Roscoe Brown

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For the actor, see Roscoe Lee Browne.
Roscoe Brown
Brown speaks at the dedication of the Tuskeege Airmen Bus Depot of MTA Regional Bus.
Born (1922-03-09)March 9, 1922
Washington, D.C.
Died July 2, 2016(2016-07-02) (aged 94)
Riverdale, New York
Allegiance United States
Service/branch Army Air Corps
Rank Captain
Unit 100th Fighter Squadron of the 332nd Fighter Group
Conflict World War II
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross

Roscoe Conkling Brown Jr. (March 9, 1922 – July 2, 2016) was one of the Tuskegee Airmen and a squadron commander of the 100th Fighter Squadron of the 332nd Fighter Group. He graduated from the Tuskegee Flight School on March 12, 1944 as member of class 44-C-SE[1] and served in the U.S. Army Air Forces in Europe during World War II. During this period, Captain Brown shot down an advanced German Me-262 jet fighter and a FW-190 fighter.[2][3] He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.[4] Brown was born in Washington, D.C. in 1922.[5][6] His father, Roscoe C. Brown, Sr. (1884–1963), was a dentist and an official in the United States Public Health Service[7] who was born as George Brown and had changed his name to honor Roscoe Conkling, a strong supporter of the rights of African Americans during Reconstruction. His mother was the former Vivian Berry, a teacher.[5]

Prior to his wartime service, he graduated from Springfield College, Springfield, Massachusetts, where he was valedictorian of the Class of 1943.[8]

After the war, Captain Brown resumed his education. His doctoral dissertation was on exercise physiology[9] and he became a professor at New York University and directed their Institute of Afro-American Affairs. He was President of Bronx Community College from 1977 to 1993 and then director for the Center for Education Policy at the City University of New York.[10] In 1992, Brown received an honorary doctor of humanics degree from his alma mater, Springfield College.

On March 29, 2007, Brown attended a ceremony in the U.S. Capitol rotunda, where he and the other Tuskegee Airmen collectively, not individually, were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in recognition of their service.[11]

He was also a member and past president of the 100 Black Men of America New York Chapter.[12] and professor of Urban Education at the CUNY Graduate Center. Brown died on July 2, 2016 at Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx, N.Y. at the age of 94.[5][13][14] He had resided in Riverdale in his latter years.[15]


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