Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"

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Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"
Defence of Leningrad OBVERSE.jpg
Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" (obverse)
Awarded by  Soviet Union
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility Citizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded for Participation in the defence of Leningrad
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established December 22, 1942
Total awarded 1,470,000
Defleningrad.png
Ribbon of the Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"
Reverse of the Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"
Wartime Leningrad radio broadcaster Olga Bergholz, a recipient of the Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"

The Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" (Russian: Медаль «За оборону Ленинграда») was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on December 22, 1942 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR[1] to recognise the valour and hard work of the Soviet civilian and military defenders of Leningrad during the 872-day siege of the city by the German armed forces between September 8, 1941 and January 27, 1944. The medal's statute was later amended by Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on March 8, 1945.[2] and again one last time on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X.[3]

Medal statute[edit]

The Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" was awarded to all participants in the defence of Leningrad - soldiers of the Red Army, Navy and troops of the NKVD, and also to the persons from the civilian population who took part in the defence of Leningrad during its siege by German forces.[1]

The Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of March 8, 1945 granted the petition of Yaroslavl regional organizations to award the medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" to the most distinguished participants in the construction of defensive structures in the Leningrad area by the civilian population of the Yaroslavl region.[2]

Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the defence of Leningrad issued by the unit commander, the chief of the military medical establishment or by a relevant provincial or municipal authority. Serving military personnel received the medal from their unit commander, retirees from military service received the medal from a regional, municipal or district military commissioner in the recipient's community, members of the civilian population, participants in the defence of Leningrad received their medal from regional or city Councils of People's Deputies. The medal came with by an award certificate.[1]

The Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located immediately after the Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR".[3] If worn in the presence or Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence.[4]

Medal description[edit]

The Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim. At the forefront in the lower half of the obverse, the relief images of a helmeted Red Army soldier (nearest), a sailor (middle) and a worker (farthest), all three with rifles at the ready. In the background of the entire obverse, the relief outline of the Leningrad Admiralty building. Along the upper circumference of the medal, the relief inscription in prominent letters "FOR DEFENCE OF LENINGRAD" (Russian: «ЗА ОБОРОНУ ЛЕНИНГРАДА»). On the reverse near the top, the relief image of the hammer and sickle, below the image, the relief inscription in three rows "FOR OUR SOVIET MOTHERLAND" (Russian: «ЗА НАШУ СОВЕТСКУЮ РОДИНУ»).[1]

The Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide olive green silk moiré ribbon with a 2mm central green stripe.[1]

Recipients (partial list)[edit]

The individuals below were recipients of the Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 22, 1942" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1942-12-22. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 8, 1945" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1945-03-08. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  3. ^ a b "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 18, 1980 № 2523-X" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1980-07-18. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  4. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 

External links[edit]