- For the light aircraft manufacturer, see Pipistrel.
|Common Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus)|
Pipistrellus is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae and subfamily Vespertilioninae. The name of the genus is derived from the Italian word pipistrello, meaning "bat" (from Latin vespertilio "bird of evening, bat").
The size of the genus has been considerably reduced as a result of work during the 1990s and 2000s, with genera such as Arielulus, Hypsugo, Falsistrellus, Neoromicia, Parastrellus, Perimyotis, Scotozous, and Vespadelus being split off. Still, molecular evidence suggests the genus is not monophyletic. Several other genera in the subfamily Vespertilioninae have also been merged with Pipistrellus in previous classifications. Species in the genus may be referred to as "pipistrelles" or "pipistrelle bats", though these terms are also used for species now placed in other genera, such as the western pipistrelle (Parastrellus hesperus) and eastern pipistrelle (Perimyotis subflavus) of North America. Species of the southern hemisphere separated to genus Falsistrellus are sometimes referred to as 'false pipistrelle' or 'falsistrelle'.
They are somewhat distinguished from their much larger relatives, the noctule bats Nyctalus by their weak, fluttery flight reminiscent of a butterfly, though a few species are more direct in their flight.
- Japanese pipistrelle, P. abramus
- Forest pipistrelle or Adams's pipistrelle, P. adamsi
- Mount Gargues pipistrelle, P. aero
- Anchieta's pipistrelle, P. anchietae
- Angulate pipistrelle, P. angulatus
- Kelaart's pipistrelle, P. ceylonicus
- Greater Papuan pipistrelle, P. collinus
- Indian pipistrelle, P. coromandra
- Egyptian pipistrelle, P. deserti
- Pipistrellus dhofarensis
- Endo's pipistrelle, P. endoi
- Hanaki's dwarf bat, P. hanaki
- Dusky pipistrelle, P. hesperidus
- Canyon bat, P. hesterus ( reclassified as Parastrellus hesperus )
- Aellen's pipistrelle, P. inexspectatus
- Java pipistrelle, P. javanicus
- Kuhl's pipistrelle, P. kuhlii
- Madeira pipistrelle, P. maderensis
- Minahassa pipistrelle, P. minahassae
- Christmas Island pipistrelle, P. murrayi (presumed extinct, last sighted in August 2009)
- Tiny pipistrelle, P. nanulus
- Nathusius's pipistrelle, P. nathusii
- Lesser Papuan pipistrelle, P. papuanus
- Mount Popa pipistrelle, P. paterculus
- Dar es Salaam pipistrelle, P. permixtus
- Common pipistrelle, P. pipistrellus
- Soprano pipistrelle, P. pygmaeus
- Racey's pipistrelle, P. raceyi
- Rüppell's pipistrelle, P. rueppellii
- Rusty pipistrelle, P. rusticus
- Narrow-winged pipistrelle, P. stenopterus
- Sturdee's pipistrelle, P. sturdeei (extinct 2000)
- Least pipistrelle, P. tenuis
- Watts's pipistrelle, P. wattsi
- Northern pipistrelle or Koopman's pipistrelle, P. westralis
- Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 472–479. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Richards, G.C.; Hall, L.S.; Parish, S. (photography) (2012). A natural history of Australian bats : working the night shift. CSIRO Pub. p. 159. ISBN 9780643103740.
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