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Muscles connecting the upper extremity to the vertebral column.
|Origin||nuchal ligaments, spinous processes of the C7 to T5 vertebrae|
|Insertion||medial border of the scapula|
|Artery||dorsal scapular artery|
|Nerve||dorsal scapular nerve|
|Actions||Pulls scapulae medially, rotates scapulae, Holds scapluae into thorax wall|
|FMA||13380 13379, 13380|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The rhomboid muscles (//), often simply called the rhomboids, are rhombus-shaped muscles associated with the scapula and are chiefly responsible for its retraction. They are innervated by the dorsal scapular nerve. There are two rhomboid muscles on each side of the upper back:
Left scapula. Posterior surface.
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