Patrick Bond

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Patrick Bond (born 1961, Belfast, Northern Ireland) is professor of political economy at the University of the Witwatersrand Wits School of Governance.[1] He was formerly associated with the University of KwaZulu-Natal, where he directed the Centre for Civil Society from 2004-2016.[2] His research interests include political economy, environment, social policy, and geopolitics.


Bond was born in Northern Ireland and his family moved to Alabama the United States when he was seven, during the Civil Rights era.[3] He was educated at Swarthmore College Department of Economics and the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania. He worked with several social justice agencies in Washington and Philadelphia during the 1980s. He then enrolled in a doctoral program, supervised by David Harvey, at the Johns Hopkins University Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering where he received his Ph.D. in 1993 ("Finance and uneven development in Zimbabwe").[4]

He relocated to South Africa in 1990 and worked with Johannesburg NGOs including Planact, during the early and mid-1990s. From the end of the apartheid regime in 1994 until 2002, he was in Mandela's new South African government, authoring or editing more than a dozen policy papers including the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) and the RDP White Paper.[5] He also taught at the University of the Witwatersrand Graduate School of Public and Development Management from 1997-2004.


Bond's work is primarily on the political economy of Africa, international finance, eco-social development and political ecology, and development issues in contemporary South Africa. He works in urban communities and with global justice movements in several countries. He has launched strong critiques against neoliberal governance regimes in South Africa and beyond, and the failures of capitalist states to tackle social justice and environmental degradation.

He is a prolific author, and one of the most highly cited social scientists in South Africa.[6]

Bond is an advisory board member of several international journals: Socialist Register (York University), International Journal of Health Services (Johns Hopkins School of Public Health), Historical Materialism, Journal of Peacebuilding and Development (American University), Studies in Political Economy (Carleton University), Capitalism Nature Socialism, Review of African Political Economy, and the Journal of Human Development and Capabilities (Unesco, New York).

Major Publications[edit]


  • Bond, P. and Garcia, A. (eds.) (2015) BRICS: An Anticapitalist Critique. Chicago: Haymarket Books.
  • Saul, J. and Bond, P. (2014) South Africa: the present as history. Johannesburg: Jacana.
  • Bond, P. and Garcia A. (eds.) (2014) Fortaleza Brazil: Critical Perspectives on the BRICS. (Special issue of Tensoes Mundiais (World Tensions), July.
  • Bond, P. (ed) (2011). Durban's climate gamble: trading carbon, betting the earth. Pretoria: University of South Africa Press.
  • Bond, P. (2011). Politics of climate justice: paralysis above, movement below. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Maharaj, B., Desai, A. and Bond, P. (eds). (2010). Zuma’s own goal: losing South Africa’s ‘war on poverty'. Trenton, Africa World Press.
  • Bond, P and Sharife, K (2009) Africa battles aid and development finance, in Abbas, H and Niyiragira, Y (eds.)Aid to Africa: Redeemer or Colonizer?, Oxford: Pambazuka Press [1]
  • Bond, P (2008) A Pilhagem na África. Rio de Janeiro: South Links
  • Bond, P, R Dada and G Erion (eds) (2007) Climate Change, Carbon Trading and Civil Society: Negative Returns on South African Investments. Amsterdam, Rozenberg Publishers, and Pietermaritzburg, University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Bond, P (2007) (ed.) Beyond Enclavity in African Economies: The Enduring Work of Guy Mhone. Johannesburg, Open Society Initiative of Southern Africa; Lilongwe, ActionAid; New Delhi, International Development Economics Associates; Nairobi, University of Nairobi Institute of Development Studies; and Durban, Centre for Civil Society.
  • Bond, P, H Chitonge and A Hopfmann (eds). (2007) The Accumulation of Capital in Southern Africa: Rosa Luxemburg’s Contemporary Relevance. Berlin, Rosa Luxemburg Foundation and Durban, Centre for Civil Society.
  • Bond, P. (2006). Talk Left, Walk Right: South Africa’s Frustrated Global Reforms (second edition). Pietermaritzburg:University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Bond, P. (2006). Looting Africa: the Economics of Exploitation. London: Zed Books and Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Bond, P. (2005). Elite Transition: from Apartheid to Neoliberalism in South Africa. Second edition. London: Pluto and Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Bond, P (ed). (2005). Fanon's Warning: A Civil Society Reader on the New Partnership for Africa's Development. 2nd edition. Trenton: Africa World Press, Durban: Centre for Civil Society and Cape Town: AIDC.
  • Bond P and Dada R (eds) (2005) Trouble in the Air: Global warming and the privatised atmosphere. Durban:Centre for Civil Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal and Amsterdam: Transnational Institute.
  • Bond P. 2004. Against Global Apartheid: South Africa Meets the World Bank, IMF and International Finance. London: Zed Press.
  • Bond, P. 2004. Talk Left, Walk Right: South Africa's Frustrated Global Reforms. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Bond, P. 2002. Unsustainable South Africa: Environment, Development and Social Protest. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Bond P. 2000. The Elite Transition: From Apartheid to Neoliberalism in South Africa. London: Pluto Press.
  • Bond P. 2000. Cities of Gold, Townships of Coal: Essays on South Africa's New Urban Cities. Africa World Press.
  • Bond, P. 1998. Uneven Zimbabwe: A Study of Finance, Development and Underdevelopment. Africa World Press.
  • Bond, P. 1991. Commanding Heights: And Community Control. Ravan.


*Lessons of Zimbabwe: An exchange between Patrick Bond and Mahmood Mamdani (2008) Published in Links
  • From False to Real Solutions for Climate Change (2008) Published in Monthly Review
  • Top down or bottom up? A reply to David Held (2004) Published in openDemocracy
  • Patrick Bond speaking at OccupyCOP17, During the UNFCCC COP17 Climate Talks in Durban, South Africa (2011) Video by OneClimate
  • Bond, P. (2008), Social movements and corporations: social responsibility in post-Apartheid South Africa, Development and Change, 39, 6.
  • Bond, P. (2008), Global uneven development, primitive accumulation and political-economic conflict in Africa: the return of the theory of imperialism, Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 4, 1, 23-37.
  • Bond, P. (2008). Collaborations, co-optations and contestations in praxis-based knowledge production, Review of African Political Economy, 116, pp. 89–93.
  • Bond, P. (2008) Post-imperialist north-south financial relations?, Studies in Political Economy, 81, 77-97.
  • Bond, P. (2008), Reformist reforms, non-reformist reforms and global justice: activist, NGO and intellectual challenges in the World Social Forum. Societies without Borders, 3, 4-19.
  • Bond, P. and J.Dugard (2008), The Case of Johannesburg Water: what really happened at the pre-paid parish pump. Law, Democracy and Development, 12, 1, pp. 1–28.
  • Bond, P. (2008), Water, human rights and social conflict: South African experiences’ (with Jackie Dugard). Law, Social Justice and Global Development, 10, 1, February, [2]
  • Bond, P. and G.Erion (2008), Against carbon trading as climate change mitigation, in D.McDonald (ed), Electric capitalism, Pretoria, Human Sciences Research Council, pp. 339–358.


  1. ^ Retrieved 7 November 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Retrieved 7 November 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^
  4. ^ University of KwaZulu-Natal Patrick Bond profile
  5. ^ Center for Civil Society Patrick Bond profile
  6. ^