Question authority

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"Question authority" is a popular slogan often used on bumperstickers, T-shirts and as graffiti. The slogan was popularized by controversial psychologist Timothy Leary,[1] although some people have suggested that the idea behind the slogan can be traced back to the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates.[2] One of the most influential icons in the counterculture movement which formed in the late 1960s out of opposition to the Vietnam War's escalation, Leary gained influence among much of the Western youth by advocating the use of Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) - which was criminalized in the United States in 1966 - [3] as a way to escape from the burdens of society.[3] Following the Watergate Scandal, which resulted in the resignation of US President Richard Nixon and the conviction of several officials in the Nixon administration, the slogan became arguably the most accepted form of ideology among baby boomers.[4]

It is intended to encourage people to avoid fallacious appeals to authority. The term has always symbolized the necessity of paying attention to the rules and regulations promulgated by a government unto its citizenry. However, psychologists have also criticized Leary's method of questioning authority and have argued that it resulted in widespread dysfunctionality.[5] In their book Question Authority, Think For Yourself, psychologists Beverly Potter and Mark Estren alleged that the practice of Leary's philosophy enhances a person's self-interest and greatly weakens the ability to cooperate with others.[5] Psychiatrist Robert Coles also described the practice of Leary's philosophy as "dangerous" and "destructive" behavior.[1]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Beverly Potter; Mark Estren (2012). id=SoLjB4x0hMoC&pg=PA22&lpg=PA22&dq=question+authority+socrates+timothy+leary&source=bl&ots=my0n2gpUhD&sig=H5q0ynWp7zEOYW50j2p-exYZE8M&hl=en&sa=X&ei=puF3U9KjLsScyATV1YDQAw&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=question%20authority%20socrates%20timothy%20leary&f=false Question Authority; Think for Yourself Check |url= value (help). Ronin Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 1579511627. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b David Farber (2004). The Sixties Chronicle. Legacy Publishing. p. 287. ISBN 141271009X. 
  4. ^ David Farber (2004). The Sixties Chronicle. Legacy Publishing. p. 448. ISBN 141271009X. 
  5. ^ a b Beverly Potter; Mark Estren (2012). Question Authority; Think for Yourself. Ronin Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 1579511627. Retrieved May 17, 2014.