. 2013-03-09. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
  13. ^ "pollofpolls.no - Gjennomsnitt av nasjonale meningsmålinger om stortingsvalg". www.pollofpolls.no. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
  14. ^ "Norway's Christian Democrats Quit Government Negotiations". The Local. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  15. ^ Erna Solberg: Her er den blågrønne regjeringens plattform NRK, 14 January 2018
  16. ^ Schaart, Eline (2018-11-02). "Norwegian government safe after Christian party votes to join its ranks". Politico Europe. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  17. ^ Henry, Galaxy (2019-01-18). "Norway: PM Solberg strikes deal to form center-right majority". Politico Europe. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  18. ^ Tjernshaugen, Karen; Ole Ask, Alf; Ruud, Solveig; Magne, Kjetil. "Frp går ut av regjeringen. Nå er stolleken om hvem som skal overta statsrådspostene i gang". Aftenposten (in Norwegian Bokmål).
  19. ^ "Norway left with minority government after populists quit". ABC News.
  20. ^ "Norway PM Solberg says to stay in office with minority government".