Rosco Gordon

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Rosco Gordon
RoscoGordonAlbumcover.jpg
Background information
Birth nameRosco N. Gordon III
Born(1928-04-10)April 10, 1928
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
DiedJuly 11, 2002(2002-07-11) (aged 74)
Queens, New York City
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • singer
  • songwriter
InstrumentsPiano
Years active1950–2002
Labels

Rosco N. Gordon III (April 10, 1928 – July 11, 2002)[1] was an American blues singer, pianist, and songwriter. He is best known for his hit songs "Booted," (1952), "No More Doggin'" (1952), and "Just a Little Bit" (1960).[2] Gordon was a pioneer of the Memphis blues style.[3] He played piano in a style known as the "Rosco rhythm," with the emphasis on the off-beat.[4] This rhythm was an influence on later musical styles.

Biography[edit]

Gordon was born in Memphis, Tennessee on April 10, 1928, the youngest of eight children.[5] He learned to play piano from his sister who took lessons. Gordon became associated with Johnny Ace, Bobby Bland and B.B. King, sometimes referred to as the Beale Streeters.[4][6] In 1946, Gordon moved to Chicago "after getting in trouble in Memphis."[5] He returned to Memphis in 1949, and won first place at an amateur show at the Palace Theatre on Beale Street in 1950. Emcee of the show Rufus Thomas invited Gordon to play on his radio show at WDIA. Soon after, Gordon had his own show as well.[5]

In 1951, WDIA manager, David Mattis, introduced Gordon to producer Sam Phillips.[5] Around this time, Gordon was scouted by Ike Turner, talent scout for the Bihari brothers, to record for Modern Records.[7] His first hit single, "Saddled the Cow (and Milk the Horse)," released on RPM Records (subsidiary of Modern) reached No. 9 on the Billboard R&B chart.[8]

Gordon's next single "Booted" was recorded at Phillips' Memphis Recording Service.[7] Phillips licensed the record to the Chess brothers at Chess Records, which was released as a single in December 1951.[9][6] Gordon also recorded a version for the Biharis brothers at RPM, released in January 1952.[10][3] The RPM release reached number-one on the Billboard R&B record chart in March 1952.[5][2] The Chess and the Bihari brothers later settled the conflict, with the Biharis getting exclusive rights to Gordon and Chess signing Howlin' Wolf to an exclusive contract.[11] For years, Gordon did not receive royalties for his songs. "Sam Phillips gave me one hundred dollars. One hundred. No royalties. No nothin'. But, I did it for the Biharis, now they gave me six hundred dollars. No royalties. No nothin'. But like I say, I didn't know any better," he said.[5]

Gordon also had a successful record with "No More Doggin'" (No. 2 R&B) which was also released by RPM in 1952.[12][10] Between 1952 and 1959, Gordon released numerous singles on Duke, Sun, Flip, and Vee-Jay Records. His last single to reach the charts was "Just a Little Bit" (No. 2 R&B, No. 64 Pop) in 1960.[2][3] He was paid $250 for the song which became an R&B standard, covered by the Beatles, Etta James, Elvis Presley, and Jerry Butler.[4] Gordon didn't receive royalties from the millions of copies sold in cover versions, because producer Ralph Bass at King Records stole the song from a demo Rosco sent and had it copyrighted before him.[5]

In the late 1950s, Gordon toured internationally, reaching South America and the Caribbean, where his off-beat rhythmic technique influenced the sound of early ska and reggae.[4]

In 1962, Gordon quit the music industry and moved to Queens, New York with his new wife, where he purchased a partnership in a laundry business after winning a poker game with a pair of deuces.[4] In 1969, Gordon formed his own label, Bab-Roc, operated from his home, but he did not perform again until 1981. In 1983, he released the album Rosco Rocks Again, recorded live at the 100 Club in London.[13] Following his wife's death in 1984, he returned to touring.[4]

In 2000, Gordon teamed up with blues guitarist Duke Robillard to release the album Memphis Tennessee.[14] In 2002, Gordon was invited by the filmmaker Richard Pearce to be included in a documentary film about several blues musicians returning to Memphis for a tribute to Sam Phillips in conjunction with the May 2002 W.C. Handy Awards. The documentary, The Road to Memphis, aired on PBS television.[15] Six weeks after filming finished, Gordon died at the age of 74 from a heart attack at his apartment in Rego Park, Queens on July 11, 2002.[6] He was survived by three daughters, Victoria, Deborah, and Ruby; three sons, Marrc, Rosco III, and Keith; a sister, Ella Gordon Jefferson; and 10 grandchildren.[4] He was interred in the Rosedale Cemetery in Linden, New Jersey.

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Compilations[edit]

  • 1977: The Legendary Sun Performers: Rosco Gordon (Charly Records)
  • 1980: The Best of Rosco Gordon Volume One (Ace Records)
  • 1982: Volume 2: The Memphis Sessions (Ace Records)
  • 1993: Just a Little Bit (Vee-Jay Records)
  • 1996: Rosco's Rhythm (Charly Records)
  • 1998: Bootin' (The Best of the RPM Years) (Ace Records)
  • 2004: A Proper Introduction to Rosco Gordon - No More Doggin' (Proper Records)
  • 2009: Let's Get High: The Man About Music From Memphis (JSP Records)
  • 2016: Just A Little Bit (Jasmine Records)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger Publishing. p. 246. ISBN 978-0313344237.
  2. ^ a b c Whitburn, Joel (1988). Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. p. 170. ISBN 0-89820-068-7.
  3. ^ a b c Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 114. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Rosco Gordon, 74, Blues Singer Who Influenced Rock and Ska". The New York Times. July 22, 2002. ISSN 0362-4331.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Farley, Charles (2011). Soul of the Man: Bobby "Blue" Bland. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 32–35. ISBN 978-1-60473-920-6.
  6. ^ a b c Thomas, Bryan. "Rosco Gordon: Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Rosco Gordon". All About Blues Music. July 11, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  8. ^ "Roscoe Gordon Songs ••• Top Songs / Chart Singles Discography ••• Music VF, US & UK hits charts". Music VF.
  9. ^ "Rhythm & Blues Record Releases" (PDF). Billboard: 26. December 29, 1951.
  10. ^ a b Gillett, Charlie (2011). The Sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll. Souvenir Press. ISBN 9780285640245.
  11. ^ Cohodas, Nadine (2000). Spinning Blues into Gold. St. Martin's Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-312-26133-0.
  12. ^ "Most Played Juke Box Rhythm & Blues" (PDF). Billboard: 35. May 10, 1952.
  13. ^ "Rosco Rocks Again - Rosco Gordon | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic.
  14. ^ "Memphis, Tennessee – Rosco Gordon | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic.
  15. ^ Gallo, Phil (September 6, 2003). "The Road To Memphis". Variety. Retrieved October 21, 2019.

External links[edit]