Rivera

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Rivera
Capital city
View of Rivera from Cerro Marconi
View of Rivera from Cerro Marconi
Rivera is located in Uruguay
Rivera
Rivera
Location in Uruguay
Coordinates: 30°54′9″S 55°33′2″W / 30.90250°S 55.55056°W / -30.90250; -55.55056Coordinates: 30°54′9″S 55°33′2″W / 30.90250°S 55.55056°W / -30.90250; -55.55056
Country Uruguay
Department Rivera
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
(2011 Census)
 • Total64,465
 • Demonym
Riverense
Time zoneUTC -3
Postal code
40000
Dial plan+598 462 (+5 digits)

Rivera (Spanish pronunciation: [riˈβeɾa]) is the capital of Rivera Department of Uruguay. The border with Brazil joins it with the Brazilian city of Santana do Livramento, which is only a street away from it, at the north end of Route 5. Together, they form an urban area of around 200,000 inhabitants. As of the census of 2011, it is the sixth most populated city of Uruguay.

History[edit]

Obelisk of the Plaza Internacional, at the "Frontera de la Paz", between the cities of Rivera (Uruguay) and Santana do Livramento (Brazil).

On 21 March 1860 a pueblo (village) named Pereira was created by the Act of Ley Nº 614.

On 7 May 1862, it was substituted by the villa (town) named Ceballos and founded by the Act of Ley Nº 704,[1] in honour of the Spanish viceroy Pedro de Cevallos. In July 1867 it took on the official name Rivera and was recognized as a villa. The Brazilian town Santana do Livramento already existed just across the border. On 1 October 1884, it became capital of the Department of Rivera by the Act of Ley Nº 1.757. Its status was elevated to ciudad (city) on 10 June 1912 by the Act of Ley Nº 4.006.[1]

In 1943, the Plaza Internacional Rivera-Livramento (see photo) was built to celebrate the Fifth Conference of the Commission Mixta for Mixed Limits and as a hope for the future integration of the two towns, claimed to be the only international square in the world. From 1851 to this day, inhabitants of both communities are free to move in both sides. Customs and checkpoints are located outside the cities.[2] Today, duty-free shops are one of the main economic resources of Rivera.[3]

The first inhabitants of the city were Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese and some Brazilians immigrants who lived in Santana do Livramento, on the Brazilian side of the border.

Economy[edit]

One of the main economic activities of the city of Rivera is the free-shop stores, aimed at Brazilian neighbors, mainly coming from the cities of Rio Grande do Sul, near the border with Uruguay, making Rivera a popular destination for buying imported dollar products. With the fall in the price of the US currency, many devices can be bought for prices up to 40% smaller than similar ones sold in Brazil. The Rivera shopping limit is $300 per person.Purchases above this amount must be declared at the Federal Revenue Office for the payment of the corresponding import tax so that the product can legally enter Brazil.

It is also worth mentioning the existence of a casino, located on one of the avenues where the border between the two countries runs. Within the department, livestock farming, agriculture and afforestation predominate.

Population[edit]

In 2011, Rivera had a population of 64,465[4]

Year Population
1867 341
1889 1,000
1908 8,986
1963 41,266
1975 48,780
1985 57,314
1996 62,859
2004 64,426
2011 64,465

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in Rivera, as well as in Santana do Livramento, is humid subtropical (Cfa, according to the Köppen climate classification), temperate in the winter and relatively warm in the summer.

Climate data for Rivera, Uruguay (1980–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.4
(106.5)
44.0
(111.2)
40.0
(104)
34.4
(93.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
29.6
(85.3)
33.6
(92.5)
36.1
(97)
36.4
(97.5)
41.5
(106.7)
43.0
(109.4)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
28.7
(83.7)
27.3
(81.1)
23.7
(74.7)
20.5
(68.9)
16.9
(62.4)
16.6
(61.9)
19.9
(67.8)
20.6
(69.1)
23.8
(74.8)
26.5
(79.7)
29.6
(85.3)
23.7
(74.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
23.6
(74.5)
22.2
(72)
18.9
(66)
15.7
(60.3)
12.9
(55.2)
12.4
(54.3)
14.6
(58.3)
15.5
(59.9)
18.5
(65.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
18.6
(65.5)
Average low °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
17.2
(63)
14.1
(57.4)
10.8
(51.4)
8.8
(47.8)
8.1
(46.6)
9.3
(48.7)
10.3
(50.5)
13.2
(55.8)
15.1
(59.2)
17.3
(63.1)
13.5
(56.3)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
7.0
(44.6)
5.0
(41)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.0
(23)
−4.8
(23.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
0.4
(32.7)
4.0
(39.2)
6.4
(43.5)
−5.0
(23)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 136.4
(5.37)
160.4
(6.31)
133.1
(5.24)
181.9
(7.16)
148.3
(5.84)
110.7
(4.36)
91.2
(3.59)
87.0
(3.43)
130.9
(5.15)
149.4
(5.88)
150.4
(5.92)
125.2
(4.93)
1,605
(63.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8 7 8 7 7 8 9 8 8 8 7 6 91
Average relative humidity (%) 65 69 72 76 78 79 77 72 72 71 68 64 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 266.6 217.5 223.2 177.0 167.4 135.0 158.1 176.7 183.0 217.0 246.0 266.6 2,434.1
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.6 7.7 7.2 5.9 5.4 4.5 5.1 5.7 6.1 7.0 8.2 8.6 6.7
Source #1: Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria[5]
Source #2: Dirección Nacional de Meteorología (precipitation days 1961–1990, extremes 1944–1994)[6][7]

Places of worship[edit]

Consular representation[edit]

Brazil keeps a Consulate in Rivera, located at 1159 Calle Ceballos.

Notable local people[edit]

Principal street of Rivera

Transportation[edit]

There are regular bus services to Montevideo. A rail service to Tacuarembó has been run intermittently. There is an airport which receives light aircraft and an irregular service by a Brazilian airline to Porto Alegre.

Rivera is served by Pres. Gral. Óscar D. Gestido International Airport.

Municipal stadium Atilio Paiva Olivera

Sports[edit]

The Estadio Atilio Paiva Olivera holds 27,115 people and was used in the 1995 Copa América.

The Skatepark of Rivera is on Presidente Viera Street.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Rivera is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Statistics of urban localities (1867–2004) (see also "Ceballos" & "Pereira")" (PDF). INE. 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  2. ^ "Parque Internacional". Intendencia Departamental de Rivera. 2011. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  3. ^ "La frontera dorada". El Observador. 26 June 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros Rivera". INE. 2012. Archived from the original on 23 November 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  5. ^ Castaño, José; Giménez, Agustín; Ceroni, Mauricio; Furest, José; Aunchayna, Rossina. "Caracterización Agroclimática del Uruguay 1980–2009" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Estadísticas climatológicas" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  7. ^ "RECORDS METEOROLOGICOS EN EL URUGUAY" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 28 September 2016.

External links[edit]