Ontario Superior Court of Justice

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Superior Court of Justice
Cour supérieure de justice (French)
Jurisdiction Ontario
Composition method appointed by the federal government
Authorized by inherent jurisdiction at common law[1]
Decisions are appealed to Court of Appeal for Ontario
Judge term length mandatory retirement by age of 75
Number of positions over 300[2]
Website ontariocourts.ca/scj
Chief Justice of the
Superior Court of Justice
Currently Heather Forster Smith
Since 2002

The Superior Court of Justice (French: Cour supérieure de justice) is a superior court in Ontario. The Court sits in 52 locations across the province, including 17 Family Court locations, and consists of over 300 federally appointed judges.[1]

In 1999, the Superior Court of Justice was renamed from the Ontario Court (General Division). The Superior Court is one of two divisions of the Court of Ontario. The other division is the lower court, the Ontario Court of Justice.[1] The Superior Court has three specialized branches: Divisional Court, Small Claims Court, and Family Court.

The Superior Court has inherent jurisdiction over civil, criminal, and family law matters at common law.[1][3] Although the Court has inherent jurisdiction, the authority of the Court has been entrenched in the Canadian Constitution.[4]

Branches[edit]

The Superior Court of Justice has three branches:

Divisional Court[edit]

The Divisional Court hears appeals from some judgments and orders of judges of the Superior Court of Justice and reviews or hears appeals from decisions of administrative tribunals. It hears all appeals from a final order of the Superior Court where the award does not exceed $50,000.00. The Divisional Court also hears appeals from Small Claims Court judgments exceeding $2,500.00 (there is no statutory right of appeal from a Small Claims Court judgment of less than $2,500.00). The Divisional Court consists of the Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice, who is president of the court, and such other judges of the Superior Court as the Chief Justice designates from time to time. Hearings take place before a panel of three judges except in the case of appeals from the Small Claims Court which take place before a single judge. The Divisional Court is a descendant of the court of the same name in England, which is part of the Queen's Bench division of the English High Court of Justice, and hears certain appeals.

Small Claims Court[edit]

The Small Claims Court has jurisdiction in civil matters where the amount in issue does not exceed $25,000.00 exclusive of interest and costs. The monetary jurisdiction of this court is fixed by regulation, rising to the current limit from $10,000 on January 1, 2010. The majority of Small Claims Court matters are heard by deputy judges, lawyers who have been appointed for a period of three years by the Regional Senior Justice to hear such cases. As result of court reform, no new full-time judges have been appointed by the provincial government to preside in Small Claims Court. Proceedings in the Small Claims Court are governed by a codified set of rules contained in O. Reg. 258/98 (as amended), the Rules of the Small Claims Court, instead of the complex Ontario Rules of Civil Procedure.

Family Court[edit]

In those areas of Ontario where the Family Court branch of the Superior Court of Justice does not exist, jurisdiction over family law disputes is divided between the Superior Court of Justice and the Ontario Court of Justice. Cases which have divorce or property claims are brought exclusively in the Superior Court, and child protection and adoption cases must be commenced solely in the Ontario Court of Justice. Each of these two courts has jurisdiction over child and spousal support, as well as custody and access claims.

In those places where the Family Court branch of the Superior Court of Justice has been established, there is no divided jurisdiction in family law matters. The Family Court succeeds what was known as the Unified Family Court, which began as a pilot project in Hamilton, in 1977. It has complete jurisdiction over all family law matters in its area, including those matters currently within the jurisdiction of judges of the Provincial Division and the General Division. The Family Court is presided over by a Senior Judge of the Superior Court for the Family Court. The Family Court consists of the Chief Justice of the Superior Court, the Associate Chief Justice (Family Court) the Senior Judge of the Family Court, and any other Superior Court Judge as assigned by the Chief Justice or designate.

Administrative structure[edit]

The Superior Court consists of the Chief Justice of the Superior Court, the Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court, eight Regional Senior Judges, the Senior Judge of the Family Court, and over 300 federally appointed judges. In addition, there are a number of supernumerary judges appointed as required from time to time.

The Chief Justice is responsible for the sittings of the Court and assigning judicial duties, as well as other matters relating to the governance and administration of the Court. The Associate Chief Justice, eight Regional Senior Judges, and the Senior Judge of the Family Court form the Executive of the Court, which provides advice to the Chief Justice on policy and governance. Together, the Chief Justice and the members of the Executive work to ensure the proper administration of the Court.

Ontario is divided into eight regions for judicial administration. Each region is headed by a Regional Senior judge who exercises the powers and performs the duties of the Chief justice in that region.[5]

There are also provincially appointed judicial officers who exercise certain functions in the superior court. These include masters, assessment officers and registrars.

Case Management Masters are provincially appointed judicial officers with the authority to hear and determine certain matters in civil cases, including motions, pre-trials, and case conferences. Masters and case management masters also adjudicate construction lien trials, mortgage and general references, provide dispute resolution services, and serve as registrars in bankruptcy under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.[6]

Orders made by masters have the same force and effect as judges' orders although they may be appealed to a judge. Masters are appointed and paid by the provincial government. Masters have existed in the courts of Ontario since 1837.

Current judges[7][edit]

Position Name Region Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice Heather Forster Smith N/A
Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice Frank Marrocco[8] N/A November 2, 2005 Paul Martin Gowling Lafleur Henderson
Senior Judge of the Family Court George Czutrin N/A

Central East Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge Michelle Fuerst
Justice Stephen T. Bale
Justice Laura A. Bird
Justice R. Cary Boswell[9] December 14, 2007 Stephen Harper Craig Boswell McDermot
Mark Scharf, Barrister & Solicitor
Justice Robert Charney
Justice J. Christopher Corkery
Justice Joseph Di Luca October 20, 2016[10] Justin Trudeau Di Luca Dann LLP
Justice Guy P. Di Tomaso
Justice Peter A. Douglas
Justice Margaret Eberhard
Justice Mark L. Edwards
Justice Jane Ferguson
Justice Cory A. Gilmore
Justice Bruce A. Glass
Justice Drew S. Gunsolus
Justice Susan E. Healey
Justice Myrna L. Lack
Justice Sharon Lavine[11] June 17, 2016 Justin Trudeau Greenspan Humphrey Lavine (1993 to 2016)
Justice Barry G. A. MacDougall
Justice John R. McCarthy
Justice Michael K. McKelvey
Justice Edwin B. Minden
Justice Gregory M. Mulligan
Justice Anne Mullins
Justice Paul W. Nicholson [12] March 7, 2014 Stephen Harper
Justice Hugh K. O’Connell
Justice Elizabeth Quinlan
Justice David Salmers
Justice J. Bryan Shaughnessy
Justice Alexander Sosna
Justice Phillip Sutherland
Justice Mary E. Vallee
Justice Thomas M. Wood
Justice Susan Woodley


Ontario Superior Court of Justice - Family Division
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Justice Richard T. Bennett
Justice Laura E. Fryer
Justice Ronald P. Kaufman
Justice David Jarvis
Justice Fred Graham
Justice Jayne E. Hughes
Justice Alan P. Ingram
Justice John P. L. McDermot
Justice Heather A. McGee
Justice J. Scott McLeod[13] June 26, 2015 Justin Trudeau McLeod, Barrister & Solicitor (2001 to 2015)
McQuarrie, Hill, Walden, Chester in Lindsay (1982 to 1983)
McQuarrie, Hill (1983 to 2000)
Justice Clifford S. Nelson
Justice Lydia M. Olah
Justice Allan R. Rowsell
Justice Margaret A. C. Scott
Justice D. Roger Timms
Justice Ramona A. Wildman

Central South Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge Harrison S. Arrell[14] November 23, 2006
Justice Catrina D. Braid
Justice David A. Broad
Justice Kim A. Carpenter-Gunn
Justice David L. Edwards 2012[15]
Justice Patrick J. Flynn
Justice C. Stephen Glithero (supernumerary)
Justice Andrew J. Goodman
Justice Donald J. Gordon
Justice James R. H. Turnbull [1] 2005
Justice R. John Harper
Justice Joseph R. Henderson
Justice Cheryl Lafrenière
Justice Richard A. Lococo
Justice Thomas R. Lofchik
Justice Theresa Maddalena
Justice Jane A. Milanetti
Justice Robert J. Nightingale 2012[16]
Justice Dale Parayeski
Justice James A. Ramsay
Justice Robert B. Reid
Justice Robert D. Reilly
Justice Antonio Skarica 2012[17]
Justice James W. Sloan
Justice Paul R. Sweeny
Justice Gerald E. Taylor
Justice Linda M. Walters
Justice Alan C. R. Whitten
Ontario Superior Court of Justice - Family Division
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Justice Caroline E. Brown
Justice Grant A. Campbell
Justice Deborah L. Chappel
Justice Lene Madsen 2016[18]
Justice Wendy L. MacPherson
Justice Randolph Mazza
Justice Mary Jo McLaren (supernumerary)
Justice Alex Pazaratz
Justice J. Wilma Scott

Central West Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge Peter A. Daley
Justice S. Casey Hill (supernumerary) 1995
Justice Irving W. André 2012[16]
Justice William M. Le May
Justice Deena F. Baltman
Justice Gordon D. Lemon[19]
Justice Kofi N. Barnes
Justice Lucy K. McSweeney[20] June 17, 2016
Justice Thomas A. Bielby
Justice Gisele M. Miller
Justice Ivan S. Bloom [2] 2014
Justice Nancy M. Mossip
Justice Kendra D. Coats
Justice David Price
Justice Clayton Conlan
Justice Leonard Ricchetti
Justice Steve A. Coroza
Justice Silja S. Seppi
Justice Fletcher Dawson
Justice Lorna-Lee Snowie
Justice Meredith Donohue
Justice John R. Sproat
Justice Bruce Durno
Justice Robert M. Thompson
Justice Michael G. Emery
Justice Jamie K. Trimble
Justice E. Ria Tzimas 2012[17]
Justice Dale F. Fitzpatrick 2012[21]
Justice Francine E. Van Melle
Justice Joseph M. Fragomeni
Justice Bonnie J. Wein (supernumerary)
Justice Michael R. Gibson
Justice Jennifer Woollcombe
Justice Douglas K. Gray
Justice Cynthia Petersen 2017[22]

East Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge James E. McNamara
Justice Brian W. Abrams
Justice Catherine D. Aitken
Justice Robert N. Beaudoin
Justice Michel Z. Charbonneau
Justice Sylvia Corthorn
Justice Adriana Doyle
Justice Tracy Engelking 2016[18]
Justice Charles T. Hackland
Justice Martin S. James
Justice John M. Johnston
Justice Paul B. Kane
Justice Stanley J. Kershman
Justice Marc R. Labrosse[23] January 31, 2014
Justice Laurie Lacelle
Justice Ronald M. Laliberté
Justice Rick Leroy
Justice Calum U. C. MacLeod[24] June 17, 2016
Justice Helen K. MacLeod-Beliveau
Justice Robert L. Maranger
Justice Colin D. A. McKinnon
Justice Hugh R. McLean
Justice Graeme Mew
Justice Julianne A. Parfett
Justice Robert Pelletier
Justice Kevin B. Phillips
Justice Michael Quigley
Justice Lynn D. Ratushny
Justice Timothy D. Ray
Justice Pierre E. Roger
Justice Robert F. Scott
Justice Elizabeth C. Sheard
Justice Robert J. Smith
Justice Wolfram Tausendfreund
Justice Giovanna Toscano Roccamo
Justice Gary W. Tranmer


Ontario Superior Court of Justice - Family DIvision
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Justice Jennifer A. Blishen (supernumerary)
Justice Johanne Lafrance-Cardinal
Justice Maria T. Linhares de Sousa
Justice V. Jennifer Mackinnon
Justice Timothy Minnema
Justice Kenneth E. Pedlar
Justice Cheryl Robertson
Justice Mark P. Shelston
Justice Anne C. Trousdale

Northeast Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge Robbie D. Gordon
Justice Ian S. McMillan
Justice R. Dan Cornell
Justice David J. Nadeau
Justice Robert G. S. Del Frate (supernumerary)
Justice John S. Poupore
Justice M. Gregory Ellies[25] October 22, 2010
Justice Annalisa S. Rasaiah
Justice Edward E. Gareau
Justice Robert A. Riopelle
Justice Louise L. Gauthier
Justice Paul U. Rivard
Justice Patricia C. Hennessy
Justice Robin Y. Tremblay
Justice Norman M. Karam
Justice George T. Valin
Justice Edward J. Koke
Justice Michael N. Varpio 2012[15]
Justice Alexander D. Kurke
Justice W. Larry Whalen
Justice Cindy A. M. MacDonald
Justice James A. S. Wilcox

Northwest Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge Bonnie R. Warkentin
Justice Helen M. Pierce
Justice F. Bruce Fitzpatrick
Justice Terrence A. Platana
Justice John S. Fregeau
Justice Douglas C. Shaw[26] November 2, 2005
Justice W. Danial Newton
Justice G. Patrick Smith

Southwest Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge Bruce G. Thomas[27] 2008
Judge David Aston
Judge Christopher Bondy
Judge Scott K. Campbell
Judge Thomas J. Carey
Judge John A. Desotti
Judge Joseph M. W. Donohue
Judge Marc A. Garson
Judge Jonathon C. George[28] June 17, 2016
Judge Kelly A. Gorman
Judge A. Duncan Grace
Judge Pamela L. Hebner
Judge Thomas A. Heeney 1998[29]
Judge Peter B. Hockin
Judge J. Paul R. Howard
Judge George W. King
Judge Ian F. Leach 2012[29]
Judge Lynne Leitch
Judge Michael D. McArthur 2017[30]
Judge Alissa K. Mitchell[31] January 31, 2014
Judge Johanne N. Morissette
Judge Kirk W. Munroe
Judge Terrence L. J. Patterson
Judge Renee M. Pomerance[32] November 23, 2006
Judge Helen A. Rady
Judge Russell M. Raikes
Judge Steven Rogin
Judge Lynda Templeton
Judge Gregory J. Verbeem[33] March 7, 2014
Ontario Superior Court of Justice - Family DIvision
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Judge Paul J. Henderson
Judge Denise M. Korpan 2012[34]
Judge Margaret A. McSorley
Judge Henry Vogelsang
Judge Victor Mitrow

Toronto Region[edit]

Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Position Name Date Appointed Appointed By Prior Position(s)
Regional Senior Judge Geoffrey B. Morawetz
Judge Freya Kristjanson[35] June 17, 2016 Justin Trudeau Wardle Daley Bernstein Bieber LLP (2015 to 2016)
Cavaluzzo Shilton McIntyre & Cornish LLP (2009 to 2014)
Borden Ladner Gervais LLP (1989 to 2008)
Judge Jasmine T. Akbarali[18] 2016
Judge Emile R. Kruzick
Judge Suhail A.Q. Akhtar [3] 2014
Judge Thomas R. Lederer
Judge Beth A. Allen
Judge Sidney N. Lederman
Judge Sandra Nishikawa [4] January 19, 2018 Justin Trudeau
Judge Todd L. Archibald (supernumerary)
Judge Wailan Low
Judge Nancy L. Backhouse (supernumerary)
Judge P. Andras Schreck[36] June 23, 2017 Justin Trudeau Ontario Court of Justice (2014 to 2017)
Schreck Presser LLP and Schreck & Greene (1998 to 2014)
Judge Ian A. MacDonnell
Judge Edward P. Belobaba
Judge Wendy M. Matheson
Judge Carole J. Brown
Judge J. David McCombs
Judge Michael F. Brown
Judge Thomas J. McEwen
Judge Kenneth L. Campbell
Judge John B. McMahon
Judge Peter J. Cavanagh 2016[18]
Judge Faye E. McWatt
Judge Victoria R. Chiappetta 2012[16]
Judge Ruth E. Mesbur
Judge Robert A. Clark
Judge Anne M. Molloy
Judge Michael Code
Judge J. Patrick Moore[37] November 2, 2005 Paul Martin Rogers Moore
Judge Barbara A. Conway
Judge Edward M. Morgan 2012[38]
Judge David L. Corbett
Judge Frederick L. Myers January 31, 2014 Stephen Harper Goodmans LLP (2003 to 2014)
Osler, Hoskin, and Harcourt LLP (1986 to 2002)
Judge Katherine B. Corrick
Judge Bonnie L. Croll
Judge Alfred J. O’Marra[39] December 14, 2007 Stephen Harper
Judge Michael R. Dambrot (supernumary)[5] Ministry of Attorney General, Director of Crown Operations
Judge Brian P. O’Marra
Judge James F. Diamond
Judge Victor Paisley
Judge Grant R. Dow
Judge Laurence A. Pattillo
Judge Todd Ducharme
Judge Michael A. Penny
Judge Tamarin M. Dunnet
Judge Paul M. Perell
Judge Sean F. Dunphy
Judge Craig Perkins
Judge Mario D. Faieta
Judge Andra Pollak
Judge Stephen E. Firestone
Judge Michael G. Quigley
Judge Maureen D. Forestell
Judge Harriet E. Sachs
Judge E. Eva Frank
Judge Shaun S. Nakatsuru 2017 Justin Trudeau Judge of Ontario Court of Justice (2006 to 2017)
Ontario Crown Counsel (2003 to 2006)
College of Physicians (2000 to 2003)
Nakatsuru & Doucette (1988 to 2000)

[6][7]

Judge Mary A. Sanderson (Supernumerary) [8]
Judge Arthur M. Gans (supernumerary)
Judge Gertrude F. Speigel
Judge Nola E. Garton
Judge Nancy J. Spies
Judge Benjamin T. Glustein
Judge Suzanne M. Stevenson
Judge Robert F. Goldstein 2012[29]
Judge Elizabeth M. Stewart
Judge Susanne R. Goodman
Judge David G. Stinson (supernumerary)
Judge Glenn A. Hainey [9] 2011 Stephen Harper Gowlings Lafleur Henderson LLP
Judge Katherine E. Swinton [10] 1997 Jean Chretien Law Professor, York University
Law Professor, U of T
Judge Alison Harvison Young
Judge Edward F. Then
Judge Susan G. Himel (supernumerary)
Judge Julie A. Thorburn
Judge Kenneth G. Hood
Judge Darla A. Wilson[40] December 14, 2007 Stephen Harper Lawson McGrenere LLP
Borden Ladner Gervais
Judge Carolyn J. Horkins
Judge Janet Wilson (supernumerary)
Judge Jane E. Kelly
Judge Herman J. Wilton-Siegel
Judge Frances P. Kiteley
Judge Kelly P. Wright [41] 2008 Stephen Harper Ontario Crown Attorney (1996 to 2008)

Past judges[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "History of the Court". Ontario Courts. Judges Library. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  2. ^ http://www.ontariocourts.ca/scj/about/court/
  3. ^ "Jurisdiction of the Courts". Ontario Courts. Judges Library. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  4. ^ Constitution Act, 1982, being Schedule B to the Canada Act, 1982 (UK), 1982, c. 11, ss. 96-101.
  5. ^ "About the Superior Court". Ontario Courts. Judges Library. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  6. ^ "About Judges and Judicial Officers". Ontario Courts. Judges Library. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Judges of the Superior Court of Justice". Superior Court of Justice. Judges Library. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  9. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  10. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. October 20, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  11. ^ "The Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  12. ^ "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  13. ^ https://www.canada.ca/en/news/archive/2015/06/ontario-judicial-appointments-announced.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  15. ^ a b "Ontario Judicial Appointment Announced". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. December 14, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. November 2, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  17. ^ a b "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. October 5, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. October 20, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". 
  20. ^ "The Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  21. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointment Announced". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. March 2, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Newswire. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2018. 
  23. ^ "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  24. ^ "The Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  25. ^ "New judge for Sault with departure of Tranmer". Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  26. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  27. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  28. ^ "The Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  29. ^ a b c "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. June 1, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. December 19, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2018. 
  31. ^ "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  32. ^ Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced. https://www.canada.ca/en/news/archive/2006/11/ontario-judicial-appointments-announced.html. Retrieved 16 March 2018.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  34. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Government of Canada. Department of Justice. April 10, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  35. ^ "The Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  36. ^ https://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/government-of-canada-announces-judicial-appointments-in-the-province-of-ontario-630391203.html. Retrieved 6 March 2018.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  38. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Government of Canada. Justice Department. June 22, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  39. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  40. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  41. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  42. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 16 March 2018. 

External links[edit]