Rockdale, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||15,534 (2016 census)|
|• Density||6,470/km2 (16,800/sq mi)|
|Area||2.4 km2 (0.9 sq mi)|
|Location||13 km (8 mi) south of Sydney CBD|
Rockdale is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Rockdale is located 13 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the St George area. Rockdale is one of the administrative centres for the local government area of the Bayside Council.
Rockdale was known by Europeans as Frog Hollow, then White Gum Flat and later as West Botany. The name Rockdale was suggested in 1878 by the first postmistress, Mrs Mary Ann Geeves. The name for the district gained more credence when the local railway station on the new Illawarra rail line, opened on 15 October 1884, was also given the name Rockdale. The West Botany Municipality, declared on 13 January 1871 with two wards, West Botany and Arncliffe, was renamed "The Municipality of Rockdale" on 17 May 1888.
A council chambers for the West Botany Municipality was built in 1872 on Rocky Point Road, Arncliffe and was used until 1888 when a new building was erected on the site of the present Rockdale Town Hall, which was then demolished and rebuilt in 1940 
There was a suggestion that the area become the Municipality of Scarborough but the name Rockdale was suggested by pioneer Mary Ann Geeves, postmistress and tollgate keeper and was officially adopted in 1887. Her husband, Yeoman Geeves, was a ganger on the construction of Rocky Point Road and the demolition of Cobbler's Hill (later called Arncliffe Hill). The Geeves family, including eldest son Frederick lived on the corner of today's Princes Highway and Tramway Arcade. Their general store adjoined the cottage and operated the first post office between Arncliffe and Kogarah in 1882. Residential development began with the opening of the railway in 1884. Perhaps the most significant property developer during the 1880s was Frederick Jamison Gibbes (1839–1888), a Member of Parliament, who is commemorated by Gibbes Street in Banksia. Until 1949, an electric tramway operated between Rockdale Station down Bay Street to Brighton-Le-Sands. In 1948, Rockdale and Bexley councils amalgamated as Rockdale Municipal Council. The City of Rockdale was declared in 1995  and it was merged with City of Botany Bay in 2016 to become Bayside Council.
Rockdale has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Illawarra railway: Rockdale railway station
- 18 Lydham Avenue: Lydham Hall
- Occupation Road: Kyeemagh Market Gardens
- 310 West Botany Street: Wilsons Farm House
Rockdale has a mixture of residential, commercial and light industrial areas. The main shopping strip runs along the Princes Highway, on the eastern side of Rockdale railway station. The commercial centre spreads out into surrounding streets and on the western side of the railway line. King Street has developed into a cosy strip of cafes and grocery shops. Commercial developments run along the length of the parts of Bay Street and West Botany Street. The light industrial areas are located around West Botany Street.
Rockdale Town Hall and the St George Tavern are examples of some of the Art Deco architecture in the area. The Town Hall was built in 1940 to a design by local resident and architect Douglas Gardiner.
According to the 2016 Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population, there were 15,534 people usually resident in Rockdale. 31.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were Nepal 12.8%, China 9.7%, Bangladesh 5.0%, Macedonia 3.8% and Philippines 3.4%. 25.1% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Nepali 13.4%, Mandarin 8.3%, Macedonian 5.8%, Bengali 5.1% and Cantonese 4.8%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were No Religion 20.1%, Catholic 17.1%, Hinduism 14.6%, Islam 10.5% and Eastern Orthodox 10.2%.
- Federal Government: Rockdale is in the Division of Barton in the Australian House of Representatives.
- State government: Rockdale is in the Electoral district of Rockdale in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
- Local Government: Rockdale is in the local government area of the Bayside Council.
The Princes Highway is the main road through Rockdale. West Botany Street, to the east, runs parallel to Princes Highway. Bay Street links Rockdale to General Holmes Drive at Brighton-le-Sands. Rockdale railway station is on the Illawarra line of the Sydney Trains network. Rockdale is a major bus interchange for State Transit buses, which provides services to Miranda, Brighton-Le-Sands, Burwood and Bondi Junction.
Rockdale to Brighton-Le-Sands tram line
This line opened as a private steam tramway in 1885. It was electrified in 1900, and moved into government ownership in 1914. The line connected with the trains at Rockdale station, then passed down Bay Street to Brighton-Le-Sands. The line was single track throughout, with a passing loop at each end. The line closed in 1949 and was replaced by a bus service. A small depot in Rockdale maintained the cars.
Rockdale is also serviced by St George Community Transport, a HACC funded transport serviced for the Frail Aged, people with disability and their carers.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rockdale (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- A Century of Progress: Rockdale 1871-1971 compiled by Rockdale Municipal Council, produced by Paul Horne and printed by Posters Pty, Ltd, Lane Cove
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Page 223, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 223
- Lawrence, Joan (1996). Pictorial Memories St. George: Rockdale, Kogarah, Hurstville. Australia: Kingsclear Books. ISBN 0-908272-45-6.
- "Rockdale Railway Station Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01238. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Lydham Hall". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00477. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Kyeemagh Market Gardens". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01393. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Wilsons Farm House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00487. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "About Us | Rockdale Plaza". www.rockdaleplaza.com.au. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
- "BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 16 January 1940. p. 7. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
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