Oral contraceptive pill

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Oral contraceptives, abbreviated OCPs, also known as birth control pills, are medications taken by mouth for the purpose of birth control.


Two types of female oral contraceptive pill, taken once per day, are widely available:

Emergency contraception pills ("morning after pills") are taken at the time of intercourse, or within a few days afterwards.

  • Levonorgestrel, sold under the brand name Plan B
  • Ulipristal acetate
  • Mifepristone and Misoprostol, when used in combination, are more than 95% effective during the first 50 days of pregnancy. The combination is administered by a physician, and is only used as a last resort.


  • Male oral contraceptives are currently not available commercially, although several possibilities are in various stages of research and development