Ptolemais Hermiou

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Ptolemais Hermiou
Ptolemais Hermiou is located in Egypt
Ptolemais Hermiou
Ptolemais Hermiou
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 26°29′N 31°48′E / 26.483°N 31.800°E / 26.483; 31.800
Country  Egypt
Governorate Sohag Governorate
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Ptolemais Hermiou or Ptolemais in the Thebaid was a city in Greco-Roman Egypt, established on the west bank of the Nile at the site of the Egyptian village of Psoï in the Thinis nome by Ptolemy I Soter sometime after 312 BCE[1] to be the capital of Upper Egypt.[2] Today, the city of Al Manshah[3] in the Sohag Governorate is located where the ancient city used to be. According to Strabo, it was the largest city in the Thebaid, equal to Memphis in size. It also had its own constitution, an assembly with elected magistrates and judges alike a traditional Greek polis. Greek settlers to the city where brought over from the Peloponnese and northern Greece.[4] The city housed temples to Greek and Egyptian gods (Zeus, Dionysus, Isis) as well as a cult for the worship of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. There was also a theater and actor's guild present in the city.


  1. ^ Mckechnie, Paul; Outsiders in the Greek Cities in the Fourth Century BC.
  2. ^ Chauveau, Michel (2000) Egypt in the Age of Cleopatra: History and Society Under the Ptolemies Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, page 68 ISBN 0-8014-3597-8
  3. ^ "Al Manshah, Egypt" Falling Rain Genomics, Inc.
  4. ^ Cohen, Getzel M. The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa, pp. 350

Coordinates: 26°29′N 31°48′E / 26.483°N 31.800°E / 26.483; 31.800