Oland lighthouse (Germany)
|Location||Oland, North Frisian islands|
|Year first constructed||1929|
|Year first lit||1929|
|Foundation||armoured concrete plate with masoned cobblestone basement|
|Tower shape||square tower|
|Markings / pattern||unpainted red brick tower with thatched roof|
|Height||7.4 metres (24 ft)|
|Focal height||7.5 metres (25 ft)|
|Original lens||belt lens|
|Range||13.8 nm (white), 10.8 nm (red), 9.8 nm (green)|
|Admiralty number||B 1714|
Oland lighthouse (German: Leuchtturm Oland) is Germany's smallest lighthouse, being only 7.4 metres (24 ft) tall. It is located on the small North Frisian island of Oland. It serves as a cross light for the Föhrer Ley and Dagebüll channels. It is Germany's only lighthouse with a thatched roof.
This small brick lighthouse was erected in 1929. Lit in the same year, it is still being maintained by a keeper. Until 1954 when it was electrified, the lantern was lit by liquified gas. For maintenance, the optic can be drawn out of the lantern casing on a slide. Its characteristic is "fixed", i.e. a continuous light, with white, red and green sectors. The red sector shines to the north and the green sector shines to the west. The white sector shines between the two colored sectors or broadly towards the northwest or towards the town of Wyk on the island of Fohr from where it can be seen as a white light.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Germany: North Frisia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Oland and Geschichte (in German) Tönning Water and Shipping Office.
- "Leuchtfeuer Oland". Leuchtturm-Atlas (in German).
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