Paternity fraud in Nigeria

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Paternity fraud in Nigeria is the pretence that a Nigerian father is the legitimate and biological father of a child. It usually occurs when a woman deliberately misidentifies a man as the biological and legitimate father of her child.[1] This fraudulent act led the man to believe a biological connection with a child of another man and sometimes remain undetected for several years. In most cases, women are often aware that the presumed biological father is not genetically linked with the child. A DNA expert from Lagos University Teaching Hospital claimed that 30% of the Nigerian men who went to paternity testing centers (paternity testing laboratories) were not the biological fathers of the children in their custody.[2] However, samples drawn from paternity testing laboratories are not representative of a given general population, and are many times more likely to contain instances of paternity fraud than a random sample from the populations from which they are drawn. Similarly, two large samples from paternity testing laboratories drawn from Sweden and from a white American group from Los Angeles found paternity fraud (or "non-paternity") rates of 38.7% and 24.9% respectively, although "non-paternity" rates in the general populations are much lower.[3][4]


The major causes of paternity fraud in Nigeria had been attributed to "infidelity, adultery and increase in sexual recklessness among Nigerian couples" together with "poor family planning". Mix-ups in maternity hospitals are an additional factor in failed paternity tests: in these cases maternity test will fail too.[5]


  1. ^ "P-Square stars paternity dispute London baby his first child says family source". Sahara reporters. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Paternity Fraud in Nigeria: Are You Your Baby's Daddy". Thisdaylive. Archived from the original on August 1, 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^
  4. ^ Anderson K (2006). "How Well Does Paternity Confidence Match Actual Paternity? Evidence from Worldwide Nonpaternity Rates". Current Anthropology. doi:10.1086/504167.
  5. ^ "Why every father should support paternity test:expert". Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)