Bahar (raga)

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Time of dayAny time in spring else around midnight
Arohana S M  P  M  D N 
Avarohana  P  M P  M R S
SynonymKanada Bahar

Bahar is a Hindustani classical raga.


Writing about the musical theory of Indian classical music is fraught with complications. First of all, there have been no set, formal methods of written notation. Indian music is an aural tradition, and therefore writing is not an essential part of attaining talim(knowledge).

Arohana & Avarohana[edit]

Arohana:  S M  P  M  D N [a][1]

Avarohana:   P  M P  M R S[b][1]

Vadi & Samavadi[edit]

Vadi: ma

Samavadi: Sa

Jati: Shadav - Sampurna

Time: Spring

Thaat: Kafi

Pakad or Chalan[edit]

The bare scale of this raga has little unique musical meaning, and is, therefore, required to be documented in a manner that incorporates its zigzag phrasing pattern.

R N. S M/ M M P g M / n P M P g M/ P g M n D n P/ g M n D N S' [or] g M D - N S'/ g' M' R' S'/ R' N S' D n P/ n n P M P g M/ P g M R S

Organization & Relationships[edit]

Related ragas: Shahana Kanada, Shahana Bahar, Basant Bahar, Adana Bahar Thaat: Kafi

Samay (Time)[edit]

Middle Night


Certain ragas have seasonal associations. Raag Bahar is usually rendered in the Spring season


Since it is the raga of spring, it can be considered that the raga has shringara rasa.


  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Carnatic: Ṇ₃ S M₁  P G₂ M₁ N₂ D₂ N₃ 
    • Western: B C F 𝄒 G D# F A# A B C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Carnatic:  N₂ P  M₁ P G₂ M₁ R₂ S
    • Western: C A# G 𝄒 F G D# F D C



  • Bor, Joep; Rao, Suvarnalata (1999). The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Nimbus Records with Rotterdam Conservatory of Music. p. 28. ISBN 9780954397609.

External links[edit]