Reeth as seen from Grinton Lodge Youth Hostel
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Reeth is a village 11 miles (18 km) west of Richmond in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England, in the civil parish of Reeth, Fremington and Healaugh. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it is the principal settlement of upper Swaledale.
The origin of the name Reeth is unclear. It is possibly derived from the Germanic for 'place by the stream'. While this claim can neither be confirmed nor denied, Reeth could also have been derived from the Cumbric rith (cf. ryd in Modern Welsh, rys in Cornish ) meaning 'Ford'. Both would make sense as Reeth is located near two shallow rivers.
In Saxon times, Reeth was only a settlement on the forest edge, but by the time of the Norman conquest it had grown sufficiently in importance to be noted in the Domesday Book. Later it became a centre for hand-knitting and the local lead industry was controlled from here, but it was always a market centre for the local farming community.
Built in 1783, The Burgoyne (named after Mrs Burgoyne Johnson) stands majestically on Reeth's idyllic green, the late Georgian county house hotel is full of history and elegant charm with many of its original features. The hotel previously known as Hill House, was made into guest accommodation and then a hotel after WW2. May Sinclair features Hill House in her novel 'The Three Sisters', as the home of Miss Kendal. The 'Swaledale Walk 5 May Sinclair's Reeth', is a short walk that takes you around and above Reeth to discover pivotal places featured in two of her novels.
The village lies within the Richmond (Yorks) parliamentary constituency, which has been represented since 2015 by Conservative Rishi Sunak, who took over from retiring fellow Conservative William Hague. It also lies within the Upper Dales electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Reeth and Arkengarthdale ward of Richmondshire District Council.
Reeth is located on the B6270 road that crosses the entirety of Swaledale, linking Richmond with Kirkby Stephen in Cumbria. Nearby settlements to Reeth include the fellow parish villages of Fremington 0.5 miles (0.80 km) east and Healaugh 1.4 miles (2.3 km) to the west, as well as Grinton, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the east. Reeth is situated at the meeting point of the two most northerly of the Yorkshire Dales: Swaledale and Arkengarthdale. It is also near to Reeth that Arkle Beck from the north joins the River Swale. The village is overlooked by the surrounding fells of Harkerside Moor, Fremington Edge and Calver Hill. Alfred Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk, an unofficial but popular long-distance footpath from Saint Bees to Robin Hood's Bay, passes through Reeth.
For the parish of Reeth, Fremington and Healaugh:
Community and culture
Primary education is provided by Reeth Community Primary School, which is engaged in a confederation with nearby Gunnerside Methodist Primary School. Pupils then receive secondary education at Richmond School & Sixth Form College.
In May and June every year Reeth becomes the hub of the Swaledale Festival, a two-week celebration of music and guided walks. Unfortunately it had to be cancelled in 2020 owing to Coronavirus. Additionally on the final Wednesday of August the Reeth Show, an agricultural event, is held. In 2012 it celebrated its centenary.
Village amenities include three public houses (the Black Bull Hotel, the Buck Hotel and the King's Arms), a caravan and camp site, a village shop and post office, two bakeries, a cafe, eleven guest houses variously bed and breakfast or self-catering, two hotels (The Burgoyne Hotel), a community centre, the Evangelical Congregational Church, Reeth Memorial Hall and the Swaledale Museum.
One of five National Park Centres for the Yorkshire Dales is located in Reeth. The local health establishment is Reeth Medical Centre, which serves more than 200 square miles and more than 1,500 patients.
Reeth is home to two churches. The current Reeth Methodist Chapel has been in use since 1822, although Methodists have been worshipping in the village since at least 1766. The larger Reeth Evangelical Congregational Church is located on the village green.
- The nonconformist minister David Bradberry was born in Reeth.
- Ruby Ferguson, a writer of popular fiction including children's books, romances and mysteries, was born and brought up in Reeth.
- Reeth, Yorkshire Dales
- "Reeth History – A historical guide & Links to Swaledale and Arkengarthdale". Retrieved 4 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Phillips, John (1855). The rivers, mountains, and sea-coast of Yorkshire: with essays on the climate, scenery, and ancient inhabitants of the county. J. Murray. p. 52.
- "Tour de France Stage 1". Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
- Wainwright, Alfred (2010). A Coast to Coast Walk (Second ed.). London, UK: Frances Lincoln. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-7112-3063-7.
- "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 12 June 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 12 June 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Reeth and Gunnerside Schools". Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Reeth Schools
- "Secondary admission arrangements for the Northallerton area". North Yorkshire County Council. North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 6 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Reeth Show UK.
- "Swaledale Museum: What makes a truly excellent museum?". Dales Discoveries. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
- "Swaledale Museum". Swaledale Museum. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
- "Reeth Medical Centre". Archived from the original on 25 June 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- http://www.nydalesmeth.org.uk/reeth.htm Archived 13 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine Reeth Methodists