p Eridani

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p Eridani AB
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Eridanus
Right ascension 01h 39m 47.53953s[1]
Declination −56° 11′ 47.0997″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.87 / 5.76[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type K0V / K5V[2]
U−B color index 0.56 / 0.61
B−V color index 0.85 / 0.88
Variable type None
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +19.5 km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 282.16[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 10.56[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 127.84 ± 2.19[1] mas
Distance 25.5 ± 0.4 ly
(7.8 ± 0.1 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 6.25 / 6.35
Orbit
Companion p Eridani B
Period (P) 483.66 yr
Semi-major axis (a) 7.817"
Eccentricity (e) 0.5344
Inclination (i) 142.824°
Longitude of the node (Ω) 13.116°
Periastron epoch (T) 1813.494
Details
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.23[3] dex
Rotation 30 days[3]
Age 4.8[4] Gyr
Other designations
Gliese 66, HR 487, CD -56°328, HD 10360/1, LTT 902, GCTP 352.00, SAO 232490, CP(D)-56 329, WDS 01398-5612, Dunlop 5, HIP 7751.

p Eridani (6 Eri, DUN 5) is a binary star system in the constellation of Eridanus (the River) whose distance is approximately 26 light-years. It was found to be a double star in December 1825 by James Dunlop in Australia at his home at Paramatta, now spelt Parramatta.

Naming[edit]

The name "p Eridani", according to Nature, p. 589 (19 April 1883)[5] has been:

"... occasionally miscalled 6 Eridani, which would imply that it was one of Flamsteed's stars. Flamsteed, it is true has a star which he calls 6 Eridani. The designated letter 'p' was attached to a star by Lacaille in the catalogue at the end of his Coelum Australe Stelliferum. The number '6' is merely borrowed from Bode."

The use of Bode numbers was commonly used in the early 19th century, but this antiquated system has now fallen into disuse for more than a century.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752free to read, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 
  2. ^ a b Jones, Hugh R. A.; et al. (December 2002), "Extrasolar planets around HD 196050, HD 216437 and HD 160691", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 337 (4): 1170–1178, arXiv:astro-ph/0206216free to read, Bibcode:2002MNRAS.337.1170J, doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05787.x 
  3. ^ a b Maldonado, J.; et al. (October 2010), "A spectroscopy study of nearby late-type stars, possible members of stellar kinematic groups", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 521: A12, arXiv:1007.1132free to read, Bibcode:2010A&A...521A..12M, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014948 
  4. ^ Mamajek, Eric E.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (November 2008), "Improved Age Estimation for Solar-Type Dwarfs Using Activity-Rotation Diagnostics", The Astrophysical Journal, 687 (2): 1264–1293, arXiv:0807.1686free to read, Bibcode:2008ApJ...687.1264M, doi:10.1086/591785 
  5. ^ Our Astronomical Column, Nature, p.589, 19 April 1883
  • William I. Hartkopf & Brian D. Mason, "Sixth Catalog of Orbits of Visual Binary Stars", U.S. Naval Observatory, 2001.
  • J. Dunlop; "Approximate Places of Double Stars in the Southern Hemisphere, observed at Paramatta in New South Wales." Mem.Ast.Soc.. London, 3, 257; (1828)

External links[edit]