Ridolfia segetum, called false fennel, corn parsley, or false caraway, is an annual weed of the Mediterranean region. Its height 40–100 cm. The stem is erect, striate, and branched. The glabrous leaves are finely divided several times with filiform leaflets, the upper leaves frequently reduced, and the base of the petiole enlarged. The flowers are yellow, arranged in small umbels with almost uniform rays (10-60).
The seeds and leaves contain an essential oil, and the plant has a strong odor. It is used as a herb in the pickle industry. The plant can be eaten in its raw form, or cooked.
Ridolfia segetum is also used for medicinal purposes. It is used in the Mediterranean as a medicine for regulating women’s menstrual periods, and to increase milk flow in nursing mothers. Additional medicinal uses are to prevent constipation, coughing, gas, respiratory tract infections, and lice.
- Hyppa Weed Science and Agronomy
- Lentini F, Venza F (2007). "Wild food plants of popular use in Sicily". J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3: 15. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-3-15. PMC 1858679. PMID 17397527.
- Bicchi C, Rubiolo P, Ballero M, et al. (October 2009). "HIV-1-inhibiting activity of the essential oil of Ridolfia segetum and Oenanthe crocata". Planta Medica 75 (12): 1331–5. doi:10.1055/s-0029-1185546. PMID 19347799.