|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New Jersey's 1st district
November 6, 1990 – February 18, 2014
|Preceded by||James Florio|
|Succeeded by||Donald Norcross|
Robert Ernest Andrews|
August 4, 1957
Camden, New Jersey, U.S.
Bucknell University (B.A.)|
Cornell Law School (J.D.)
Robert Ernest Andrews (born August 4, 1957) is the former U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 1st congressional district, serving from 1990 to 2014. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The district includes most of Camden County and parts of Burlington County and Gloucester County.
Before his election to Congress, Andrews was a member of the Camden County Board of Chosen Freeholders from 1986 to 1990, including two years as freeholder director (1988–1990). A native of Camden and graduate of Bucknell University and Cornell Law School, he was an attorney and an adjunct professor at the Rutgers School of Law–Camden. In the U.S. House of Representatives, he served on the Committee on Armed Services, Committee on the Budget, and Committee on Education and Labor, where he served as chairman of the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions.
Andrews was a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2008 U.S. Senate election, being defeated by incumbent U.S. Senator Frank Lautenberg. In November 2004, he received more votes than anyone ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey.
First elected to Congress in 1990, Andrews served for 24 years as the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 1st congressional district, which includes most of Camden County and parts of Burlington County and Gloucester County. In the U.S. House of Representatives, he served as chairman of the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions. In 2014, sources familiar with Andrews said he planned to leave Congress to take a position at a Philadelphia law firm. Andrews retired from the House with the 10th longest tenure among U.S. Representatives in New Jersey history, and the fifth longest among Democrats in his state.
- 1 Early life, education, and early career
- 2 U.S. House of Representatives
- 3 Other political activities
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life, education, and early career
Andrews was born in Camden, New Jersey, the son of Josephine (née Amies) and Ernest Andrews; he is predominantly of Scottish and Scotch-Irish descent and counts American portrait painter Charles Willson Peale and Johannes Roosevelt among his ancestors. He grew up in Bellmawr and attended Triton Regional High School in Runnemede. Andrews was the first in his family to attend college, graduating from Bucknell University in 1979 with a BA in political science, summa cum laude. He later attended Cornell University Law School, earning his JD degree with honors in 1982.
For several years, Andrews was involved in legal education as a member of Cornell Law Review 's board of editors. He also was an adjunct professor at Rutgers University-Camden Law School. From 1983 onward, Andrews operated a private law practice. In 1986, he was elected as a member of the Camden County Board of Chosen Freeholders, where he served for four years, including two years as freeholder director (1988–1990).
U.S. House of Representatives
In 1990, after a 15-year incumbent Democratic U.S. Congressman James Florio resigned from the U.S. House of Representatives to take office as Governor of New Jersey, Andrews won the 1990 special election and simultaneous general election against Gloucester County Freeholder Daniel J. Mangini. He subsequently won re-election every two years until his retirement. Andrews had the 10th longest tenure among U.S. Representatives in New Jersey history, and the fifth longest among Democrats state. In November 2004, he received more votes than anyone ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey, a record which he broke once again in 2012.
Andrews is generally considered a moderate by Democratic standards, though he votes with his party most of the time. The New York Times has characterized Congressman Andrews as "fiscally conservative ... and socially moderate." He has a lifetime rating of 17.24 (and a 2007 rating of 0) from the American Conservative Union and a 2007 rating of 100 from Americans for Democratic Action. He has a liberal rating of 76.2 and a conservative rating of 23.8 from the National Journal. In recent years, his voting record has trended progressively more liberal.
Andrews served for his entire Congressional career on the House Committee on Education and Labor. He was the Democratic leader and ranking member on the Education Subcommittee on Employer-Employee Relations, and was the chairman of the Education Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions which has responsibility for the health insurance, pension and labor laws of the nation. He also served on the House Armed Services Committee, which maintains jurisdiction over funding for the military forces.
Using Amtrak to commute from his Haddon Heights home while Congress is in session so that he can be closer to his family and constituents, Andrews does not maintain a residence in Washington, D.C.. Andrews is an ardent supporter of Amtrak subsidies.
On October 10, 2002, Rob Andrews was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq (126 Democrats in the House were opposed) and was the only Democratic member of the New Jersey Congressional delegation to co-sponsor the Iraq Resolution. In 2005, he voted in favor of amending the U.S. Constitution to prohibit desecration of the American flag. The proposed amendment was later defeated in the Senate. In the same year he voted for the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act which makes it more difficult for individuals to declare bankruptcy under Chapter 7 and encourages declaration of bankruptcy under Chapter 13.
Senators Frank Lautenberg, Bob Menendez, and Andrews were the only members of the New Jersey Democratic Congressional Delegation to vote for the Military Commissions Act of 2006. He was also involved in proposing a bill for sanctioning Iran in 2007. The Iran Sanctions Enhancement Act of 2007 targets any company or individual that provides Iran with refined petroleum products or engages in an activity that could contribute to the enhancement of Iran's ability to import refined products after December 31, 2007.
During his tenure, Andrews was considered a "key champion of health care legislation in the U.S. Congress." According to President Barack Obama, he was an "original author" of the Affordable Care Act and was a "vital partner in its passage and implementation."
In 2013, Andrews proposed an amendment to the 2014 defense bill that would have added atheists, humanists, and "ethical culturalists" to the corps of chaplains. However, the House Armed Service Committee defeated this amendment by a vote of 43-18.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Education and the Workforce
- Co-Chairman of the Steering and Policy Committee
- Congressional Arts Caucus
In 2014 Andrews came under investigation by the House Ethics Committee for improper use of campaign funds. The identical substance of the accusations made were dismissed in their entirety by the Federal Election Commission in May 2014.
Other political activities
1997 gubernatorial election
Speculation between 1998 and 2007
Andrews was reportedly considering a primary challenge in 2005, before McGreevey's resignation. While Andrews had been frequently mentioned as a possible replacement for Jon Corzine's United States Senate seat after Corzine's November 2005 gubernatorial victory, Bob Menendez was eventually chosen by Corzine to fill the vacancy. Andrews had informally announced his plan to run in the 2006 Democratic primary against Menendez, but in January 2006 announced that he would run for a ninth full term in the House and seek the Senate seat in 2008 if U.S. Senator Frank Lautenberg retired.
2008 Senate election
Lautenberg ran for re-election to his Senate seat in 2008 but Andrews filed to become a candidate in the Democratic primary shortly before the deadline for doing so. Andrews accused the 84-year-old Lautenberg of being too old to be effective in the Senate. While running for the Senate, his wife Camille Andrews was placed on the Democratic primary ballot to run for Andrews' House seat.
Andrews was beaten by Lautenberg in the Senate primary held on June 5, 2008. In September, Andrews replaced his wife (who won the primary election) on the general election ballot for the House seat he still held. He subsequently won re-election to his house seat that year.
2008 presidential election
Andrews is a superdelegate within the Democratic Party and prior to the New Jersey primary he endorsed Hillary Clinton for the Democratic nomination. Following the results from the Indiana and North Carolina primaries Andrews stated that he believed Senator Barack Obama would win the nomination and that the party should unite behind him. However he did not switch his vote as a superdelegate from Clinton to Obama stating that "such a move might retard the process of unifying the party".
|Year||Democrat||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|Rob Andrews||71,373||55%||Daniel J. Mangini||58,087||45%|
|1990||Rob Andrews||72,415||54%||Daniel J. Mangini||57,299||43%||Jerry Zeldin||Libertarian||1,592||1%||Walter E. Konstanty||Pride and Honesty||1,422||1%||William H. Harris||Populist||1,066||1%|
|1992||Rob Andrews||153,525||67%||Lee A. Solomon||65,123||29%||James E. Smith||Pro-Life Pro-Family Veteran||3,761||2%||Jerry Zeldin||Libertarian||2,641||1%||Kenneth L. Lowndes||Pro-Life Independent Conservative||2,163||1%||Nicholas Pastuch||America First Populist||859||<1%|
|1994||Rob Andrews||108,155||72%||James N. Hogan||41,505||28%|
|1996||Rob Andrews||160,413||76%||Mel Suplee||44,287||21%||Michael Edmondson||Independent||2,668||1%||Patricia A. Bily||Independent||1,873||1%||Norman E. Wahner||Independent||1,493||1%|
|1998||Rob Andrews||90,279||73%||Ronald L. Richards||27,855||23%||David E. West, Jr.||Independent||1,684||1%||Joseph W. Stockman||Independent||1,324||1%||Edward Forchion||Independent||1,257||1%||James E. Barber||Independent||943||1%|
|2000||Rob Andrews||167,327||76%||Charlene Cathcart||46,455||21%||Catherine L. Parrish||Independent||3,090||1%||Edward Forchion||Independent||1,959||1%||Joseph A. Patalivo||Independent||781||<1%|
|2002||Rob Andrews||121,846||93%||(no candidate)||Timothy Haas||Libertarian||9,543||7%|
|2004||Rob Andrews||201,163||75%||S. Daniel Hutchison||66,109||25%||Arturo F. Croce||E Pluribus Unum||931||<1%|
|2006||Rob Andrews||140,110||100%||(no candidate)|
|2008||Rob Andrews||191,796||72%||Dale M. Glading||70,466||26%||Matthew Thieke||Green||1,778||<1%||Margaret Chapman||Back to Basics||1,188||<1%||Everitt M. Williams, III||Think Independently||954||<1%||Alvin Lindsay||Lindsay for Congress||483||<1%|
|2010||Rob Andrews||106,334||63%||Dale M. Glading||58,562||35%||Mark Heacock||Green||1,593||<1%||Margaret Chapman||Time for Change||1,257||<1%||Nicky I. Petrutz||Defend American Constitution||521||<1%|
|2012||Rob Andrews||210,470||68%||Gregory W. Horton||92,459||30%||John William Reitter||Green||4,413||1%||Margaret Chapman||Reform Party||1,177||<1%|
- "Biography". Congressman Robert E. Andrews. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007.
- Ostermeier, Eric (February 4, 2014). "Andrews Exits US House with Top 10 Longest Tenure in New Jersey History". Smart Politics.
- Robert Ernest Andrews, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
- Sipress, Alan (November 7, 1990). "Andrews Holds Off Mangini's Challenge Captures Seat In Congress Held For Years By Florio". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Robert E. Andrews - First District of New Jersey Archived April 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- ACU Ratings
- Ratings on liberal issues collated by Project Vote Smart
- National Journal's 2007 Vote Ratings for New Jersey[permanent dead link]
- House Roll Call 455 Office of the Clerk
- H.J.RES.114 Co-sponsors The Library of Congress
- washingtonpost.com/Congress votes database/Key Votes by Robert Andrews Archived October 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- House Roll Call 108 Office of the Clerk
- Roll Call Vote On Passage of the Bill S. 3930 As Amended
- Final Vote Results for Roll Call 508
- US lawmakers target Iran gasoline imports in new sanctions bill
- "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "Congressman Rob Andrews at Yale to Talk About Health Care Law". YaleNews. Yale University. March 21, 2011.
- "Statement from the President on the Retirement of Congressman Rob Andrews". Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- "Democrats' push to create military chaplains for atheists falls flat". Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- Shonkwiler, Mark (May 28, 2014). "Letter from FEC to Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington" (PDF). citizensforethics.org. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 18, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
- Walsh, Jim (June 3, 2014). "FEC Rejects Complaint against Andrews". CourierPost. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Petriccione, Annette (June 3, 2014). "US Closes Case of Former NJ Congressman Rob Andrews". New Jersey WKXW. The Associated Press. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Pulley, Brett. "McGreevey Wins Democratic Nod for Governor", The New York Times, June 4, 1997. Retrieved November 28, 2007.
- Chen, David W. (April 3, 2008). "Congressman to Challenge Lautenberg in Democratic Senate Primary". The New York Times. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Lautenberg defeats Andrews in N.J. Senate primary". Politico. June 3, 2008. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Staff (April 7, 2008). "Camille Andrews will file for Congress". Politicker NJ. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Confessore, Nicholas (September 4, 2008). "Congressman Seeks to Replace Wife on Ballot". The New York Times. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Press Release: Gov. Corzine, NJ Officials Endorse Clinton HillaryClinton.com
- "Andrews: Time for Democrats to unite" Archived December 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. May 13, 2008 The Star-Ledger
- Profile of Camille Spinello Andrews from Rutgers School of Law - Camden. Retrieved December 23, 2006.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
- Office of former Congressman, constituent services
- Rob Andrews at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 1st congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Chairperson of House Democratic Policy Committee