Old Protestant Cemetery (Macau)
The Old Protestant Cemetery (Chinese: 基督教墳場; Portuguese: Cemitério Protestante) is a cemetery in Santo António, Macau, China. It was established by the British East India Company in 1821 in Portuguese Macau in response to a lack of burial sites for Protestants in the Roman Catholic Portuguese colony.
It is the last resting place of the artist George Chinnery, missionaries Robert Morrison and Samuel Dyer (his wife Maria is buried at the Old Protestant Cemetery in Penang), Royal Navy captain Henry John Spencer-Churchill (son of the 5th Duke of Marlborough and great-great-grand-uncle of Winston Churchill) and US Naval Lieutenant Joseph Harod Adams (grandson of the second president of the United States, John Adams, and nephew of the sixth, John Quincy Adams). Humphrey Fleming Senhouse, a captain in the Royal Navy, is also buried here.
Macau was considered by the Portuguese to be sacred Roman Catholic ground and the authorities barred the burial of Protestants within its city walls, whilst on the other side of the barrier gate the Chinese were equally as intolerant of the burial of foreigners in its soil. This left the Protestant community of British, American and Northern European traders with the only option of a secret night-time burial in the land between the city walls and the barrier gate, and the risk of confrontation with Chinese should they be discovered, or worse, desecration of the grave once they had gone.
The matter was finally resolved in 1821 after the death of Robert Morrison's wife, Mary, when the local committee of the East India Company voted to purchase a plot of land and resolve its legal status with the Portuguese such that the burial of Protestants would be permitted there. Later, the East India Company allowed burial of all foreigners, and several graves were moved from other locations outside the city walls into the cemetery, explaining why some graves are dated before its founding in 1821. Nationals of Britain, the United States of America, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden and Germany are buried there.
The cemetery was closed in 1858, after which the cemetery began to be referred to as the "Old" Protestant Cemetery.
Adjoining the cemetery is the Morrison Chapel, named in honour of Robert Morrison.
- List of cemeteries in Macau
- St Michael Macau - Chapel and Cemetery (Cemitério S Miguel Arcanjo) – Catholic 1854–
- Religion in Macau
- Ride, Lindsay & Ride, May, An East India Company Cemetery: Protestant Burials in Macau
- Ride, Lindsay, The Old Protestant Cemetery in Macau
- Coates, Austin, A Macau Narrative
- Robert Morrison, A Master Builder; Marshall Broomhall; China Inland Mission 1925
- The Memoir of Samuel Dyer: Sixteen Years Missionary to the Chinese by Evan Davies, John Snow, London, 1846
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Old Protestant Cemetery in Macau.|
- Morrison Chapel Website
- Information about the Morrison Chapel (some information is out of date – see link below)
- Report on the appointment of a new clergy-in-charge at the Morrison Chapel
- Ola Macau Guide entry on the Old Protestant Cemetery