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Robert B. Spencer

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Robert Spencer
Robert Spencer.jpg
Born (1962-02-27) February 27, 1962 (age 57)
ResidenceUnited States
NationalityAmerican
Alma materUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (M.A. 1986, Religious Studies)
OccupationAuthor, blogger
Years active2002–present
OrganizationDavid Horowitz Freedom Center
Known forCriticism of Islam,
books and websites about
Jihad and Islamic terrorism
Notable work
The Truth About Muhammad: Founder of the World's Most Intolerant Religion, (2006)
The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam (And the Crusades), (2005)
StyleAdvocacy journalism
Websitejihadwatch.org

Robert Bruce Spencer (born February 27, 1962) is an American author and blogger and a key figure of the "counter-jihad" movement in the United States.[1] He appears frequently on Fox News[2] and has given seminars to various law enforcement units in the United States.[3]

Spencer, a self-proclaimed expert on radical Islam,[4] has published a number of books on the subject including two New York Times bestsellers.[5] In 2003 he founded and has since directed Jihad Watch, a blog which he describes as containing "news of the international jihad, [and] commentary"[6] which is dedicated to "bringing public attention to the role that jihad theology and ideology plays in the modern world, and to correcting popular misconceptions about the role of jihad and religion in modern-day conflicts".[7]

He has also co-founded the anti-Muslim group Stop Islamization of America (SIOA)[8] and the Freedom Defense Initiative with blogger Pamela Geller, with whom he also co-authored a book, The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administration's War on America.

His viewpoints have been described as anti-Muslim.[9][10][11] Spencer describes himself as "the “good” kind of Islamophobe."[12] In 2013 the UK Home Office barred Spencer and Geller from travel to the UK for 3 to 5 years for "making statements that may foster hatred that might lead to inter-community violence".

Background

Spencer is a former member of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church.[13][14] In a 2006 interview, Spencer stated that his grandparents were forced to emigrate from an area that is now part of Turkey because they were Christians.[6] According to a 2010 interview in New York magazine, Spencer's father worked for the Voice of America during the Cold War, and in his younger days, Spencer himself worked at Revolution Books, a Maoist bookstore in New York City founded by Robert Avakian.[15]

Spencer received an M.A. in 1986 in religious studies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His masters thesis was on Catholic history.[16] He has said he has been studying Islamic theology, law, and history since 1980.[6][17] He worked in think tanks for more than 20 years,[15] and in 2002–2003 was an adjunct fellow with the Free Congress Foundation.[18] Spencer named Paul Weyrich, also a Melkite Catholic, as a mentor of his writings on Islam. Spencer writes, "Paul Weyrich taught me a great deal, by word and by example – about how to deal both personally and professionally with the slanders and smears that are a daily aspect of this work."[18]

Spencer left the Catholic Church in 2016 and returned to the Greek Orthodox Church.[19]

Views on Islam

Spencer does not believe that traditional Islam is "inherently terroristic" but says he can prove that "traditional Islam contains violent and supremacist elements", and that "its various schools unanimously teach warfare against and the subjugation of unbelievers".[20] However, he rejects the notion that all Muslims are necessarily violent people.[20] He has said that among moderate Muslims, "there are some who are genuinely trying to frame a theory and practice of Islam that will allow for peaceful coexistence with unbelievers as equals."[21]

Spencer co-founded Stop Islamization of America (SIOA) and the American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) with Pamela Geller in 2010. Both organizations are designated as hate groups by the Anti-Defamation League[22] and the Southern Poverty Law Center.[23][24][25]

In July 2011, Wired reported that two of Spencer's books were listed in FBI training materials. Both The Truth About Muhammad and The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam were recommended for agents hoping to better understand Islam.[26]

Controversies

On December 20, 2006, the government of Pakistan announced a ban on Spencer's book, The Truth About Muhammad, citing "objectionable material" as the cause.[27]

Onward Muslim Soldiers was banned in Malaysia on July 12, 2007.[28]

In 2009, Spencer was asked to participate in an information session about Islam and Muslims designed for ethnic and multicultural librarians entitled "Perspectives on Islam: Beyond the Stereotyping", at the 2009 annual meeting of the American Library Association, which was sponsored by the ALA's Ethnic & Multicultural Information Exchange Round Table (EMIERT). After objections were raised by ALA members and the general public, the three other panelists withdrew in protest and the session was ultimately canceled.[29]

During Operation Protective Edge, Spencer was accused of spreading an anti-Palestinian misinformation video, originally published by Pamela Geller, by inaccurately claiming a video of an Egyptian die-in protest from Egyptian newspaper El Badil was a video of Hamas faking the number of casualties killed by Israel. Robert Spencer wrote “as Muhammad said, ‘War is deceit.’ And so here is more ‘Palestinian’ victimhood propaganda unmasked. Not that the international media and the world ‘human rights community’ will take any notice. Video thanks to Pamela Geller.” After El Badil had the video removed from Geller's YouTube account due to copyright infringement, El Badil wrote that Spencer and Geller's inability to distinguish a die-in protest from an Islamic funeral either makes them "incompetent to speak on Islam or they are professional liars."[30][31]

In an October 2010 news article, an investigative report by The Tennessean described Spencer as one of several individuals who "... cash in on spreading hate and fear about Islam." Tennessean investigation concluded "IRS filings from 2008 show that Robert Spencer earned $132,537 from the David Horowitz Freedom Center, and Horowitz pocketed over $400,000 for himself in just one year".[32][33]

Spencer was first invited to be a speaker at the Catholic Men's Conference of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Worcester on March 16, 2013.[34] The Bishop Robert Joseph McManus then decided to rescind the invitation.[35]

University appearances

On April 13, 2017, Spencer spoke at the Truman State University despite protests and a petition against him. He was invited by the Young America's Foundation.[36]

On May 1, 2017, Spencer spoke at the University of Buffalo. There he was shouted down and heckled.[37]

On May 3, 2017, Spencer spoke at Gettysburg College. 375 alumni urged the college president Janet Morgan Riggs to cancel the speech, but the event went on as planned.[38] Spencer said, "There is one kind of diversity that is not valued generally in an academic setting and that is intellectual diversity."[39]

On November 14, 2017, Spencer spoke at Stanford University. Many students walked out during the event.[40]

Ban from entering the UK

On June 26, 2013, Spencer and Pamela Geller were banned from entering the UK.[41] They were due to speak at an English Defence League march in Woolwich, south London, where Drummer Lee Rigby was killed. Home Secretary Theresa May informed Spencer and Geller that their presence in the UK would "not be conducive to the public good".[42]

A letter from the UK Home Office stated that this decision is based on Spencer's statement that:

"It [Islam] is a religion or a belief system that mandates warfare against unbelievers for the purpose of establishing a societal model that is absolutely incompatible with Western society ... because of media and general government unwillingness to face the sources of Islamic terrorism these things remain largely unknown."[43]

The decision will stand for between three and five years. The ban followed a concerted campaign by the UK anti-extremism and civil rights organization Hope not Hate,[44] which said it had collected 26,000 signatures for a petition to the Home Secretary.[45] Spencer and Geller contested the ban, but in 2015 the British Court of Appeals dismissed the appeal, arguing that "this was a public order case where the police had advised that significant public disorder and serious violence might ensue from the proposed visit."[46][47]

The ban was criticised by Douglas Murray. He noted that Islamist hate preachers are still allowed to enter the UK.[48]

Bibliography

Best sellers

  • The Truth About Muhammad: Founder of the World's Most Intolerant Religion, Regnery Press, 2006 (NYT bestseller list – 2006-10-29[49]) ISBN 1-59698-028-1 OCLC 232648493
  • The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam (And the Crusades), Regnery Press, 2005. (NYT bestseller list – 2005-10-16[50]) ISBN 0-89526-013-1 OCLC 779057129

Other books

Pamphlets

Interviews

See also

References

  1. ^ Lee, Benjamin (September 4, 2015). "A Day in the "Swamp": Understanding Discourse in the Online Counter-Jihad Nebula" (PDF). Democracy and Security. 11 (3): 248–274. doi:10.1080/17419166.2015.1067612.
  2. ^ "Meet The Extremists Who Lead Fox's Conversation About Islam". Media Matters. January 13, 2015. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  3. ^ "Anti-Muslim speakers still popular in law enforcement training". The Washington Post. March 12, 2014. Archived from the original on March 18, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  4. ^ Deland, Mats (2014). In the Tracks of Breivik: Far Right Networks in Northern and Eastern Europe. Berlin Wien: Lit Verlag. p. 162. ISBN 978-3-643-90542-0.
  5. ^ Simon & Schuster: "Robert Spencer" Archived December 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine retrieved December 25, 2015
  6. ^ a b c "Robert Spencer Jihad Watch, Director Q & A with Brian Lamb". CSpan. August 20, 2006. Archived from the original on November 9, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  7. ^ "Why Jihad Watch?". Jihad Watch. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2011.
  8. ^ Jeffrey Kaplan; Heléne Lööw; Leena Malkki (2017). Lone Wolf and Autonomous Cell Terrorism. Taylor & Francis. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-317-53042-8.
  9. ^ "Anti-Muslim speakers still popular in law enforcement training". The Washington Post. 2014.
  10. ^ Shane, Scott (August 3, 2011). "To Fight Radical Islam, U.S. Wants Muslim Allies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  11. ^ "Iowa's congressional delegation responds to Trump immigration order". Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  12. ^ "The Case for Islamophobia". Frontpage Mag. December 6, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  13. ^ "About Robert Spencer". Jihad Watch. Archived from the original on December 29, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
  14. ^ Spencer, Robert (October 26, 2010). "Pope must condemn demonizing of Israel". Spero News. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
  15. ^ a b Mark Jacobson (August 22, 2010). "Muhammad Comes to Manhattan". New York. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
  16. ^ "The monophysite in the mirror, by Robert Bruce Spencer". Davis Library Thesis, Religion, 1986. UNC-CH Libraries. 1986. Archived from the original on March 1, 2017. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  17. ^ "Marines gather to honor, celebrate". Trib.com. October 26, 2005. Archived from the original on September 8, 2017. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
  18. ^ a b Robert Spencer (December 19, 2008). "A Tribute: Paul Weyrich Has Died". Catholic Online. Archived from the original on March 9, 2009. Retrieved December 16, 2010.
  19. ^ Jeffrey Rubin (October 25, 2018). "Robert Spencer and the Religion of Terror". Crisis Magazine. Archived from the original on October 25, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  20. ^ a b "The Last Patriot: Worse than Spencer's books!". Jihad Watch. July 7, 2008. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
  21. ^ Robert Spencer (January 14, 2006). "What is a moderate Muslim?". Jihad Watch. Archived from the original on October 14, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  22. ^ "Backgrounder: Stop Islamization of America (SIOA)" Archived May 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Extremism. Anti-Defamation League. March 25, 2011 [August 26, 2010]. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
  23. ^ Lach, Eric (March 1, 2011). "Pam Geller On 'Hate Group' Label: 'A Badge of Honor'". Talking Points Memo. Archived from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
  24. ^ "Pamela Geller & Stop Islamization of America". Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on June 25, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  25. ^ Steinback, Robert (Summer 2011). "Jihad Against Islam". Intelligence Report, Issue #142. Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  26. ^ Ackerman, Spencer (July 27, 2011). "FBI 'Islam 101' Guide Depicted Muslims as 7th-Century Simpletons". Wired. Archived from the original on December 4, 2018. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  27. ^ "Pakistan: Book Closed on Muhammad". January 9, 2007. Archived from the original on June 12, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  28. ^ "Ministry Bans 14 Books". BERNAMA. July 12, 2007. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  29. ^ Raya Kuzyk; Norman Oder (July 11, 2009). "ALA Conference 2009: Panelists Quit Session Featuring 'Islam Basher'". Library Journal. Archived from the original on December 24, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  30. ^ Pamela Geller is transmitting hate against Palestinians by spreading misinformation, El Badil, (2014). Elbadil.com Archived October 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ Conservative Post, Gaza ‘Corpses’ Caught Moving When They Forget Cameras Are On Them, August 19, 2014 Conservativepost.com Archived November 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "Anti-Muslim crusaders make millions spreading fear". October 24, 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
  33. ^ "David Horowitz Freedom Center's IRS Form 990" (PDF). June 3, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  34. ^ "Catholic speakers". Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  35. ^ "Catholic Men's Conference opens ticket sales". The Catholic Free Press. February 8, 2013. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  36. ^ "Truman State grapples with controversial anti-Muslim speaker". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Archived from the original on April 24, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  37. ^ "No violence, but UB speaker greeted with tension, heckling". The Buffalo News. May 2, 2017. Archived from the original on May 2, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  38. ^ "Open letter from 375 alums urges President Riggs to cancel Robert Spencer's speech". The Gettysburgian. May 1, 2017. Archived from the original on May 3, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  39. ^ Pontz, Benjamin (May 3, 2017). "Robert Spencer's speech at Gettysburg College engages students in civil discourse". The Gettysburgian. Archived from the original on May 4, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  40. ^ "Stanford Students Walk Out, Protest During Robert Spencer Speaking Event". NBC Bay Area. Archived from the original on November 17, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  41. ^ "US bloggers banned from entering UK". BBC. June 26, 2013. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  42. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (June 26, 2013). "Anti-Ground Zero Mosque campaigners Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer barred from entering Britain to speak at an EDL rally". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  43. ^ The Speech that Got Robert Spencer Banned From the UK. YouTube. June 27, 2013. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  44. ^ "Anti-Muslim pair banned from UK". Daily Express. UK. June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  45. ^ Lowles, Nick. "Geller and Spencer Banned". Hope not Hate. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  46. ^ "Geller & Anor, R (on the application of) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 45 (05 February 2015)". British and Irish Legal Information Institute. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  47. ^ English, Rosalind (February 15, 2015). "Critics of Islam prevented from entering UK to attend Lee Rigby rally". UK Human Rights Blog. 1 Crown Office Row. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  48. ^ "A gross double standard over hate speech". The Spectator. UK. June 27, 2013. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  49. ^ Best Sellers – Hardcover Nonfiction Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback MachineNYT
  50. ^ Paperback NonfictionNYT

External links