Roger M. Kyes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Roger M. Kyes
Roger-M-Kyes-DepSecDef.jpg
4th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
In office
January 30, 1953 – May 1, 1954
PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded byWilliam Chapman Foster
Succeeded byRobert B. Anderson
Personal details
Born
Rogers Martin Kyes

( 1906-03-06)March 6, 1906
East Palestine, Ohio,[1] USA
DiedFebruary 14, 1971(1971-02-14) (aged 64)
Columbus, Ohio
Resting placeKirk in the Hills Columbarium[2]
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
42°34′52″N 83°17′39″W / 42.58104°N 83.29429°W / 42.58104; -83.29429
Spouse(s)Helen Gilmore Kyes (née Jacoby)
Children
  • Carolyn Kyes Eggert
  • Frances Elizabeth Kyes
  • Katharine Kyes Leab
  • Cynthia Anne Spence
MotherMyra Eunice Kyes (née Rogers)
FatherLafayette Martin Kyes
Alma materHarvard University
(Bachelor of Arts, Economics)
Awards

Roger Martin Kyes (March 6, 1906 – February 14, 1971), born Rogers Martin Kyes, was a General Motors executive who served as United States Deputy Secretary of Defense in 1953 during the Eisenhower administration.

Biography[edit]

Roger M. Kyes was born in East Palestine, Ohio, on March 6, 1906, and was a graduate of Culver Military Academy (Summer Culver Naval School), the Rayen School at Youngstown, Ohio, and, in 1928, Harvard University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics.[2][3]

After graduation from Harvard, Kyes worked from 1928 to 1930 as an assistant to the president of the Glenn L. Martin Company in both Cleveland and Baltimore and then, from 1930 to 1932, as assistant to the vice president of the Black & Decker Mfg. Co.. Kyes got his start in farm implements in 1932, as vice president running a Cleveland firm, the Empire Plow Company, which supplied implements to the Ferguson Company. In 1940, Harry Ferguson persuaded Kyes to join the Ferguson Company and Kyes relocated from Cleveland to Dearborn, Michigan. As executive vice president and general manager from 1941 to 1943 and president from 1943 to 1947 of the Ferguson‐Sherman Manufacturing Corporation in Detroit, Kyes was responsible for overseeing the firm's day-to-day business operations.[2][4]

Kyes left the Ferguson Company in 1947, joining General Motors. In 1949, Kyes was appointed assistant general manager of the transit bus division (Truck and Coach Division) of General Motors Diesel Division. Kyes was responsible for the division in the period in which transit buses overtook streetcars as the primary form of public transport in most large American cities.[2][4]

In 1953, President of the United States Dwight D. Eisenhower named GM president Charles Erwin Wilson as United States Secretary of Defense. Wilson asked to be allowed to bring Kyes along, so, at Wilson's request, Eisenhower nominated Kyes as United States Deputy Secretary of Defense.[5] Kyes was sworn in on February 2, 1953, and served as Deputy Secretary of Defense until May 1, 1954.[6] Upon becoming Deputy Secretary of Defense, Kyes criticized the United States military-defense establishment as dominated by "unrealistic requirements, poor planning and inefficient execution . . . waste of money, poor utilization of manpower, unnecessary drain of materials from the civilian economy, and the inefficient use of tools, equipment and facilities."[5] He slashed the defense budget in an attempt to improve efficiencies, in the process gaining himself the nickname of "Jolly Roger" because of his piratical ruthlessness.[5] As Deputy Secretary, Kyes was a member of the Committee on International Information Activities.

Kyes agreed to come to Washington, D. C. for only a year, although Defense Secretary Wilson convinced Kyes to stay a few months longer to help explain the administration's "New Look" defense concept to the United States Congress.[7] When some editors speculated that Kyes was leaving because he was afraid of being called before the McCarthy hearings, the tough minded Kyes said he was not afraid of a fight.[7] President Eisenhower awarded Kyes the Medal of Freedom for his service to the country.[5]

Upon leaving government, Kyes returned to General Motors, becoming an Executive Vice President in 1965.[2][3] In the 1960s, he clashed with John DeLorean.[8]

In 1969, Kyes left General Motors to become chief executive officer of the American Steamship Company.[9]

At the beginning of 1971 he joined Lazard Freres as a General Partner.[3][10]

Kyes died of a heart attack in 1971 in Columbus, Ohio at the wedding reception of a niece.[2][3][5]

An American Steamship Company vessel was christened the Roger M. Kyes in his honor on July 28, 1973 by his wife at Toledo, Ohio.[9]

Kyes was active in the Presbyterian church. In 1954, he was ordained a Ruling Elder in the Church. From 1954 to 1960 and again from 1962 to 1965, he was Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Kirk in the Hills Church in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meet the men to boss our military forces
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Roger Kyes, Ex‐Deputy Defense Secretary, Dies". The New York Times. Columbus, Ohio: The New York Times Company. February 15, 1971. p. 26. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "KYES, ROGER M. & KYES FAMILY; Papers, 1906-97" (PDF). archives.gov. Dwight D. Eisenhower Library. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Mr. Ford's Only Partner" (PDF). oldfergusontractors.com. Fortune Magazine. January 1942. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 18, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Milestones, Mar. 1, 1971". Time. Time Inc. March 1, 1971. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  6. ^ "Deputy Secretaries of Defense" (PDF). Department of Defense Washington Headquarters Services. United States Department of Defense. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "The Administration: Leave-Taking". Time. Time Inc. March 15, 1954. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  8. ^ Severson, Aaron (April 8, 2008). "The Summer of John Z: John DeLorean and the Pontiac Firebird". Ate Up With Motor. Aaron Severson dba Ate Up With Motor. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Wharton, George (2018). "Algoma Compass, Adam E. Cornelius, Roger M. Kyes". Great Lakes and Seaway Shipping. Boatnerd.com. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  10. ^ The New York Times, January 7, 1971

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Robert A. Lovett
United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
February 2, 1953 – May 1, 1954
Succeeded by
Robert B. Anderson