|Birth name||Rodney Lynn Temperton|
|Also known as||R. Temperton|
"The Invisible Man"
|Born||9 October 1949|
Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England
|Died||25 September 2016 (aged 66)|
|Genres||Pop, disco, funk, soul|
|Occupation(s)||Songwriter, musician, record producer|
Temperton was the keyboardist and main songwriter for the 1970s pop music, disco and funk band Heatwave, writing songs including "Star of a Story", "Always and Forever", "Boogie Nights", and "The Groove Line". After he was recruited by record producer Quincy Jones, he wrote several successful singles for Michael Jackson, including "Thriller", "Off the Wall", and "Rock with You". He also wrote songs for George Benson, including "Give Me the Night" and "Love X Love", along with Patti Austin and James Ingram's United States number-one single "Baby, Come to Me", among many others.
Temperton wrote the soundtrack for the 1986 film Running Scared. In 1990 he won a Grammy Award for Best Arrangement, Instrumental or A Cappella for Birdland.
Rodney Lynn Temperton was born in Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, on 9 October 1949. Interviewed for the BBC Radio 2 documentary The Invisible Man: the Rod Temperton Story, he said that he was a musician from an early age: "My father wasn't the kind of person who would read you a story before you went off to sleep. He used to put a transistor radio in the crib, right on the pillow, and I'd go to sleep listening to Radio Luxembourg, and I think that had an influence."
Temperton attended De Aston Grammar School, Market Rasen, Lincolnshire, and he formed a group for the school's music competitions. He was a drummer at this time. "I'd get in the living room with my snare drum and my cymbal and play along to the BBC test card, which was all kinds of music they'd be playing continuously." On leaving school, he started working as a fish filleter for Ross Frozen Foods in Grimsby, Lincolnshire.
Temperton soon became a full-time musician as a keyboard player, and played in several dance bands. This took him to Worms in Germany. In 1974, he answered an advert in Melody Maker for a keyboardist, placed by Johnnie Wilder Jr., and as a result, became a member of the pop, disco, and funk band: Heatwave, which Wilder was putting together at the time. "He was the first British guy that I had ever met personally. He spoke kind of funny but he had a good sense of humour and he was a very friendly guy. After meeting him and then seeing him play I kind of determined he was a good enough player and entertainer and I just knew he would fit in the group", said Wilder. Temperton played Wilder tunes he had been composing: "I was very interested because we were doing a lot of cover tunes – we weren't doing a lot of original material – I was really interested." The songs provided material for 1976's Too Hot to Handle including "Boogie Nights", which broke the band in the United Kingdom and the United States, and the ballad "Always and Forever"; both tracks were million-sellers in the USA.
Despite the slick American sound, Temperton's working surroundings were still far from glamorous. Alan Kirk, a Yorkshire musician with Jimmy James and the Vagabonds, who toured with Heatwave in the mid 1970s, remembered: "Always and Forever was written on a Wurlitzer piano at the side of a pile of pungent washing – sorry to disappoint all the romantics." And producer Barry Blue recalled: "He had a very small flat, so everything had to be done within one room and he had piles of washing, and had the TV on top of the organ. It was a nightmare [...] he had trams running outside [...] but he made it, he just absorbed himself in the music and Rod seemed to come up with these amazing songs." In 1977, Heatwave followed up the success of its first album with its second, Central Heating, with Barry Blue again producing, and Temperton behind the majority of the songs. It included "The Groove Line", another international hit single. In 1978, Temperton decided to concentrate on writing, and left Heatwave, though he continued to write for the band.
Songs written for Michael Jackson
Temperton's work attracted the attention of Quincy Jones, and he asked his engineer Bruce Swedien to check out the Heatwave album. "Holy cow! I simply loved Rod's musical feeling – everything about it – Rod's arrangements, his tunes, his songs – was exceedingly hip", recalled Swedien, also calling Temperton: "the most disciplined pop music composer I've ever met. When he comes to the studio, every musical detail is written down or accounted for in Rod's mind. He never stops until he feels confident that the music we're working on is able to stand on its own." In 1979, Temperton was recruited by Quincy Jones to write for what became Michael Jackson's first solo album in four years, and his first full-fledged solo release for Epic Records, titled Off the Wall. Temperton wrote three songs for the album, including "Rock with You", which became the second US number 1 single from the album.
In the early 1980s, Temperton left Germany and moved to Beverly Hills, California. In 1982, Temperton wrote three songs, including the title track, for Jackson's next LP, Thriller, which became the biggest-selling album of all time in the United States, selling 32 million copies. Temperton also wrote the spoken word section of the song for the actor Vincent Price. On coming up with the title "Thriller", Temperton once said:
I went back to the hotel, wrote two or three hundred titles and came up with Midnight Man. The next morning, I woke up and I just said this word. Something in my head just said, 'This is the title'. You could visualise it at the top of the Billboard charts. You could see the merchandising for this one word, how it jumped off the page as 'Thriller'.
Other songwriting successes
Temperton wrote successfully for other musicians, his hits including disco classic "Stomp!" for The Brothers Johnson; George Benson's "Give Me the Night"; "Baby, Come to Me" for Patti Austin and James Ingram; "Love Is in Control (Finger on the Trigger)" for Donna Summer; and "Yah Mo B There" for James Ingram and Michael McDonald. Temperton also wrote for Herbie Hancock, The Manhattan Transfer, Mica Paris, Rufus and Chaka Khan, and many others.
In 1982, Temperton wrote the music to Someone in the Dark, recorded by Michael Jackson, and produced by Quincy Jones, for the movie E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, with lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman.
In 1986, Temperton was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Miss Celie's Blues (Sister)", which he wrote with Quincy Jones and Lionel Richie for The Color Purple film of 1985. (Richie won the award for "Say You, Say Me", from White Nights.) He was also nominated for Best Original Score, along with the 11 other composers, including Jones, who worked on The Color Purple's soundtrack.
Later in 1986, the buddy-cop action-comedy Running Scared was released, featuring five new songs written by Temperton, including "Sweet Freedom", performed by Michael McDonald; and "Man Size Love", performed by Klymaxx. Temperton also composed the film's score.
Personal life and death
After leaving Heatwave to concentrate on his songwriting, Temperton shunned the celebrity lifestyle, and remained a very private man. Due to his low profile, Temperton was nicknamed "The Invisible Man". He died on 25 September 2016 after "a brief aggressive battle with cancer", as described by Jon Platt of Warner/Chappell music publishing. His death would be announced a week later on 5 October 2016, with his private funeral having already taken place. Gilles Peterson, a BBC radio presenter, paid tribute to Temperton on Twitter: "Apart from Lennon and McCartney no one from the UK has written more gold plated songs than Sir Rod Temperton... a huge loss. RIP."
|Year||Song||First charted by||Credited co-writer(s) with Temperton||US
versions, and notes
|1977||"Boogie Nights"||Heatwave||2||5||2||1992: Sonia, no.30 UK|
|"Too Hot to Handle" /
"Slip Your Disc to This"
|1978||"Always and Forever"||18||2||9||1985: Nicole, no.66 US R&B|
1990: Whistle, no.9 US R&B
1994: Luther Vandross, no.58 US pop, no.16 US R&B, no.20 UK
|"The Groove Line"||7||3||12||1999: The Blockster, no.18 UK|
|"Keep Tomorrow For Me"||Barry Blue||-||-||-|
|"Rock with You"||Michael Jackson||1||1||7||1996: Quincy Jones, no.74 US R&B|
1998: D'Influence, no.30 UK
2006: Michael Jackson, no.15 UK (re-entry)
2009: Michael Jackson, no.54 UK (2nd re-entry)
|"Off the Wall"||10||5||7||2000: Wisdome, no.33 UK|
2009: Michael Jackson, no.73 UK (re-entry)
|"Burn This Disco Out"||–||–||–|
|"Live In Me"||Rufus and Chaka Khan||–||–||–|
|1980||"Stomp!"||The Brothers Johnson||Louis Johnson, George Johnson, Valerie Johnson||7||1||6||1996: Quincy Jones, no.28 UK|
|"Light Up the Night"||Louis Johnson, George Johnson||–||16||47|
|"Give Me the Night"||George Benson||4||1||7||1984: Mirage, no.49 UK|
1996: Randy Crawford, no.47 US R&B, no.60 UK
|"Treasure"||The Brothers Johnson||73||36||–|
|"Love X Love"||George Benson||61||9||10|
|"Off Broadway"||–||–||–||Grammy Best R&B Instrumental Performance|
|"Gangsters of the Groove"||Heatwave||110||21||19|
|"Turn Out the Lamplight"||George Benson||109||33||–||First recorded by Heatwave|
|"Lovelines"||Karen Carpenter||–||–||–||From solo album, released 1996|
|"Turn On the Action"||–||–||–|
|"Do You Love Me?"||Patti Austin||–||24||76|
|"The Steamin' Feeling"|
|"Sign Of The Times"|
|1982||"Gettin' to the Good Part"||Herbie Hancock||Herbie Hancock||–||47||–|
|"Lettin' It Loose"||Heatwave||–||54||–|
|"Lite Me Up"||Herbie Hancock||–||52||–|
|"Baby, Come to Me"||Patti Austin and James Ingram||1||9||11||1984: Stephanie Winslow, no.42 US country|
1997: Alexander O'Neal & Cherrelle, no.56 UK
|"Love Is in Control (Finger on the Trigger)"||Donna Summer||Quincy Jones, Merria Ross||10||4||18|
|1983||"Thriller"||Michael Jackson||4||3||10||2007: Michael Jackson, no.57 UK (re-entry)|
2008: Michael Jackson, no.35 UK (re-entry)
2009: Michael Jackson, no.12 UK (re-entry)
2010: Michael Jackson, no.68 UK (re-entry)
2011: The Glee Cast, no.38 US, no.23 UK
2011: Michael Jackson, no.79 UK (re-entry)
2012: Michael Jackson, no.49 UK (re-entry)
2013: Michael Jackson, no.42 US, no.49 UK (re-entry)
2014: Michael Jackson, no.35 US (re-entry)
|"Baby Be Mine"||–||–||–|
|"The Lady in My Life"||–||–||–|
|"Spice of Life"||The Manhattan Transfer||Derek Bramble||40||32||19|
|"Yah Mo B There"||James Ingram and Michael McDonald||James Ingram, Michael McDonald, Quincy Jones||19||5||12|
|1984||"Mystery"||The Manhattan Transfer||102||80||–||1986: Rapture (Anita Baker album)|
|1986||"Sweet Freedom"||Michael McDonald||7||17||12||2002: Safri Duo, no.54 UK|
|"Man Size Love"||Klymaxx||15||43||86|
|1990||"The Secret Garden (Sweet Seduction Suite)"||Quincy Jones feat. Al B. Sure!, James Ingram, El DeBarge, Barry White||Quincy Jones, Siedah Garrett, El DeBarge||31||1||67|
|1991||"Givin' In to Love"||Patti Austin||–||55||–|
|1993||"Never Do You Wrong"||Stephanie Mills||Vassal Benford, Ron Spearman, Carol Duboc||–||33||57|
|"Two in a Million"||Mica Paris||–||–||51|
|1994||"Vibe" (includes a sample of "Love x Love", from Give Me the Night, 1980)||Zhané||Kier Gist,
|1995||"Hey Lover" (includes a sample of "The Lady in My Life", from Thriller, 1982)||LL Cool J||James Todd Smith||3||3||17|
|"You Put a Move on My Heart"||Tamia||98||16||–||First recorded by Mica Paris|
|2020||"Turn Down the Sound"||Nikki Yanofsky||Nikki Yanofsky||–||–||–|
|"–" denotes releases that did not chart.|
- The Running Scared soundtrack album, 1986 (with Dick Rudolph and Bruce Swedien)
- "We Belong to Love" by Jeffrey Osborne, from Emotional, 1986
- Kiss of Life by Siedah Garrett, 1988 (with Dick Rudolph)
- Back on the Block by Quincy Jones, 1989 (associate producer)
- "Givin' In to Love" by Patti Austin, from Carry On, 1991
- "You Put a Move on My Heart", "We Were Made for Love", "Two in a Million", and "Love Keeps Coming Back" by Mica Paris, from Whisper a Prayer, 1993
- "We Are the Future", from We Are the Future: You Are the Answer, 2004 (with Sunny Levine)
- Back on the Block, with Andrae Crouch, Quincy Jones, Quincy Jones III, and Bill Summers; Wee B. Dooinit, with Siedah Garrett, Jones, Mark Kibble, and Ian Prince; Birdland (winner of the 1991 Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Arrangement), with Jerry Hey, Jones, and Prince; Tomorrow (A Better You, Better Me), with Hey and Jones; The Secret Garden, with Garrett, Hey, and Jones, from Back on the Block, 1989
- You Put a Move on My Heart, with John Clayton; Rock with You, with Jones, Jones III, and Greg Phillinganes; Stomp, with Hey and Jones; Heaven's Girl, with Hey, Jones, and R. Kelly; and Slow Jams, with Clayton, Hey, and Phillinganes, from Q's Jook Joint, 1995
- Lovelines and My Body Keeps Changing My Mind, from solo album by Karen Carpenter recorded in 1979-1980, released in 1996.
- "Rod Temperton". TheTimes.co.uk. The Times – Times Newspapers Limited. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- "Rod Temperton: Thriller songwriter dies aged 66". BBC.co.uk. BBC News – British Broadcasting Corporation. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- "The Invisible Man: the Rod Temperton story", narrated by Paul Gambaccini, BBC Radio 2, BBC Radio – British Broadcasting Corporation.
- "Find a will: Temperton, Rodney Lynn". ProbateSearch.service.GOV.uk. HM Government of the United Kingdom. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- "Rod Temperton, songwriter who wrote Michael Jackson's Thriller – obituary". The Telegraph. The Telegraph – Telegraph Media Group Limited. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- "De Aston School news". De-Aston.Lincs.sch.uk. De Aston Grammar School. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- "Would 'uke' believe it! The De Aston Michael Jackson with 36 albums". GrimsbyTelegraph.co.uk. Grimsby Telegraph. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.[permanent dead link]
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 248. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Paphides, Pete (5 October 2016). "Rod Temperton: the effortless orchestrator of the perfect pop illusion". The Guardian.
- "Rod Temperton dead: 'Thriller' songwriter dies aged 66". HuffingtonPost.co.uk. Huffington Post. 6 October 2016.
- "The making of Michael Jackson's Thriller". MusicRadar.com. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- Hoffmann, Christian (18 July 2009). "Komponist von Michael Jackson war Wormser". MorgenWeb.de. Mannheimer Morgen. p. 30. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012.
- "Rod Temperton - obituary". The Guardian. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Michael Jackson: How Rod Temperton invented Thriller". Telegraph.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph – Telegraph Media Group Limited. 26 June 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Various – Running Scared (music from the motion picture soundtrack)". Discogs.com. 1986. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- Peterson, Gilles (5 October 2016). "Gilles Peterson tweet on the death of Rod Temperton". Twitter.com. Twitter, Inc. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- "Obituary - Rod Temperton, songwriter behind Michael Jackson's Thriller and Rock With You". HeraldScotland.com. Herald Scotland. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Songs written by Rod Temperton". MusicVF.com. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.
- Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-1995. Record Research.
- Betts, Graham (2004). Complete UK Hit Singles 1952-2004 (1st ed.). London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-717931-6.
- Khan, Chaka (5 October 2016). "Chaka Khan tweet on the death of Rod Temperton". Twitter.com. Twitter, Inc. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- "Nikki Yanofsky releases new album feat. Rod Temperton's last song". ShoreFire.com. Shore Fire Media. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
- "Running Scared (1986 Original Soundtrack)". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- "Emotional – Jeffrey Osborne". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- "Siedah Garrett – Kiss Of Life". Discogs.com. 1988. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "Quincy Jones – Back On The Block". Discogs.com. 1989. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- "Billboard: single reviews". Billboard. Internet Archive: Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 12 October 1991. Retrieved 7 October 2016. Alt URL
- "Mica Paris – Whisper A Prayer". Discogs.com. 1993. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "Various – We Are The Future: You Are The Answer". Discogs.com. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "Quincy Jones – Q's Jook Joint". Discogs.com. 7 November 1995. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- Rod Temperton at AllMusic
- Rod Temperton discography at Discogs
- Rod Temperton at IMDb
- Six Million Steps – Rod Temperton Special radio show from March 2008
- Six Million Steps – Rod Temperton Special REMIXED radio show from October 2016
- Irreverent website info
- "The Yorkshire Post" article (2006)
- "Rod Temperton, songwriting giant behind Thriller and Off the Wall, dies", 6 October 2016, Death-Notices.co.uk,
- "The Invisible Man" documentary