|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 1st district
November 6, 1990 – February 18, 2014
|Preceded by||James Florio|
|Succeeded by||Donald Norcross|
|Born||Robert Ernest Andrews
August 4, 1957
Camden, New Jersey, U.S.
|Alma mater||Bucknell University (B.A.)
Cornell Law School (J.D.)
Robert Ernest "Rob" Andrews (born August 4, 1957) is an American politician and lawyer who is known as one of the primary authors of the Affordable Care Act. He currently leads Dilworth Paxon’s Government Relations practice.
First elected to Congress in 1990, Andrews served for 24 years as the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 1st congressional district, which includes most of Camden County and parts of Burlington County and Gloucester County. In the U.S. House of Representatives, he served as chairman of the Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions.
Early life, education, and early career
Andrews was born in Camden, New Jersey, the son of Josephine (née Amies) and Ernest Andrews. He grew up in Bellmawr and attended Triton Regional High School in Runnemede. Andrews was the first in his family to attend college, graduating from Bucknell University in 1979 with a BA in political science, summa cum laude. He later attended Cornell University Law School, earning his JD degree with honors in 1982.
For several years, Andrews was involved in legal education as a member of Cornell Law Review 's board of editors. He also was an adjunct professor at Rutgers University-Camden Law School. From 1983 onward, Andrews operated a private law practice. In 1986, he was elected as a member of the Camden County Board of Chosen Freeholders, where he served for four years, including two years as freeholder director (1988–1990).
U.S. House of Representatives
In 1990, after a 15-year incumbent Democratic U.S. Congressman James Florio resigned from the U.S. House of Representatives to take office as Governor of New Jersey, Andrews won the 1990 special election and simultaneous general election against Gloucester County Freeholder Daniel J. Mangini. He subsequently won re-election every two years until his retirement. Andrews had the 10th longest tenure among U.S. Representatives in New Jersey history, and the fifth longest among Democrats state. In November 2004, he received more votes than anyone ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey, a record which he broke once again in 2012.
During his tenure, Andrews was considered a “key champion of health care legislation in the U.S. Congress.” According to President Barack Obama, he was an “original author” of the Affordable Care Act and was a “vital partner in its passage and implementation.”
While in office, Andrews was generally considered a moderate by Democratic standards, though he voted with his party most of the time. The New York Times characterized him as "fiscally conservative ... and socially moderate." He earned a lifetime rating of 17.24 from the American Conservative Union and a 2007 rating of 100 from Americans for Democratic Action. He has a liberal rating of 76.2 and a conservative rating of 23.8 from the National Journal.
Andrews served for his entire Congressional career on the House Committee on Education and Labor. He was the Democratic leader and ranking member on the Education Subcommittee on Employer-Employee Relations, and was the chairman of the Education Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions. He also served on the House Armed Services Committee.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Education and the Workforce
- Co-Chairman of the Steering and Policy Committee
- Congressional Arts Caucus
In 2014 Andrews came under investigation by the House Ethics Committee for improper use of campaign funds. The identical substance of the accusations made were dismissed in their entirety by the Federal Elections Commission in May 2014.
|Year||Democrat||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|Rob Andrews||71,373||55%||Daniel J. Mangini||58,087||45%|
|1990||Rob Andrews||72,415||54%||Daniel J. Mangini||57,299||43%||Jerry Zeldin||Libertarian||1,592||1%||Walter E. Konstanty||Pride and Honesty||1,422||1%||William H. Harris||Populist||1,066||1%|
|1992||Rob Andrews||153,525||67%||Lee A. Solomon||65,123||29%||James E. Smith||Pro-Life Pro-Family Veteran||3,761||2%||Jerry Zeldin||Libertarian||2,641||1%||Kenneth L. Lowndes||Pro-Life Independent Conservative||2,163||1%||Nicholas Pastuch||America First Populist||859||<1%|
|1994||Rob Andrews||108,155||72%||James N. Hogan||41,505||28%|
|1996||Rob Andrews||160,413||76%||Mel Suplee||44,287||21%||Michael Edmondson||Independent||2,668||1%||Patricia A.Bily||Independent||1,873||1%||Norman E.Wahner||Independent||1,493||1%|
|1998||Rob Andrews||90,279||73%||Ronald L. Richards||27,855||23%||David E.West, Jr.||Independent||1,684||1%||Joseph W.Stockman||Independent||1,324||1%||Edward Forchion||Independent||1,257||1%||James E.Barber||Independent||943||1%|
|2000||Rob Andrews||167,327||76%||Charlene Cathcart||46,455||21%||Catherine L.Parrish||Independent||3,090||1%||Edward Forchion||Independent||1,959||1%||Joseph A.Patalivo||Independent||781||<1%|
|2002||Rob Andrews||121,846||93%||(no candidate)||Timothy Haas||Libertarian||9,543||7%|
|2004||Rob Andrews||201,163||75%||S. Daniel Hutchison||66,109||25%||Arturo F. Croce||E Pluribus Unum||931||<1%|
|2006||Rob Andrews||140,110||100%||(no candidate)|
|2008||Rob Andrews||191,796||72%||Dale M. Glading||70,466||26%||Matthew Thieke||Green||1,778||<1%||Margaret Chapman||Back toBasics||1,188||<1%||Everitt M.Williams, III||Think Independently||954||<1%||Alvin Lindsay||Lindsay for Congress||483||<1%|
|2010||Rob Andrews||106,334||63%||Dale M. Glading||58,562||35%||Mark Heacock||Green||1,593||<1%||Margaret Chapman||Time for Change||1,257||<1%||Nicky I. Petrutz||Defend American Constitution||521||<1%|
|2012||Rob Andrews||210,470||68%||Gregory W. Horton||92,459||30%||John William Reitter||Green||4,413||1%||Margaret Chapman||Reform Party||1,177||<1%
- Robert Ernest Andrews, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
- Sipress, Alan (November 7, 1990). "Andrews Holds Off Mangini's Challenge Captures Seat In Congress Held For Years By Florio". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Ostermeier, Eric (February 4, 2014). "Andrews Exits US House with Top 10 Longest Tenure in New Jersey History". Smart Politics.
- "Biography". Congressman Robert E. Andrews.
- "Congressman Rob Andrews at Yale to Talk About Health Care Law". YaleNews. Yale University. March 21, 2011.
- "Statement from the President on the Retirement of Congressman Rob Andrews". Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- Robert E. Andrews - First District of New Jersey
- ACU Ratings
- Ratings on liberal issues collated by Project Vote Smart
- National Journal's 2007 Vote Ratings for New Jersey
- Shonkwiler, Mark (May 28, 2014). "Letter from FEC to Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington" (PDF). citizensforethics.org. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington.
- Profile of Camille Spinello Andrews from Rutgers School of Law - Camden. Retrieved December 23, 2006.
- Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- "New Jersey's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012". Ballotpedia.
- Office of former Congressman, constituent services
- Rob Andrews at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 1st congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Chairperson of House Democratic Policy Committee