|Population||2,210 (2011 census)|
|Population of Built-up area||1,432 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Pateley Bridge (known locally as Pateley) is a small market town in Nidderdale in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it lies on the River Nidd. It is in the Yorkshire Dales and just outside the Yorkshire Dales National Park.
The community has the oldest sweet shop in the world. Established in 1827, it is housed in one of the earliest buildings in Pateley Bridge, dating from 1661. Pateley Bridge is also the home of the Nidderdale Museum.
The town is within the Nidderdale AONB, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The town was listed in both the 2017 and 2018 Sunday Times reports on Best Places to Live in northern England. The local tourist authority bills it as "the perfect place to start your exploration of the Yorkshire Dales".
In the early Middle Ages the site of Pateley lay in lands of the Archbishop of York, which came to be known as Bishopside. In the 12th century the principal settlement in Bishopside was at Wilsill, rather than Pateley. Pateley was first recorded in 1175 (though the document survives in a later copy), as Patleiagate, with 14th century forms including Patheleybrig(ge). The final elements are clear, deriving from Old Norse gata ('street') and the northern dialect form brig ('bridge') respectively. There is more debate about the Pateley section of the name: the usual explanation is Old English pæþ ('path') in the genitive plural form paða + lēah ('open ground, clearing in a forest'); paða lēah would mean "woodland clearing of the paths", referring to paths up Nidderdale and from Ripon to Craven, which intersected here. However, the Pateley name forms competed in the Middle Ages with forms like Padlewath (1227) and Patheslayewathe which could be from Middle English *padil ('a shallow place in water') + Old Norse vath ('ford') and it could be that they owe something to this name. The local story that the name comes from 'Pate', an old Yorkshire dialect word for 'Badger', is incorrect.
In 1320 the Archbishop of York granted a charter for a market and fair at Pateley. From the 14th century until the early part of the 20th century, Scotgate Ash Quarry despatched hard-wearing sandstone from its site on the northern flank above Pateley Bridge. When the railway arrived in Nidderdale, the stone was exported by trains and was used in railway platforms, national buildings and harbour walls. Scotgate Ash Quarry closed in 1915.
Until 1964, Pateley Bridge railway station was the terminus of the railway line running up Nidderdale from Nidd Valley Junction, near Harrogate. Between 1907 and 1937, the Nidd Valley Light Railway ran farther up the dale. Access is now by road, with an hourly bus service from Harrogate.
All Creatures Great and Small TV series was filmed mostly in the Yorkshire Dales with many of the Dales scenes filmed in the National Park around Nidderdale. The crossroads that are so important in the Christmas episode are "on the roads above Pateley Bridge".
Pateley Bridge was once in the Lower Division of Claro Wapentake. In the 19th century local government reforms the town fell within the Pateley Bridge Poor Law Union, later the Pateley Bridge Rural Sanitary District and from 1894 Pateley Bridge Rural District. In 1937 the rural district was merged to become part of Ripon and Pateley Bridge Rural District.
Since 1974 the town has fallen within the Borough of Harrogate in North Yorkshire. The town is in the electoral ward of Pateley Bridge, which includes the whole of upper Nidderdale as far as Stonebeck Up, with a total population at the 2011 Census of 2,718.
Pateley Bridge is the largest settlement in the civil parish of High and Low Bishopside, historically a township in the large parish of Ripon. High and Low Bishopside was created a civil parish in 1866. Pateley Bridge was granted town status in 1986, and the High and Low Bishopside Parish Council was renamed Pateley Bridge Town Council. However, the official name of the parish remains High and Low Bishopside.
The parish is bounded on the west by the River Nidd, and includes a large area of moorland to the east of the town. Other settlements in the parish include the southern part of Wath, Glasshouses, Wilsill, Blazefield and Fellbeck. The parish does not include the Nidderdale showground, Nidderdale High School or the district of Bridgehouse Gate, which are on the west bank of the Nidd in the parish of Bewerley.
In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 2,153, increasing to 2,210 at the 2011 Census. The population of the Pateley Bridge Built-up area, which includes Bridgehouse Gate and Bewerley village, both outside the parish, was 1,432 in 2011.
The area can be reached by bus "from Harrogate to Pateley Bridge; The Transdev Harrogate & District number 24 service runs regularly from Harrogate to Pateley Bridge. Nidderdale is also well served by DalesBus services". The nearest train station is at Harrogate. Highway access is via "A1(M) and the A61 to the east, and the A65, A59, M65 and M62 to the south".
Bed & breakfast houses, church and chapel, garage (Nidderdale Motors), hotels, Nidderdale Museum, primary school, public houses, public library, public park, restaurants, secondary school (Nidderdale High School), shops and theatre (Pateley Playhouse). Bewerley Park Centre for Outdoor Education is in the nearby village of Bewerley. Brimham Rocks and Stump Cross Caverns are also close by.
The town is also a cricketing hub, with several teams (known collectively as 'The Badgers') competing in various leagues. Crown green bowling is also a popular pastime.
Pateley is also served by Nidderdale Pool and Leisure Centre. Comprising a 20-metre swimming pool, gym, sports hall and two squash courts, the facility officially opened in 2005 after many years of local fundraising.
The town is also famous for the "Oldest Sweet Shop in England" which was established in 1827 and is validated as the longest continuous trading sweet shop in the world (Guinness World Records Book 2014); it is housed in one of the oldest buildings in Pateley Bridge, built in 1661. As of September 2020, the business had been owned for nearly 25 years by Keith Tordoff.
King Street workshops can be found on King Street & house a talented group of artists and designers. Their studios are open and they include jewellers, milliner, textile art & gifts, sculptors, fine artist and glassblowers.
The AONB Web site provides specifics for activities within the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty including maps of popular walks, and information on canoeing and kayaking, caving, climbing, cycling, fishing and horse riding.
Like much of the British Isles, Pateley Bridge has a Temperate Maritime Climate. The warmest temperature recorded was 31.0 °C (87.8 °F) on 1 July 2015. The nearest location where data is available is Dishforth Airfield. It is particularly notable that the warmest and the coldest temperatures for May both occurred in 2010, within the space of just 12 days. The heatwave at the beginning of October 2011 was so extreme that the warmest October temperature was recorded, and it was higher than the record high of September in any year. With a mean temperature of 11.4 °C (52.5 °F), December 2015 was easily the warmest December ever recorded, and the warmest ever December temperature of 16.2 °C (61.2 °F) was reached on 19th. In contrast, the December 2010 mean temperature was −1.9 °C (28.6 °F), and the coldest ever temperature of −15.0 °C (5.0 °F) was reached on the 6th.
|Climate data for Pateley Bridge, 154m amsl (1981–2010) (extremes 1992–)|
|Record high °C (°F)||14.6
|Average high °C (°F)||6.8
|Average low °C (°F)||0.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−11.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||53.2
|Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||11.8||9.2||9.1||9.4||9.8||9.9||9.0||9.6||8.7||10.7||10.9||10.3||118.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||51.2||76.6||107.0||159.5||190.5||162.2||184.5||173.0||133.9||96.1||60.3||58.6||1,453.4|
|Source 1: Met Office|
|Source 2: Climate Dishforth|
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- "Oldest sweet shop". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 27 February 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Sales at the oldest sweet shop in the world have boomed during the pandemic". 21 September 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "King Street Workshops - Craft workshops Pateley Bridge". King Street Workshops. Retrieved 27 February 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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- Office, Met. "Pateley Bridge climate". www.metoffice.gov.uk. Retrieved 10 December 2018.