|Ramiro "Ramsey" Muñiz|
December 13, 1942 |
Corpus Christi, Nueces County, Texas, USA
|Residence||United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas|
|Alma mater||Baylor University
Baylor University Law School
|Political party||Democrat-turned-Raza Unida Party (1972)|
|Spouse(s)||Irma L. Muñiz|
Ramiro Muñiz, known as Ramsey Muñiz (born December 13, 1942), is an incarcerated Hispanic political activist who ran for governor of Texas in 1972 and 1974, each time as the nominee of the Raza Unida Party. He lost both elections to the Democrat Dolph Briscoe, a wealthy banker and landowner from Uvalde, Texas. He is the first Hispanic whose name appeared on a Texas gubernatorial general election ballot.
Muñiz was born in Corpus Christi, Texas, one of five children of Rudy G. Muniz and the former Hilda Longoria. To help his struggling family, he took many jobs while he was a boy. He writes:
During the summer my mother would be up by 3 a.m. preparing breakfast and lunch for us, as we would depart from the house at 5:00 and arrive at the cotton field by 6 a.m. She would pick cotton with us. I can still see her face sweating and pulling the 12-foot cotton sack. When it was time to eat lunch, we would all gather under the cotton trailer as she would distribute the food she had prepared. Thereafter, we had half an hour to rest or nap because by 1:00 PM we hit the field once more until 4:30. Even as I share these historical memories, I can envision her face, which is full of love, pride, strength, faith, and a 'never give up' attitude like no one else in this world. By the time I was fourteen years old, Bobby and I could pick 1,000 pounds a day. I would not even take the time to eat. I wanted my mother to be proud of me. That's how much love I have for my mother."
Education and career
Even in junior high school, Muñiz worked to procure equal representation for minorities on the student council at Miller High School in Corpus Christi. A football player, he once organized a protest by the athletic team on behalf of the first African American seeking to join the cheerleading squad.
Muñiz obtained a scholarship to attend Baylor University in Waco, Texas, where he obtained in 1967 his Bachelor of Science degree. In 1971, he procured his Juris Doctor degree from Baylor Law School, having worked as an assistant coach to help finance his studies. While in law school, Muñiz joined the newly established Mexican American Youth Organization, a politically-active organization known as MAYO, which held its only convention in 1969.
While living in Waco, Muñiz spent years with his mentor and friend, William V. Dunnam, Jr., with whom he later worked as an attorney. Muñiz subsequently relocated to San Antonio, where he continued his law practice with Sandoval and Peña. He then worked with attorneys Albert Huerta and Albert Peña in Corpus Christi.
Muñiz lectured at colleges and universities, including Texas A&M University - Kingsville, then known as Texas A&I, Harvard University, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of Michigan. Other such university speakers in his day were the clergymen Billy Graham, Jesse Jackson, and Ralph David Abernathy, the Hispanic activist Cesar Chavez, American Indian Movement figure Russell Means, Georgia State Representative Julian Bond, and the black communist Angela Davis. In addressing his audiences, Muñiz issued a call for political, social, and spiritual consciousness.
While still twenty-nine and working as an attorney for the Model Cities program in Waco, Muñiz ran as the La Raza gubernatorial candidate after several better known names in the Hispanic community, such as then State Representative Carlos Truan of Corpus Christi, declined to seek the state's highest office. Though the minimum age is thirty to become governor of Texas, Muñiz would have reached that age in time for the 1973 inauguration had he been elected. His campaign focused primarily on issues of importance to Hispanics, as espoused at the first Raza Unida convention held earlier that year in El Paso. Muñiz had a female running mate for lieutenant governor, Alma Canales of Edinburg, who had been a farmworker and journalism student at the University of Texas - Pan American. At twenty-four, Canales did not meet the age qualification for the office but ran to emphasize women's issues. She was defeated by the Democratic nominee Bill Hobby of Houston who won the first of five terms (the first for two years) in the state's second ranking constitutional office.
Muñiz ran in the general election against the victorious Democrat Dolph Briscoe and the Republican Henry C. Grover, a departing state senator from Houston, who trailed Briscoe by some 100,000 votes, or half the number of votes that Muñiz received. Though he polled only 214,118 votes (6 percent) in the election, Muñiz said that his campaign benefited Mexican Americans by offering a consistent political voice. However, most liberals did not support Muñiz. Even the liberal activist Frances Farenthold of Corpus Christi, who had lost the Democratic runoff election to Dolph Briscoe, endorsed her party nominees.
Muñiz ran again for governor in 1974 and polled fewer votes but about the same overall percent as he had received in 1972. He hence lost again to Briscoe, who carried all but seven counties in his race against the Republican nominee, Jim Granberry, a former mayor of Lubbock, who carried the backing of U.S. Senator John G. Tower. In that election, Briscoe won the first four-year term for governor in Texas since 1873, when Democrat Richard Coke unseated Republican Edmund J. Davis.
According to the Houston attorney Dick DeGuerin:
Muñiz changed the face of politics in Texas. He gave power of inclusion to Hispanic Americans. He particularly changed the face of political offices in South Texas. There has been a lot of resentment from the Establishment because of that. A lot of people would like to see him fall because of who he is and what he did.
Anecdotal (former Dallas County Raza Unida Chairperson Monica Zamora)
"In my lifetime there has never been anyone who can compare to Ramsey Muniz's capacity as a human being to relate to inspire with the furver, commitment & CHARISMA as did Mr. Muniz. My first exposure to Mr. Muniz was as a delegate to the National Raza Unida Party Convention from Dallas County in August of 1972 in the Convention Center of El Paso Texas. As a post secondary student, I was eighteen (18) years old and was mesmerized by the Roberts Rules of Order, the composition of a political platform (not left to a committee as is now with both political parties,Dem. & Rep)Resolutions,nominations from the floor, speeches, Inter-Party Elections (National Executive Committee )speeches...And then the top drawer candidate for Gov. of the Great State of Texas...MR. RAMSEY MUNIZ. He was precise, pragmatic with that SPIRITUAL CHARISMA of his. His capacity to relate to and inspire the common person as well as the University educated. His ability to rally with legal democratic law a marginalized people is & remains unprecedented. My son's godmother, Sylvana Avila Alonzo described his oratory as "awesome", this her first impression as an eight (8)year old, with her parents in Uvalde city park, in 1971. Yes this was the great crime of the 20th Century, possessing the CHARISMA to mobilize a people politically so permanently. God Bless You Ramsey."
In 1976, the U.S. government brought felony drug conspiracy charges against Muñiz. He pleaded guilty to one count and was given a 15-year sentence in the federal penitentiary. The move effectively killed the Raza Unida Party. Its 1978 gubernatorial candidate, Mario Cura Compean (born c. 1941, now of San Antonio), polled only 14,213 (barely one-half of 1 percent), as Republican Bill Clements became his state's first Republican governor since Coke unseated Davis 105 years earlier. Years later, Muñiz obtained his freedom and, having been disbarred, worked for a time as a legal assistant to several attorneys. He was again charged for crimes that he disavowed.
Ramsey Muñiz considers himself a political prisoner incarcerated on false charges. He is serving a life sentence at the United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth, Kansas, without the possibility of parole. He maintains a website asking interested persons to petition U.S. President Barack H. Obama for his freedom.