Robert C. Lautman
Robert Clayton Lautman (November 8, 1923 - October 20, 2009) was an American architectural photographer.
Born in Butte, Montana, his first photographs were made with a box camera for his junior high school yearbook. After attending Montana State University in Bozeman for a year, he traveled east, working briefly as a copyboy for The Washington Post, then enlisting in the Army during World War II.
He became a combat photographer in the Army, and volunteered to parachute onto Corregidor. Despite having never previously made a jump, he landed safely, photographed combat scenes and returned under fire to deliver his film to a waiting PT boat.
He was awarded the first of two Bronze Stars for his work on Corregidor. The second award was with Army Rangers who conducted a daring raid of the Cabanatuan prison camp in the Philippines, liberating 513 prisoners of the Japanese. That raid has been the subject of movies and books.
Following the war, he worked in several photo studios in New York, ultimately establishing in 1948, his own photography business in Washington, DC. By 1954, he was carrying as standard equipment "a lineman's pole climbers and safety belt for shooting from telephone poles and trees" In 1996, he was still going out on a limb, dangling from the end of a construction cranes at the National Cathedral to get the right angle.
The House Committee on Un-American Activities called him to testify in 1954. He was amongst 11 Washington, DC area residents that refused to answer the committee's questions that year on constitutional grounds. That experience did not appear to harm his career, as soon many modernist architects became loyal clients.
In the 1960s, Maryland developer James Rouse hired him to photograph many of his projects across the United States. His national reputation began to grow, and his work began to appear in magazines such as Home and Garden, House Beautiful, Architectural Digest, Elle, Smithsonian and others.
An eye for detail
When asked, how do you capture the essence of an architectural detail in a photograph? “The lighting is everything. Somebody (I'm not sure who; it wasn't me) once said, ‘Architectural photography consists of two things: knowing where to stand and knowing what time to stand there.' That, of course, has to do with light. The rest is just technology.”
And, the key to architectural photography? “It's all these little teeny things—ironing a tablecloth, smoothing the wrinkles out of the bedspread. When you do them, no one notices, but when you don't do them, everyone notices.”
The American Institute of Architects said in 1973, "The subtle play of light and shadow in his photographs captures and compliments the nuances of architectural design," upon awarding him its highest honor, the Gold Medal for Photography.
Thomas Jefferson's Monticello
In collaboration with Ken Burns for his documentary film series on Thomas Jefferson, Lautman created Thomas Jefferson's Monticello - A Photographic Portrait, a collection of photographs that portray Jefferson's Palladian masterpiece near Charlottesville, Virginia, as Jefferson might have photographed it himself, with his own refined intellectual and aesthetic vision. They were made utilizing a unique mid-nineteenth century method, shooting the spaces with a large format camera, using only natural light. The images were printed with a platinum-palladium process on hand-coated paper resulting in photographs that display a never-before-seen radiant atmosphere.
The National Cathedral
Over a 40-year span, Lautman documented the construction of the National Cathedral in Washington, DC. Washington Post architecture critic Benjamin Forgey wrote in 1996, "It is a pleasure to study such photographs at length. Many photographers have stood in more or less the same place [in the cathedral's nave] to capture a dramatic, long view of this interior. Yet so clear are the repeated piers, ribs, trefoils and triforium arches in this photograph that it makes the point better than any other picture I have seen -- the whole is greater than the parts, but the parts themselves are great."
The National Building Museum
Photographing pro bono the old Pension Building, he helped save that structure and it later became the National Building Museum. His archive of 30,000 prints, transparencies and negatives was donated to the museum.
- Back to Bataan at the Internet Movie Database
- The Great Raid at the Internet Movie Database
- Drueding, Meghan (September 1, 2008). "An Eye for Detail". Residential Architect Magazine
- Thomas Jefferson at the Internet Movie Database
- Lautman, Robert C. (February 1, 1997). Thomas Jefferson's Monticello - A Photographic Portrait. Random House. ISBN 978-1-885254-46-7.