Order of the Falcon
|Order of the Falcon|
Grand Cross star
|Established||July 3, 1921|
|Grand Master||President of Iceland|
Ribbon of the Order of the Falcon
History and appointments
During a royal visit to Iceland, King Christian X issued the royal decree founding the Icelandic Order of the Falcon.
New statutes were incorporated for the Order on July 11, 1944, when Iceland became a republic. It may be awarded to both Icelanders and citizens of other countries for achievements in Iceland or internationally.
The President of Iceland is the designated Grand Master of the Order. A five-member council makes recommendations on awards to the Grand Master, who then grants the award. However, the Grand Master may award the Order without recommendations from the Order Council. The Grand Master and the Chairman of the Order Council then sign the Letters Patent, which are given to those who receive the awards.
The Order has five classes:
- Collar with Grand Cross Breast Star (Keðja ásamt stórkrossstjörnu) , only for heads of state
- Grand Cross (Stórkross)
- Grand Knight's Cross with Star (Stórriddarakross með stjörnu)
- Grand Knight's Cross (Stórriddarakross)
- Knight's Cross (Riddarakross)
The collar is gilded metal, consists of links bearing the Icelandic coat-of-arms and blue-enamelled discs bearing the white falcon.
The badge consists of a gilt cross, enamelled in white, with a blue-enamelled central disc bearing the white falcon.
The star is a silver, eight-pointed star. For the Grand Cross class it has the badge of the Order superimposed upon it. For the Grand Knight with Star class it has a blue-enamelled central disc bearing the white falcon.
The ribbon is blue with white-red-white border stripes. It is worn on the left shoulder.
- Collar with Grand Cross – wears the badge on a collar plus a star on the left chest;
- Grand Cross – wears the badge on a sash on the left shoulder, plus a star on the left chest;
- Grand Knight's Cross with Star – wears the badge on a necklet, plus a star on the left chest;
- Grand Knight's Cross – wears the badge on a necklet;
- Knight's Cross – wears the badge on a chest ribbon.
If a holder is promoted to a higher rank, the lower rank's insignia must be returned. The insignia is retained during the recipient's lifetime, but it must be returned to the Icelandic Government upon his or her death.
- Iceland national handball team (Silver medalists in handball at the 2008 Summer Olympics)
- Guðni Ágústson (Former Minister of Agriculture)
- Lennart Meri (Former President of Estonia)
- Her Excellency Dalia Grybauskaitė (Current President of Lithuania)
- David Architzel (Vice Admiral, US Navy)
- Knut O.H.A Hammarskjöld (Swedish Foreign Service)
- His Excellency Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (Former President of Iceland)
- Charles Cobb, U.S. Ambassador to Iceland
- Helgi Hallvarðsson (Captain, Icelandic Coast Guard)
- Guðmundur Kjærnested (Commander, Icelandic Coast Guard)
- George P. L. Walker (Vulcanologist)
- HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Awarded 1963), Royal Consort of Elizabeth II
- Michael D. Haskins (Vice Admiral, US Navy)
- Her Majesty Elizabeth II (queen of 16 states)
- Erling Blöndal Bengtsson (Cellist)
- Orri Vigfússon (Chairman of the North Atlantic Salmon Fund)
- Warren W. Rosenthal, awarded 1983
- His Majesty Carl XVI Gustav (King of Sweden)
- Her Majesty Silvia Queen of Sweden)
- Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
- His Majesty Albert II (King of Belgium)
- Her Majesty Sofía (Queen of Spain)
- Her Majesty Margrethe II (Queen of Denmark)
- His Majesty Harald V King of Norway
- Her Majesty Sonja Queen of Norway
- Sigrún Eðvaldsdóttir (violinist), awarded 1998
- Helgi Tomasson (New York City Ballet, San Francisco Ballet) awarded 1990
- Baldur Stefansson, awarded 2002
- Philip Cronenwett, awarded 2003
- Brad Leithauser (writer, poet, scholar), awarded 2005.
- Thorbergur Thorvaldson, cement chemist, awarded 1939.
- Rory McTurk, Professor of Icelandic Studies, University of Leeds, awarded 2007
- Her Excellency Vigdís Finnbogadóttir (former president of Iceland; first popularly elected female president in the world)
- Professor Carol H. Pazandak, significant contribution by a foreigner, awarded 1990
- William Paton Cleland (Surgeon)
- Anders Grubb, Professor of Clinical Chemistry, University of Lund, awarded 2007 for research on Icelandic hereditary diseases
- Helga Bachmann (actress)
- William Timlin (US Air Force) Awarded 1991
- Jack T. Weir (Captain, US Navy) Awarded 1978
- Evelyn (née Schwartz) Stefansson Nef (author, lecturer, arts patron, philanthropist) Awarded 2001
- Børge Boeskov (President Boeing Aircraft Company)
- Victor Borge (Børge "Victor" Rosenbaum)(concert pianist, entertainer)
- Thomas E. Brittingham Jr. (Univ. Wisconsin-Madison) Awarded 1957
- Erik J. Friis (Editor Scandinavian Review, American Scandinavian Foundation)
- Anna Kisselgoff (Columbia Univ.) Awarded 2002
- Arthur Young (police officer)
- Koča Popović (Colonel General, YPA)
- Steinunn Thorarinsdottir (sculptor)
- Janis Johnson (Canadian Senator, Manitoba) Awarded 2000
- Sunna Pam Olafson Furstenau (President Icelandic National League of North America, USA Rep for Icelandic National League of Iceland, President Icelandic Roots), 2017
- Vladimir Ashkenazy (pianist, conductor)
- Björk (singer, songwriter), 1997
- Stefán Karl Stefánsson (actor, singer), 2018
- Edda Björgvinsdóttir (actress), 2018
- Friðrik Skúlason (computer scientist), 2018
- Hilmar Örn Hilmarsson (musician), 2018
- "The Order of the Falcon". Website of the President of Iceland. English.forseti.is. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
- The Fellowship of the Order of the Falcon - website of The Reykjavík Grapevine
- Seegers Press, Photo from State visit of Swedish Royal Family in Iceland
- Caroline Richmond, Obituary of William Paton Cleland (1912-2005), British Medical Journal, 2005, 330; 1212; pdf
- The Collection of Henrik Revens Website features orders and medals of Iceland as well as other Nordic countries