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Petrophile macrostachya-2.JPG
Petrophile macrostachya
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Subfamily: Proteoideae
Tribe: Petrophileae
Genus: Petrophile
R.Br. ex Knight
Type species
Petrophile pulchella

See text

  • Arthrostygma Steud.
  • Atylus Salisb.
  • Petrophila R.Br.[1]

Petrophile is a genus of evergreen shrubs, in the family Proteaceae. The genus is endemic to Australia. Commonly known as conebushes, they typically have prickly, divided foliage and produce prominently-displayed pink, yellow or cream flowers followed by grey, conical fruits.[1][2]

The name Petrophile is derived from the Greek words petra = rock and phile = seeking or preferring, referring to the rocky habitat in which some species grow.[3]

Selected species[edit]

Species include:[1]


Species within this genus predominantly occur in Western Australia, but several species are found in other states including South Australia, New South Wales and Queensland.[5]


Plants in this genus, particularly those from Western Australia, require a freely draining soil . They tolerate periods of dryness and mild frosts and will grow well in full sun or part shade. They can be propagated from cuttings taken in autumn or from seed, however the production of new plants by either method can be slow.[2][4]


  1. ^ a b c "Petrophile". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  2. ^ a b Wrigley J.W. and Fagg M. (1979). Australian Native Plants. William Collins Publishers Sydney, Australia. ISBN 0-00-216416-7.
  3. ^ "Petrophile pulchella". Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Greig, D. (1987). The Australian Gardener’s Wildflower Catalogue. Australia: Angus & Robertson. ISBN 0207154600.
  5. ^ "Petrophile". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Retrieved 2007-07-25.