Portas do Cerco

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Portas do Cerco
Brána obležení, Macao.jpg
The Portas do Cerco in 2016
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 關閘
Simplified Chinese 关闸
Literal meaning border gate
Portuguese name
Portuguese Portas do Cerco

The Portas do Cerco is an area in Nossa Senhora de Fátima, Macau, China. Located on the northern tip of the Macau Peninsula, it is known by the Barrier Gate separating Macau from mainland China. The Portuguese built the gate in 1849 to replace a crumbling wall that the Chinese erected during the Ming dynasty in 1573.[1][2] The Chinese built a garrisoned wall to control the flow of people and goods.[3] It was the site of the Passaleão incident, a clash between the Qing dynasty and the Kingdom of Portugal in 1849 over the death of Macau's governor Ferreira do Amaral. Led by Colonel Mesquita, Portugal won the small battle which led to the extension of Macau's border northwards.[4] At the limit of said expansion, the Portas do Cerco was built with the inscription "A pátria honrai, que a pátria vos contempla" (Portuguese for "Honor your motherland, for your motherland looks over you") on the façade on its inner arch in 1849. The Barrier Gate served as a de facto boundary, but the precise limits of Macau's border has never been formally demarcated.[5]

Macau, now a special administrative region of China, still has an official border with Zhuhai in mainland China a few meters behind the old barrier gate. The new Posto Fronteiriço das Portas do Cerco (border gate border building) was opened on 15 January 2004.

History[edit]

Chinese encampment outside the first Barrier Gate on Zhongshan Island, by Auguste Borget (published 1842)

The first formalised border crossing was built in 1573, which was subsequently repaired and rebuilt several times until the present border gate was erected in 1870.[6] It was the site of the Battle of the Barrier between British and Chinese forces on 19 August 1840.

During the 1950s and 1960s the Portas do Cerco was also referred to as Far Eastern Checkpoint Charlie with a major border incident happening in 1952 with Portuguese African Troops exchanging fire with Chinese Communist border guards.[7] According to reports, the exchange lasted for one and three quarter hours leaving one dead and several dozens injured on Macau side and more than 100 casualties claimed on the Communist Chinese side.[8]

Transport[edit]

Transmac

  • 5, 9, 9A, 16, 17, 25, 25X, 28C, 34, 51A, AP1, AP1X, MT4

New Era/Nova Era

  • 3, 3A, 3X, 10, 10B, 18, 27, 30, 30X

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fodor, Eugene; Fisher, Robert C. (1962). Fodor's Japan and East Asia. p. 512.
  2. ^ Garrett, Richard J. (2010). The Defences of Macau: Forts, Ships and Weapons Over 450 Years. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. pp. 18–19. ISBN 9888028499.
  3. ^ Mendes, Carmen Amado (2013). Portugal, China and the Macau Negotiations, 1986-1999. Hong Kong University Press. p. 10. ISBN 9789888139002.
  4. ^ Lindsay Ride; May Ride; Jason Wordie (1 July 1999). The Voices of Macao Stones: The Nanjing Massacre Witnessed by American and British Nationals. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 49, 85. ISBN 978-962-209-487-1. 
  5. ^ Breitung, Werner (2013). "Macau in the eyes of a border scholar". The Newsletter. No. 64. p. 25. International Institute for Asian Studies.
  6. ^ Wordie, Jason (2013). "1. Portas do Cerco". Macao - People and Places, Past and Present. Hong Kong: Angsana Limited. p. 2. ISBN 978-988-12696-0-7. 
  7. ^ Wordie, Jason (2013). "1. Portas do Cerco". Macao - People and Places, Past and Present. Hong Kong: Angsana Limited. pp. 6–7. ISBN 978-988-12696-0-7. 
  8. ^ "Macao Portuguese Fire Over Border". The West Australian. Perth: Perth, W. A. : A. Davidson, for the West Australian, 1879. 1952-07-31. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°12′53″N 113°32′56″E / 22.2147°N 113.5488°E / 22.2147; 113.5488