Old Georgian language
Old Georgian of Bir El Qutt inscriptions
|Native to||Colchis, Kingdom of Iberia, Kingdom of Georgia|
|Era||5th to 11th centuries|
Old Georgian (Georgian: ძველი ქართული ენა) was the literary language of Georgia beginning in the 5th century. The language remains as the only liturgical language of the Georgian Orthodox Church.
Fähnrich (1994) distinguishes three stages of Old Georgian: Chanmeti (4th to 7th centuries), Haemeti (7th and 8th centuries) and Sani (9th to 11th centuries), noting grammatical difference between the extant texts of these stages. The texts of the Chanmeti and Haemeti stages (also known as "Early Old Georgian") are almost exclusively religious in nature, but from the 9th century (Sani, also known as "Classical Old Georgian"), there was a literary tradition with a wider scope, including philosophical and historiographical documents.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Old Georgian". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Tuite, Kevin (2008). "Early Georgian". In Woodard, Roger D. The Ancient Languages of Asia Minor. Cambridge University Press. p. 146. ISBN 9780521684965.
- Childers, Jeff W. (2012). "The Georgian Version of the New Testament". In Ehrman, Bart D.; Holmes, Michael W. The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research Essays on the Status Quaestionis. Brill. p. 295. ISBN 900423604X.
- Fähnrich, H. (1994). Grammatik der altgeorgischen Sprache. Hamburg: Buske.
|Old Georgian language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|