Nyquist (horse)

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Nyquist
Nyquist in training.jpg
Nyquist in a workout prior to the 2016 Preakness
Breed Thoroughbred
Sire Uncle Mo
Grandsire Indian Charlie
Dam Seeking Gabrielle
Damsire Forestry
Sex Stallion
Foaled (2013-03-10) March 10, 2013 (age 5)
Country United States
Color Bay
Breeder Summerhill Farm
Owner J. Paul Reddam, Reddam Racing
Trainer Doug O'Neill
Record 11: 8–0–1
Earnings US $5,189,200[1]
Major wins

Best Pal Stakes (2015)
Del Mar Futurity (2015)
FrontRunner Stakes (2015)
Breeders' Cup Juvenile (2015)
San Vicente Stakes (2016)
Florida Derby (2016)

Triple Crown Race wins:
Kentucky Derby (2016)
Awards
American Champion Two-Year-Old Male Horse (2015)

Nyquist (foaled March 10, 2013)[2] is a retired American Thoroughbred racehorse, winner of the 2016 Kentucky Derby. He also won the 2015 Breeders' Cup Juvenile, becoming only the second horse to complete the Juvenile-Derby double.[3] He became the eighth undefeated winner of the Kentucky Derby, and the first since Big Brown in 2008. He received the 2015 Eclipse Award for Champion Two-Year-Old.

He is the second Kentucky Derby winner after Morvich to win the race while undefeated after winning Champion Two Year Old the year before, and then never winning again.

Background[edit]

Nyquist is a bay colt with no discernible white markings.[4] He is owned and trained by the same team who won the 2012 Kentucky Derby with I'll Have Another, J. Paul Reddam and Doug O'Neill. As Reddam is a fan of ice hockey, he named the colt after Gustav Nyquist, who plays for the Detroit Red Wings. On the morning of the Kentucky Derby, the NHL brought the Stanley Cup to Churchill Downs, where Nyquist (the horse) posed with it.[5]

Nyquist was bred in Kentucky by Summerhill Farm, which purchased his dam, Seeking Gabrielle, in 2011 for $45,000.[6] In 2012, Seeking Gabrielle was bred to Uncle Mo, then a first-year sire standing for $35,000.[7] Seeking Gabrielle was offered for sale at the 2012 Keeneland Sales with Nyquist in utero, but failed to meet her reserve. Nyquist was foaled on March 10, 2013, at Coolmore's Ashford Stud in Versailles, Kentucky. His breeder, Tim Hyde Jr, summarized his prime attributes: "Really good walker, really good attitude. He has a lot of presence."[6]

Nyquist went through the sales ring three times, first as a weanling at Keeneland November, selling for $180,000. Next he sold as a yearling at the Keeneland September auction for $230,000. At two, he sold at the Fasig-Tipton March sale for $400,000 to Dennis O'Neill on behalf of his brother, trainer Doug O'Neill.[8] Days after he won the Breeders' Cup Juvenile, Darley America purchased his breeding rights.[9]

2015: Two-year-old season[edit]

Nyquist, ridden by Mario Gutierrez, began his racing career on June 15, 2015, in a five-furlong maiden special weight at Santa Anita Park. He went straight to the lead, was passed in the stretch by Annie's Candy, but fought back and won by a head.[10] He next ran on August 8 in the grade II Best Pal Stakes at Del Mar. He went off as the even money favorite in a field of six. He stalked just off the pace, then swung wide on the turn to take the lead. He drew away to win by ​5 12 lengths, with Swipe in second and Annie's Candy a half-length back in third. After the race, trainer Doug O'Neil said, "If he stays injury free, he's got the mind of a champ." [11]

Nyquist's third start was on September 7 in the grade I Del Mar Futurity at seven furlongs. He was the odds-on favorite at 1–2 in a field of six that included old foes Annie's Candy and Swipe. He tracked in third behind Annie's Candy, who set a quick pace of 44.54 seconds for the first half mile. As they headed into the stretch, Nyquist moved past Annie's Candy and though "geared down" in the stretch won by ​3 34 lengths over Swipe.[12]

Next was the grade I FrontRunner Stakes on September 26 at Santa Anita. At ​1 116 mile, this was Nyquist's first race around two turns. He faced eight rivals and was made the 1–2 favorite. Nyquist fought for the early lead and entered the first turn three wide. Gutierrez then settled him just off the pace through a moderate half mile in 47.01 seconds. Nyquist went to the lead at the top of the stretch and then held off a stretch drive by Swipe to win.[8] There was a stewards' inquiry regarding possible interference down the stretch, but the results stood. The margin of victory was only three-quarters of a length, which, combined with a relatively slow time, led to questions about his stamina.[13]

Nyquist then was flown to Lexington, Kentucky, for the Breeders' Cup Juvenile on October 31. In a field of 14, he went off as third favorite at 4.70–1. Nyquist was bumped hard at the start and was forced to race from behind. He was four wide around the first turn and backstretch, then swung six wide in the final turn. He went to the lead at the top of the stretch and held off the rapidly closing Swipe by half a length, with Brody's Cause and Exaggerator just back in a blanket finish.[14]

At the Eclipse Awards for 2015, Nyquist was named American Champion Two-Year-Old Male Horse, taking 255 of the 261 votes.[15]

2016: Three-year-old season[edit]

Nyquist in the starting gate at the Kentucky Derby

Nyquist began his three-year-old season on February 15 in the San Vicente Stakes at seven furlongs. Because of the shorter distance, the San Vincente is not part of the official Road to the Kentucky Derby, so is no longer commonly entered by Derby contenders. However, using a sprint to begin Nyquist's preparation was a throwback to the training methods of decades past.[16] Going off as 2–5 favorite, Nyquist dueled for the lead with Sheikh of Sheikhs in a fast opening half mile of 44.49, then pulled away coming around the far turn. Exaggerator challenged him down the stretch, at one point closing to within half a length, before Nyquist again pulled away, eventually winning by ​1 12 lengths. The winning time of 1:20.71 was the third fastest in the history of the race. Keith Desormeaux, trainer of Exaggerator, said, "Anybody not a believer in Nyquist now—that was an awesome race. To set those kinds of fractions and still finish in close to track record time for a 3-year-old in February? Wow. Hat's off to Nyquist."[17]

A Fasig-Tipton $1,000,000 bonus was available if he won the Florida Derby, as he went through the Fasig-Tipton ring at two.[18] For that reason, rather than running in the Santa Anita Derby on his home track to earn Kentucky Derby points, the colt ran in the Florida Derby at Gulfstream Park. Nyquist challenged previously-undefeated Mohaymen.[19] For his first race at 1 1/8 miles, Nyquist went off as the 6–5 second choice in a field of 10. He went straight to the lead and set moderate opening fractions, racing wide a track rated as good. Mohaymen challenged on the far turn but was carried even wider to get around Nyquist. Nyquist drew away, winning by ​3 14 lengths. Majesto closed on the rail for second, while Mohaymen dropped back to fourth.[20]

Triple Crown series[edit]

Nyquist led early on in the Preakness before finishing third

For the Kentucky Derby on May 7, Nyquist drew post position 13 in a full field of 20. Going off as the 2–1 favorite, Nyquist broke well and sprinted to the lead to establish position close to the rail. Gutierrez then eased back on the colt while Danzing Candy rushed up on the outside to set a very fast pace. Gun Runner tracked in third and then moved to the lead when Danzing Candy started to tire around the far turn. Nyquist responded and drew away from the field at the head of the stretch, then withstood a sustained drive by Exaggerator to win by ​1 14 lengths. Gun Runner finished third with Mohaymen in fourth.[21]

At the 2016 Preakness Stakes, on a wet track, Nyquist became the victim of a blistering early pace and came in third behind winner Exaggerator and second-place finisher Cherry Wine.[22] Nyquist developed a fever the day after the Preakness and Doug O'Neill decided to postpone shipping Nyquist to Belmont Park.[23] Nyquist was withdrawn from the Belmont Stakes on May 24 after developing a high leucocyte count.

Post Triple Crown[edit]

After being scratched from the Belmont, Nyquist remained at Pimlico to receive treatment, and his connections hoped at the time to start in the Travers Stakes in August.[24]

He next ran the Haskell Invitational at Monmouth Park which ended up being exactly like the Preakness for him. Got in a speed duel on a sloppy track, stuck on the rail and Exaggerator took off to win. He took yet another rest and ran in the Pennsylvania Derby. Finally on a fast track for the first time since May, everyone thought this would be the his race to win but he faded to sixth.[25]

The plan from there was to run in the Breeders' Cup Classic, but the Thursday before after sluggish workout it was found Nyquist had puffy ankles and was withdrawn from the race.[26] Shortly thereafter, he was retired to stand at Darley's Jonabell Stud in Lexington, Kentucky[27] despite his owners having purchased a spot in the Pegasus World Cup.[28]

Stud Career[edit]

Nyquist was advertised to stand his first year at stud in 2017 for a fee of $40,000.[29] On December 22, 2016, Nyquist underwent surgery at Hagyard Equine Medical Institute in Lexington for colic. He recovered well.[30]

Race record[edit]

Date Track Race Grade Distance Finish Time
6/5/2015 Santa Anita Park Maiden Maiden 5 furlongs 1 0:56.43
8/8/2015 Del Mar racetrack Best Pal Stakes II 6 1/2 furlongs 1 1:16.84
9/7/2015 Del Mar racetrack Del Mar Futurity I 7 furlongs 1 1:23.28
9/26/2015 Santa Anita Park FrontRunner Stakes I 1 1/16 miles 1 1:44.89
10/31/2015 Keeneland Breeders' Cup Juvenile I 1 1/16 miles 1 1:43.79
2/15/2016 Santa Anita Park San Vicente Stakes II 7 furlongs 1 1:20.71
4/2/2016 Gulfstream Park Florida Derby I 1 1/8 miles 1 1:49.11
5/7/2016 Churchill Downs Kentucky Derby I 1 1/4 miles 1 2:01.31
5/21/2016 Pimlico Race Course Preakness Stakes I 1 3/16 miles 3 1:58.31
7/31/2016 Monmouth Park Haskell Invitational I 1 1/8 miles 4 1:48.30
9/24/2016 Parx Racing Pennsylvania Derby II 1 1/8 miles 6 1:50.20

Pedigree[edit]

Nyquist is from the first crop of Uncle Mo, and is the first foal out of Seeking Gabrielle. Helped by Nyquist's earnings, Uncle Mo led the 2015 freshman sire list in America, setting an earnings record.[31] Uncle Mo also sired several other stakes winners in the first crop, two of which joined Nyquist in the field for the 2016 Kentucky Derby.

Uncle Mo and broodmare sire, Forestry, both never won beyond 8.5 furlongs. This pattern of speed over speed, along with several statistical measures used to help classify a horse's pedigree, once again raised concerns about Nyquist's stamina.[16] For example, Nyquist has a dosage profile (DP) of 1–2–1–0–0, which reflects that the two most prominent sires in his pedigree, Mr. Prospector and Storm Cat, are considered speed influences. Kentucky Derby winner Pleasant Colony is the only "classic" influence in the first four generations of Nyquist's pedigree.[32] The resultant Dosage Index (DI) is 7.00.[33]

On the other hand, Nyquist's female family has many stamina influences that appear farther back in the pedigree. For example, Ribot, who twice won the Arc de Triomphe, appears twice in Seeking Gabrielle's pedigree. Like 2015 Triple Crown winner American Pharoah, Nyquist is a 5th generation descendant of Triple Crown winner Secretariat through Terlingua.

Pedigree of Nyquist, bay colt, foaled March 10, 2013[34]
Sire
Uncle Mo
b. 2008
Indian Charlie
b. 1995
In Excess (IRE)
dkb/br. 1987
Siberian Express
Kantado
Soviet Sojourn
b. 1989
Leo Castelli
Political Parfait
Playa Maya
dkb/br. 2000
Arch
dkb/br. 1995
Kris S.
Aurora
Dixie Slippers
dkb/br. 1995
Dixieland Band
Cyane's Slippers
Dam
Seeking Gabrielle
ch. 2007
Forestry
b. 1996
Storm Cat
dkb/br. 1983
Storm Bird
Terlingua
Shared Interest
b. 1988
Pleasant Colony
Surgery
Seeking Regina
ch. 1992
Seeking the Gold
b. 1985
Mr. Prospector
Con Game
Fulbright Scholar
ch. 1985
Cox's Ridge
Matriculation (Family 6-f)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Horse Profile – Nyquist (KY)". Equibase. Retrieved November 1, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Nyquist pedigree". Equineline. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Unbeaten champion Nyquist wins Kentucky Derby". Americasbestracing.net. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  4. ^ Harris, Beth (May 7, 2016). "Canadian-owned Nyquist wins Kentucky Derby". thestar.com. Retrieved May 13, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Kentucky Derby favorite Nyquist spends time with Stanley Cup". sportsnet.ca. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Tales from the Crib: Nyquist". kentuckyderby.com. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Hot Sire: Uncle Mo's first crop in demand". drf.com. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Paulick Staff Report (September 26, 2015). "Nyquist Extends Streak to Four with Frontrunner Victory". Paulick Report. Retrieved October 31, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Darley Secures Breeding Rights to Nyquist". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Equibase chart – Santa Anita 06/05/2015". www.equibase.com. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  11. ^ Balan, Jeremy (August 8, 2015). "Nyquist Draws Off in Best Pal Stakes". www.bloodhorse.com. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  12. ^ Hammonds, Evan (September 7, 2015). "Nyquist Takes Del Mar Futurity Under Wraps". www.bloodhorse.com. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Nyquist continues to shine but speed ratings illustrate a challenge". www.twinspires.com. 
  14. ^ Equibase.com. "Equibase chart – Keeneland – 10/31/2015". www.equibase.com. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  15. ^ Lewyn, Myra (January 16, 2016). "Nyquist Named Champion 2-Year-Old Male". The Blood-Horse. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  16. ^ a b Haskins, Steve (May 8, 2016). "Lesson Learned from Nyquist and Team O'Neill". www.bloodhorse.com. Retrieved May 10, 2016. 
  17. ^ Balan, Jeremy (February 15, 2016). "Nyquist scores in San Vincente, still unbeaten". www.bloodhorse.com. Retrieved May 10, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Nyquist Among Eligibles for $1 Million Bonus in Gulfstream's Florida Derby". www.gulfstreampark.com. Retrieved February 28, 2016. 
  19. ^ Hoppert, Melissa (April 2, 2016). "Nyquist Wins Florida Derby Showdown to Become Kentucky Derby Favorite". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2016. 
  20. ^ Pedula, Tom (April 2, 2016). "Nyquist Trounces Mohaymen in Florida Derby". www.bloodhorse.com. Retrieved May 10, 2016. 
  21. ^ Balan, Jeremy (May 7, 2016). "Nyquist Unrelenting in Kentucky Derby Victory". The Blood-Horse. Retrieved May 8, 2016. 
  22. ^ http://www.bloodhorse.com/horse-racing/articles/211811/exaggerator-turns-the-tables-wins-preakness
  23. ^ Cherwa, John (May 23, 2016). "Nyquist develops a fever, did not ship to Belmont". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 24, 2016. 
  24. ^ Lintner, Jonathan (May 24, 2016). "Nyquist out of the 2016 Belmont Stakes with health issue". Courier-Journal. courier-journal.com. Retrieved May 25, 2016. 
  25. ^ LaMarra, Tom. "Exaggerator Rebounds With Haskell Victory". Blood Horse. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 
  26. ^ Cherwa, John. "Nyquist out of Classic, his rocky post-Kentucky Derby career a reflection of so many other champions". latimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-04. 
  27. ^ "Derby Winner Nyquist Retired". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  28. ^ Lintner, Jonathan. "Nyquist, Chrome owners buy into new World Cup". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  29. ^ "Nyquist will stand for $40,000 as Darley announces 2017 stud fees". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved 2017-01-04. 
  30. ^ "Nyquist recovering from colic surgery". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved 2017-01-04. 
  31. ^ Angst, Frank (May 2, 2016). "Uncle Mo Looks for First-Crop Classic Glory". The Blood-Horse. Retrieved May 10, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Nyquist Horse Pedigree". 
  33. ^ "Simon: Dosage, dual qualifiers, and the Derby | Daily Racing Form". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved 2017-07-10. 
  34. ^ http://www.equineline.com/Free-5X-Pedigree.cfm/Nyquist?page_state=DISPLAY_REPORT&reference_number=9492600&registry=T&horse_name=Nyquist&dam_name=Seeking%20Gabrielle&foaling_year=2013&include_sire_line=Y