Raphael Zengel

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Raphael Zengel
VC MM
Raphael Louis Zengel VC.jpg
Born (1894-11-11)11 November 1894
Faribault, Minnesota, United States
Died 27 February 1977(1977-02-27) (aged 82)
Errington, British Columbia, Canada
Buried at Pine Cemetery, Rocky Mountain House, Alberta
Allegiance  Canada
Service/branch Canadian Expeditionary Force
Rank Sergeant
Unit 5th Battalion (Western Cavalry), CEF
Battles/wars First World War
Awards

Raphael Louis Zengel VC MM (11 November 1894 – 27 February 1977) was an American-born Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Early life[edit]

Zengel was born at Faribault, Minnesota. As a young boy, he and his mother Mary moved to a homestead near the village of Plunkett, Saskatchewan.[1] He enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force in July 1915.

Victoria Cross[edit]

Zengel received the Military Medal in March 1918 for taking command of his platoon when his officer and sergeant had been put out of action.[2] He was twenty three years old, and serving as a Sergeant of the 5th (Western Cavalry) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War when he performed the deed for which he was awarded the VC.

On 9 August 1918 east of Warvillers, France, Sergeant Zengel was leading his platoon forward to the attack when he realised that an enemy machine-gun was firing into the advancing line. He rushed forward ahead of the platoon, his comrades, to the gun emplacement, killed the officer and operator of the gun and dispersed the crew. Later in the day he was rendered temporarily unconscious by an enemy shell but on recovering continued to direct harassing fire on the enemy. His utter disregard for personal safety and the confidence he inspired in all ranks greatly assisted in the successful outcome of the attack.

The citation[edit]

The citation reads:

No. 424252 Sjt. Raphael Louis Zengel, M.M., Saskatchewan R.

For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when protecting the battalion right flank. He was leading his platoon gallantly forward to the attack, but had not gone far when he realised that a gap had occurred on his flank, and that an enemy machine gun was firing at close range into the advancing line. Grasping the situation, he rushed forward some 200 yards ahead of the platoon, tackled the machine-gun emplacement, killed the officer and operator of the gun, and dispersed the crew. By his boldness and prompt action he undoubtedly saved the lives of many of his comrades. Later, when the battalion was held up by very heavy machine-gun fire, he displayed much tactical skill and directed his fire with destructive results. Shortly afterwards he was rendered unconscious for a few minutes by an enemy shell, but on recovering consciousness he at once continued to direct harassing fire on the enemy. Sjt. Zengel's work throughout the attack was excellent, and his utter disregard for personal safety, and the confidence he inspired in all ranks, greatly assisted in bringing the attack to a successful end.

— London Gazette, 27 September 1918.[3][4]

Retirement[edit]

Replica of Raphael Zengel's Victoria Cross at the Rocky Mountain House branch of the Royal Canadian Legion.

After the war, Zengel lived in Calgary, Alberta, where he joined the Calgary Fire Department in 1919 and served until 1927. [5]

Sergeant Zengel spent most of the rest of his life in the town Rocky Mountain House, Alberta, where the local branch of the Royal Canadian Legion has been named in his honour. He donated his Victoria Cross to the Rocky Mountain House Legion where it is kept in a safety box.[6] and only a replica of his Victoria Cross along with the rest of his medals are on display. His headstone can be found at Pine Grove Cemetery, Rocky Mountain House, Canada.

RaphaelZengelGrave

Legacy[edit]

In 1936, the government of Canada chose to name a lake in northeastern Saskatchewan in Zengel's honour. Inexplicably, the feature became Zengle Lake, and so it remains today (2007).

In 1951, one of the mountains of the Victoria Cross Range, in Jasper National Park, was named in his honour. Mount Zengel is visible from Highway 16, east of Jasper, Alberta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DHH - Victoria Cross Bios". Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  2. ^ "No. 30573". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 March 1918. p. 3254. 
  3. ^ "No. 30922". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 September 1918. p. 11430. 
  4. ^ "No. 31259". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 March 1919. p. 4163. 
  5. ^ Template:City of Calgary, Corporate Records, Archives, Calgary Fire Department fonds
  6. ^ VC Burials Canada