Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky (Soviet Union)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 3rd class
Орден-Хмельницького-3(СССР).png
Soviet Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 3rd class
Awarded by the  Soviet Union
Type 3 grade order
Eligibility Soviet Armed Forces personnel
Awarded for Exceptional duty in combat operations that led to the liberation of the Soviet territory
Campaign(s) German-Soviet War and others
Status discontinued in the Soviet Union,
Order with the same name is issued by Ukraine
Statistics
Established October 10, 1943
First awarded October 28, 1943
Total awarded 8451
Order bogdan khmelnitsky3 rib.png
Ribbon of the Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 3rd class

The Order of Bohdan Khmelnitsky (Russian: Орден Богдана Хмельницкого, Ukrainian: Орден Богдана Хмельницького) was a Soviet award named after Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Hetman (leader) of the Ukrainian Cossack Hetmanate The award was first established on October 10, 1943, by the Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the USSR during World War II.

The order was discontinued after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. A similar award, the Order of Bohdan Khmelnytsky, was begun on May 3, 1995, by Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma to commemorate the 50th anniversary of victory in the German-Soviet War

Description[edit]

The General Nikita Khrushchev, the Soviet filmmaker Alexander Dovzhenko, and poet Mykola Bazhan initiated the idea to create this award. The order was created during World War II and was awarded to Soviet Armed Forces personnel and often the members of the Ukrainian Front (coincidentally three of them were reinstated on October 20, 1943) for their exceptional duty in combat operations that led to the liberation of Soviet territory. The Order of Bohdan Khmelnitsky was broken down into three different classes: 1st class, 2nd class and 3rd class. General Alexey Danilov became the first recipient of the 1st class Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky.

The 1st class medal is awarded to army commanders, especially at the front, for successful direction of combat operations that led to the liberation of a region or town where they were successful in inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy. Altogether 323 people were awarded Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 1st class.

Distinguished people who received this order were several future Marshals of the Soviet Union including Sergey Biryuzov, Kirill Moskalenko, Matvei Zakharov and Petr Koshevoi amongst others.

The 2nd class medal is awarded to corps, divisions, brigade or battalion commanders for a breach of a defensive enemy line or a raid into the enemy's rear. 2400 people were awarded Order of Bohdan Khmelnitsky, 2nd class.

The 3rd class medal is awarded to officers, partisan commanders, sergeants, corporals and privates of the Red Army and partisan units for outstanding bravery and resourcefulness leading to a battle victory. 5700 people were awarded Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 3rd class. Most of them were either Red Army soldiers who fought on the Ukrainian Front or Ukrainian partisans.

The Order was discontinued after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In 1995 Ukraine established the Order of Bohdan Khmelnytsky to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II. Although it is the same name it is a different medal.

First Class Second Class Third Class
Order of Bogdan Khmelnitskiy 1st Class.png OrderKhmelnitsky2ndClass.png Орден-Хмельницького-3(СССР).png
Ribbon
Order bogdan khmelnitsky1 rib.png
Order bogdan khmelnitsky2 rib.png
Order bogdan khmelnitsky3 rib.png

External links[edit]